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Volume 19, Number 1—January 2013

Research

Risk Factors for Nipah Virus Infection among Pteropid Bats, Peninsular Malaysia

Sohayati A. Rahman, Latiffah HassanComments to Author , Jonathan H. Epstein, Zaini C. Mamat, Aziz M. Yatim, Sharifah S. Hassan, Hume E. Field, Tom Hughes, Justin Westrum, M.S. Naim, Arshad S. Suri, A. Aziz Jamaluddin, Peter Daszak, and the Henipavirus Ecology Research Group
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Veterinary Research Institute, Ipoh, Malaysia (S.A. Rahman, Z.C. Mamat, A.M. Yatim, M.S. Naim, A.A. Jamaluddin); Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia (L. Hassan, A.S. Suri); EcoHealth Alliance, New York, New York, USA (J.H. Epstein, T. Hughes, J. Westrum, P. Daszak); Monash University, Selangor, (S.S. Hassan); Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia (H.E. Field)

Main Article

Table 4

Characteristics of Pteropus hypomelanus bats tested for Nipah virus, Pulau Tiomanm, Peninsular Malaysia, January 2004–October 2006*

Sex Age group No. Reproductive status No. SNT titer range No. (%) seropositive % Seroprevalence (95% CI)
Male, n = 407
Adult 314 NA NA <8–512 39 (12.4) 10.80 (8.18–14.27)
Juvenile 81 NA NA <8–32 5 (6.1)
Pup
12
NA
NA
<8
0
Female, n = 243
Adult 124 Dry 62 <8–256 4 (6.5) 8.20 (5.30–12.4)
Pregnant 19 <8–256 4 (21.1)
Attached 20 <8–256 5 (25)
Nursing 23 <8–128 4 (17.4)
Juvenile 113 NA NA <8–64 2 (1.8)
Pup
6
NA
NA
<8–64
1 (16.6)
Overall, N = 650 NA 650 NA NA <8–512 64 9.80 (7.77–12.39)

*SNT, serum neutralization test; NA, not applicable.

Main Article

1Members of the Henipavirus Ecology Research Group are listed on the group’s website (www.ecohealthalliance.org/herg).

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