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Volume 20, Number 6—June 2014


Etymologia: Zika Virus

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EID Etymologia: Zika Virus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(6):1090.
AMA Etymologia: Zika Virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(6):1090. doi:10.3201/eid2006.et2006.
APA (2014). Etymologia: Zika Virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(6), 1090.

Zika [zēkʹə] Virus

Zika virus is a mosquito-borne positive-sense, single-stranded RNA virus in the family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus that causes a mild, acute febrile illness similar to dengue. In 1947, scientists researching yellow fever placed a rhesus macaque in a cage in the Zika Forest (zika meaning “overgrown” in the Luganda language), near the East African Virus Research Institute in Entebbe, Uganda. A fever developed in the monkey, and researchers isolated from its serum a transmissible agent that was first described as Zika virus in 1952. It was subsequently isolated from a human in Nigeria in 1954. From its discovery until 2007, confirmed cases of Zika virus infection from Africa and Southeast Asia were rare. In 2007, however, a major epidemic occurred in Yap Island, Micronesia. More recently, epidemics have occurred in Polynesia, Easter Island, the Cook Islands and New Caledonia.



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DOI: 10.3201/eid2006.et2006

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Table of Contents – Volume 20, Number 6—June 2014