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Volume 20, Number 4—April 2014

Research

Active Surveillance for Avian Influenza Virus, Egypt, 2010–2012

Ghazi KayaliComments to Author , Ahmed Kandeil, Rabeh El-Shesheny, Ahmed S. Kayed, Mokhtar M. Gomaa, Asmaa M. Maatouq, Mahmoud M. Shehata, Yassmin Moatasim, Ola Bagato, Zhipeng Cai, Adam Rubrum, Mohamed A. Kutkat, Pamela P. McKenzie, Robert G. Webster, Richard J. Webby, and Mohamed A. Ali
Author affiliations: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA (G. Kayali, A. Rubrum, P.P. McKenzie, R.G. Webster, R.J. Webby); National Research Center, Giza, Egypt (A. Kandeil, R. El-Shesheny, A.S. Kayed, M.M. Gomaa, A.M. Maatouq, M.M. Shehata, Y. Moatasim, O. Bagato, M.A. Kutkat, M.A. Ali); Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (Z. Cai)

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Table 3

Epizootiologic data for avian influenza virus subtypes H5N1, H9N2, and H5/H9 , Egypt, 2010–2012

Variable No. H5N1, % H9N2, % H5/H9, %
Governorate
Cairo 132 99.2 0.8 0
Daqahliya 175 50.9 17.7 31.4
Qalubiya 92 71.7 5.4 22.8
Menofiya 28 96.4 3.6 0
Sharqiya 200 54.5 28.0 17.5
Fayyoum 225 72 13.8 14.2
BeniSuef
45
82.2
0
17.8
Species
Chickens 709 62.9 17.5 19.6
Ducks 139 90.6 0.7 8.6
Geese 12 100 0 0
Pigeons 25 100 0 0
Turkeys
12
100
0
0
Production sector
Abattoir 42 100 0 0
Commercial farm 572 59.6 18.7 21.7
Backyard flock 145 85.5 7.6 6.9
Live-bird market
138
82.6
5.1
12.3
Bird health status
Healthy 660 66.8 14.2 18.9
Sick 147 75 15.8 9.2
Dead
41
80.5
0
19.5
Bird age, y
0–1 608 69.6 14.3 16
>1 13 54.2 0 45.8

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