Volume 19, Number 1—January 2013
Outbreak investigations can identify industrial gaps and regulatory measures to protect food.
Young children, Black children, and those without private insurance were at higher risk for hospitalization.
Comorbidities might predict presence of specific fungal genotypes.
Clusters of almost 300 cases in time and location might be the result of contamination of specific heroin batches.
Twenty years of data provide valuable insights for the design of large automated outbreak detection systems.
Viruses originated from poultry and evolved from a single genotype introduced into the country during 2005–2006.
Infection rates may be higher during pregnancy and lactation.
Nonvaccine serotypes occur more often among children with comorbid conditions.
Tick-borne encephalitis is a disease of the brain caused by a virus found in many parts of Europe as well as central and eastern Asia. As the name indicates, the virus is spread by tick bites. The number of people infected each year varies according to complex interactions involving the ticks’environment, the weather, and human socioeconomic and vaccination status. To determine how well vaccine protects against the disease, researchers compared the number of cases in 3 neighboring countries in which vaccination coverage differs but many other factors remain the same: Austria (where more than three quarters of the population are vaccinated) and Slovenia and the Czech Republic (where less than one quarter of the population are vaccinated). They found far fewer cases in Austria, indicating that vaccination is an excellent way to prevent this disease.
A geographic cluster of malignant brain tumors in California raccoons is associated with a novel polyomavirus.
Organizing and prioritizing data collection may lead to informed assessment and guide decision making.
Temperate regions, school-aged children, and native peoples were particularly susceptible to the first wave of a novel influenza strain.
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