Volume 20, Number 6—June 2014
Etymologia: Zika Virus
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|EID||Etymologia: Zika Virus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(6):1090. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2006.et2006|
|AMA||Etymologia: Zika Virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(6):1090. doi:10.3201/eid2006.et2006.|
|APA||(2014). Etymologia: Zika Virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(6), 1090. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2006.et2006.|
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne positive-sense, single-stranded RNA virus in the family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus that causes a mild, acute febrile illness similar to dengue. In 1947, scientists researching yellow fever placed a rhesus macaque in a cage in the Zika Forest (zika meaning “overgrown” in the Luganda language), near the East African Virus Research Institute in Entebbe, Uganda. A fever developed in the monkey, and researchers isolated from its serum a transmissible agent that was first described as Zika virus in 1952. It was subsequently isolated from a human in Nigeria in 1954. From its discovery until 2007, confirmed cases of Zika virus infection from Africa and Southeast Asia were rare. In 2007, however, a major epidemic occurred in Yap Island, Micronesia. More recently, epidemics have occurred in Polynesia, Easter Island, the Cook Islands and New Caledonia.
- Dick GW, Kitchen SF, Haddow AJ. Zika virus. I. Isolations and serological specificity. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1952;46:509–20 .
- Hayes EB. Zika virus outside Africa. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1347–50.
- MacNamara FN. Zika virus: a report on three cases of human infection during an epidemic of jaundice in Nigeria. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1954;48:139–45.
- Murphy JD. Luganda–English dictionary. Washington (DC): The Catholic University of America Press; 1972.
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