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Reporting of Outbreaks of Foodborne Illness under the International Health Regulations During the past 20 years, the global food trade has increased and, with it, the potential for the spread of foodborne illnesses caused by imported foods. The World Health Organization in 2007 implemented new International Health Regulations which help guide reporting of foodborne outbreaks. In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Scott McNabb discusses a study in the September 2008 issue of the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases which analyzed foodborne outbreaks in Australia in the early part of this decade and assessed how many would have been reported under the current health regulations. Download [PDF - 28 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Cryptosporidium Infections Among Children in Peru Cryptosporidium is a waterborne bacteria that can cause severe diarrhea and vomiting. In this podcast, Dr. Vita Cama, CDC microbiologist, discusses an article in the October 2008 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases. The paper examines Cryptosporidium infections among children in Peru, including the number of infections, symptoms experienced, and what species of Crypto were responsible. Download [PDF - 31 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Spread of Rare Fungus from Vancouver Island Cryptococcus gattii, a rare fungus normally found in the tropics, has infected people and animals on Vancouver Island, Canada. Dr. David Warnock, Director, Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases, CDC, discusses public health concerns about further spread of this organism. Download [PDF - 21 KB - 4 pages] Listen
Insecticide Resistance Reducing Effectiveness of Malaria Control Malaria prevention is increasingly insecticide based. Dr. John Gimnig, an entomologist with the Division of Parasitic Diseases, CDC, discusses evidence that mosquito resistance to insecticides, which is measured in the laboratory, could compromise malaria prevention in the field. Download [PDF - 16 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Emergence of Extensively Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) outbreaks have been reported in South Africa, and strains have been identified on 6 continents. Dr. Peter Cegielski, team leader for drug-resistant TB with the Division of Tuberculosis Elimination at CDC, comments on a multinational team's report on this emerging global public health threat. Download [PDF - 27 KB - 4 pages] Listen
Human Benefits of Animal Interventions for Zoonosis Control Industrialized countries have contained recent zoonotic disease outbreaks, but countries with limited resources cannot respond adequately. Dr. Nina Marano, veterinarian and Chief, Geographic Medicine and Health Promotion Branch, CDC, comments on the focus on animal reservoirs to prevent outbreaks in developing nations. Download [PDF - 17 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Pet Rodents and Fatal Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis in Transplant Patients Three organ transplant recipients died from infection with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV), which was traced back to a hamster owned by the daughter of the organ donor. Dr. Brian Amman, a mammalogist with the Special Pathogens Branch at CDC, discusses the dangers LCMV may pose to people with immune disorders, as well as to pregnant women. Download [PDF - 11 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Strategies to Reduce Person-to-Person Transmission During Widespread Escherichia coli O157:H7 Outbreak US consumers were warned not to eat raw spinach during a 2006 E. coli O157:H7 outbreak, but additional warnings about person-to-person transmission could have reduced bacteria spread. Dr. Martin Meltzer discusses the research methods and findings and the authors' success in presenting them clearly and accurately. Download [PDF - 17 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Brazilian Vaccinia Viruses and Their Origins Smallpox was eradicated more than 25 years ago, but live viruses used in vaccines may have survived to cause animal and human illness today. Dr. Inger Damon, Acting Branch Chief of the Poxvirus and Rabies Branch at CDC, discusses efforts to determine origins and spread of vaccinia viruses in Brazil. Download [PDF - 12 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Increase in Clostridium difficile–related Mortality Rates, United States, 1999–2004 Deaths related to Clostridium difficile are on the rise in the United States. Matthew Redelings from the Los Angeles County Department of Health discusses the increase and what can be done to prevent this infection. Download [PDF - 15 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Dengue Fever Seroprevalence and Risk Factors, Texas–Mexico Border, 2004 Dengue fever is both endemic and underrecognized along a section of the southern Texas–Mexico border, and low income is a primary risk factor for infection. As part of a special section on Global Poverty and Human Development, Dr. Joan Marie Brunkard discusses a dengue seroprevalence survey in this region and what can be done to help prevent infection and to identify and treat those who are infected. Download [PDF - 19 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Disparities in Arctic Health Life at the top of the globe is drastically different. Harsh climate devoid of sunlight part of the year, pockets of extreme poverty, and lack of physical infrastructure interfere with healthcare and public health services. Learn about the challenges of people in the Arctic and how research and the International Polar Year address them. Download [PDF - 24 KB - 5 pages] Listen
Determining the Quality of Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) The possibility of an avian flu pandemic has given Tamiflu attention. Because of fear of a pandemic, this drug has been in high demand. Unfortunately, this demand has prompted production of counterfeit Tamiflu. CDC's Dr. Mike Green discusses a test that is simple and affordable and can test the quality of products purported to be oseltamivir (Tamiflu). Download [PDF - 17 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Slowing the Next Pandemic: Survey of Community Mitigation Strategies During the next influenza pandemic, it will take time to develop a vaccine and there may be limited medication to treat or prevent illness. To slow the spread of disease, CDC and other public health officials will likely ask Americans to decrease contact with others through altering work schedules, school dismissals and other measures. Researchers recently surveyed the public to see whether people could follow those recommendations and what kind of impact they might have. Download [PDF - 20 KB - 3 pages] Listen
The Mystery of Increased Hospitalizations of Elderly Patients Pneumonia is a common illness that affects millions of people in the United States every year. In some people, particularly the elderly and those who are ill from pre-existing conditions, bacterial pneumonia may follow influenza or even a common cold. Dr. Martin Meltzer, discusses two articles in the May 2008 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases journal about increased pneumonia-related hospitalizations of elderly patients in England. Download [PDF - 19 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Cryptosporidium and Giardia intestinalis in Swimming Pools, Atlanta, Georgia In this podcast, Dan Rutz speaks with Dr. Joan Shields, a guest researcher with the Healthy Swimming Program at CDC, about an article in June 2008 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases reporting on the results of a test of swimming pools in the greater Atlanta, Georgia area. Dr. Shields tested 160 pools in metro Atlanta last year for Cryptosporidium and Giardia. These germs cause most recreational water associated outbreaks. Download [PDF - 17 KB - 2 pages] Listen
In Memoriam: Joshua Lederberg In this podcast, Dr. Peter Drotman, Editor-In-Chief of the Emerging Infectious Disease journal speaks with Dr. Jim Hughes, about an article in the June 2008 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases. They discuss Dr. Joshua Lederberg, globally recognized scientist, educator, national and Presidential scientific advisor, and Nobel Laureate who recently died at the age of 82. Dr Lederberg's early work in bacterial genetics virtually established the discipline of molecular biology, earning him a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1958 when he was only 33 years old. Download [PDF - 20 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Clostridium difficile in Humans and Food Animals Clostridium difficile is an antibiotic-resistant bacterium that causes diarrhea and sometimes serious intestinal illnesses. In recent years, C. difficile infections have been increasing in number and severity, including among some people outside healthcare settings. In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Michael Jhung discusses his recent study that looked at a new, increasingly prevalent strain of C. difficile in people and compared it to a strain historically found in animals to see whether the two might be linked. The study is published in the July 2008 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases. Download [PDF - 29 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Human Noroviruses and Sporadic Gastroenteritis In this podcast, Dan Rutz speaks with Dr. Manish Patel, a medical officer with the Division of Viral Diseases at CDC, about an article in August 2008 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases reporting on nororviruses. Dr. Patel reviewed 235 studies and identified 31 original studies about noroviruses. Norovirus is the leading cause of epidemic gastroenteritis. Download [PDF - 25 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Community-Associated MRSA in Uruguay Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is an antibiotic-resistant bacterium that is typically associated with infections in healthcare settings. In the past couple of decades, MRSA has emerged in the community, most often causing skin infections in healthy people who haven't recently been hospitalized. After an increase in community cases in Uruguay in 2004, health officials investigated to learn more about what was happening and found some interesting trends. In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Stephen Benoit discusses what they learned, the results of which are published in the August 2008 issue of CDC's journal, Emerging Infectious Diseases. Download [PDF - 30 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Prophylaxis after Exposure to Coxiella burnetii In this podcast, Dr. David Swerdlow discusses prophylaxis after exposure to Coxiella burnetii. It is important to know who should be treated and how they should be treated after an intentional release with possible bioterrorism agents, including Coxiella burnetii. Download [PDF - 31 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis In this podcast, Dr. Oeltmann discusses multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. An outbreak occurred in Thailand, which led to 45 cases in the U.S. This serious illness can take up to 2 years to treat. MDR TB is a real threat and a serious condition. Download [PDF - 31 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Rabies Elimination in Dogs in the United States Rabies has been eliminated from dogs in the United States through efforts to promote annual vaccination, but it's still a problem in wildlife in the U.S. and in wild and domesticated animals abroad. In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Charles Rupprecht discusses a study which provides proof of the elimination of rabies in dogs and what this means for the average American. Download [PDF - 31 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Zoonoses In this podcast, Dr. King discusses zoonoses and how foxes, raccoons, and bats play an important role in the ecology of infectious diseases, such as rabies. Download [PDF - 26 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Use of Protective Gear in Bird Flu Outbreak Response CDC's Dr. Oliver Morgan discusses how the use of masks and other protective gear impacted whether workers dealing with an outbreak of bird flu in England became sick. The paper is published in the January 2009 issue of CDC's journal, Emerging Infectious Diseases. Download [PDF - 17 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Rotaviruses CDC's Dr. Jon Gentsch discusses rotaviruses, the most important cause of severe gastroenteritis in children less than five years of age. Essentially, all children around the world get the disease during the first few years of life. Download [PDF - 17 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (sCJD) In this podcast, Dr. Lynne Sehulster discusses Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, a rare neurodegenerative disease. This disease is caused by a pathological accumulation in the brain of an abnormal protein known as prions. Download [PDF - 20 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Strategies for Fighting Pandemic Flu in Developing Countries Countries throughout the world are preparing for the next influenza pandemic. Developing countries face special challenges because they don't have antiviral drugs or vaccines that more developed countries have. In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Dan Jernigan discusses new and innovative approaches that may help developing countries fight pandemic flu when it emerges. Download [PDF - 17 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Influenza Pandemic Infrastructure Response in Thailand Influenza viruses change antigenic properties, or drift, every year and they create seasonal outbreaks. Occasionally, influenza viruses change in a major way, called a 'shift.' If an influenza virus shifts, the entire human population is susceptible to the new influenza virus, creating the potential for a pandemic. On this podcast, CDC's Dr. Scott Dowell discusses responding to an influenza pandemic. Download [PDF - 20 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Exotic Small Mammals and Bartonella In this podcast, Dr. Nina Marano discusses Bartonella, a bacterial agent that's prevalent in many species, including cats, dogs, and cattle. Wild animals are normally thought to carry Bartonella, so when animals are caught in the wild for pet trade, the risk that humans can become infected with Bartonella increases. Bartonella is an identified risk associated with ownership of exotic animals and has serious health consequences. Download [PDF - 26 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Health Concerns in the Amazon Region Residents of the Amazon region of South America contend with a number of health threats - from mosquito-borne diseases to difficulty accessing doctors and healthcare facilities in such a vast area. This podcast helps explore some of the health issues in the region and what's being done to address them. Download [PDF - 17 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Clostridium difficile in Retail Meats Clostridium difficile is a common cause of diarrhea in healthcare settings but little is known about what causes cases in the community. In this podcast, CDC's Dr. L. Clifford McDonald discusses two papers in the May 2009 edition of Emerging Infectious Diseases that explore whether the organism could be found in meat samples purchased in grocery stores in Arizona and Canada. Download [PDF - 22 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Avian Influenza A (H5N1) In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Tim Uyeki discusses H5N1, a subtype of influenza A virus. This highly pathogenic H5N1 virus doesn't usually infect people, although some rare infections with H5N1 viruses have occurred in humans. We need to use a comprehensive strategy to prevent the spread of H5N1 virus among birds, including having human health and animal health work closely together. Download [PDF - 25 KB - 4 pages] Listen
Bartonella quintana in Homeless Persons In this podcast, Dr. Marina Eremeeva discusses an article about Bartonella quintana in homeless populations in San Francisco. Bartonella quintana is a bacterium that is transmitted by human body lice. Findings by the article’s authors suggest that Bartonella quintana may be transmitted by head lice. This could mean that populations other than homeless populations, such as school children, might be at increased risk for Bartonella quintana. Download [PDF - 21 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Investigation of Sylvatic Typhus at a Wilderness Camp In this podcast, Dr. Greg Dasch discusses an outbreak of four cases of sylvatic typhus that occurred at a wilderness camp in Pennsylvania. Sylvatic typhus is very rare in the United States, with only 41 cases since it was discovered in the United States in 1975. Lab work at CDC and the discovery that all four camp counselors who became ill had slept in the same bunk at the camp between 2004 and 2006 ultimately led to confirmation that flying squirrels living in the wall of the cabin were to blame for the illnesses. Download [PDF - 24 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Identification of the First Chinese Cases of H1N1 Flu In this podcast, Dr. Scott Dowell discusses the first cases of the new H1N1 influenza virus in China in May 2009, which occurred in three students who had been studying in North America during the early days of the pandemic and returned home to visit their friends and family. Chinese health officials acted swiftly to investigate and determine whether the students had spread their illness to others. The article, which appears in the September 2009 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases, details what they found. Download [PDF - 17 KB - 31 pages] Listen
Underreporting of 2009 H1N1 Influenza Cases Influenza cases are difficult to track because many people don't go to the doctor or get tested for flu when they're sick. The first months of the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic were no different. In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Carrie Reed discusses a study in the December issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases that looked at the actual number of cases reported and estimated the true number of cases when correcting for underreporting. Download [PDF - 19 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Emergence of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis at a South African Mine This podcast describes the emergence of increasingly drug resistant tuberculosis at a mine in South Africa. CDC's Dr. Dixie Snider discusses the outbreak and some of the reasons it may have occurred, despite the existence of a well-functioning TB control program at the mine. Download [PDF - 28 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Invasive Haemophilus influenzae Disease, Europe, 1996–2006 This podcast describes monitoring of Haemophilus influenzae disease in Europe from 1996 through 2006. CDC epidemiologist Stacey Martin discusses what researchers learned about the effect of vaccination on disease prevalence. Download [PDF - 28 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Terrestrial Rabies and Human Postexposure Prophylaxis, New York, USA This podcast describes a 10-year study of the use of postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) for rabies in New York State. CDC's Dr. Brett Petersen discusses the prevalence of rabies in the United States and how the study lends support to recent changes in the recommended PEP protocol. Download [PDF - 28 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Spread of H1N1 within Households This podcast describes an investigation into how H1N1 was spreading within households during the initial days of the pandemic in Texas. CDC's Dr. Oliver Morgan discusses what investigators learned about the role that children played in introducing the virus into households and spreading flu. Download [PDF - 25 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Crab Hole Mosquito Blues—The Story This podcast reports on a humorous song that takes a look at a very serious human and equine disease. Written and performed by the MARU Health Angels Band, Bill Dietz, director of the Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity at CDC, talks about the song,"Crab Hole Mosquito Blues", and the history behind it. Download [PDF - 92 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Babesiosis in Lower Hudson Valley, New York This podcast discusses a study about an increase in babesiosis in the Lower Hudson Valley of New York state. Dr. Julie Joseph, Assistant Professor of Medicine at New York Medical College, shares details of this study. Download [PDF - 67 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Probable Unusual Transmission of Zika Virus This podcast discusses a study about the probable unusual transmission of Zika Virus Infection from a scientist to his wife, published in the May 2011 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases. Dr. Brian Foy, Associate Professor at Colorado State University, shares details of this event. Download [PDF - 71 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Vaccine-associated Paralytic Poliomyelitis in Immunodeficient Children, Iran, 1995–2008 This podcast describes paralytic poliomyelitis infections acquired by immune-deficient Iranian children following their exposure to live-virus polio vaccine. Olen Kew, Associate Director for Global Laboratory Science at CDC, discusses implications of the use of live-virus vaccines in global polio eradication efforts. Download [PDF - 24 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Surveillance in Marginalized Populations, Tijuana, Mexico, and West Nile Virus Knowledge among Hispanics, San Diego, California, This podcast describes public health surveillance and communication in hard to reach populations in Tijuana, Mexico, and San Diego County, California. Dr. Marian McDonald, Associate Director of CDC's Health Disparities in the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, discusses the importance of being flexible in determining the most effective media for health communications. Download [PDF - 27 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Helicobacter pylori and Peptic Ulcers In this podcast, CDC's Dr. David Swerdlow discusses the relationship between Helicobacter pylori and peptic ulcer disease and trends in hospitalization rates for peptic ulcer disease in the United States between 1998 and 2005. Download [PDF - 27 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Bloodstream Infections with Mycobacterium tuberculosis among HIV patients This podcast looks at bloodstream infections with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other pathogens among outpatients infected with HIV in Southeast Asia. CDC health scientist Kimberly McCarthy discusses the study and why bloodstream infections occur in HIV-infected populations. Download [PDF - 65 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Increased Risk for Malaria Infection This podcast describes research done in Ghana examining a correlation between type 2 diabetes and a possible increased risk for malaria infection in adults. Dr. Manoj Menon, a medical officer in the Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria in the Center for Global Health, discusses questions the study raises. Download [PDF - 24 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Comparison of 3 Infrared Thermal Detection Systems and Self Report for Mass Fever Screening In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Nicole Cohen describes research that examined the usefulness of thermal scanners for detecting fever in large groups of people in public settings, such as hospitals and airports. Download [PDF - 68 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Alkhurma Hemorrhagic Fever in Saudi Arabia This podcast looks at the epidemiologic characteristics of Alkhurma Hemorrhagic Fever in humans in Najran City, Saudi Arabia. CDC epidemiologist Dr. Adam MacNeil discusses the severity and risk factors for the illness. Download [PDF - 69 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Reassortment Group A Rotavirus from Straw-colored Fruit Bat (Eidolon helvum) In this podcast, Dr. Mathew Esona of the Division of Viral Diseases at CDC describes the discovery of a unique Group A rotavirus isolated from fruit bats in Kenya. Download [PDF - 67 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Public Health Implications of Cysticercosis Acquired in the United States In this podcast, Dr. Patricia Wilkins, a research microbiologist at CDC, discusses an infection caused by the larvae of Taenia solium, the pork tapeworm. Download [PDF - 69 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Zoonoses in the Bedroom This podcast reports on some of the diseases pet owners can acquire from their pets. Public health veterinarian, Dr. Heather Bair-Brake, describes the connection between disease and pets sleeping in their owner's beds. Download [PDF - 24 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Elephant-to-Human Transmission of Tuberculosis This podcast reports on the transmission of TB from elephants to humans. Dr. Rendi Murphree, Epidemic Intelligence Service Officer at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Vanderbilt University Visiting Scholar, discusses the recent elephant-to-human transmission of tuberculosis at an elephant refuge in Tennessee. Download [PDF - 71 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Bridging Implementation, Knowledge, and Ambition Gaps to Eliminate Tuberculosis In this podcast, Dr. Kenneth Castro, director of CDC's Division of Tuberculosis Eliminatio,discusses bridging implementation, knowledge, and ambition gaps to eliminate tuberculosis. Download [PDF - 64 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Tuberculosis Outbreak Investigations in the U.S. In this podcast, Dr Kiren Mitruka, medical officer with CDC's Tuberculosis Outbreak Investigations team, discusses tuberculosis outbreak investigations in the U.S. from 2002-2008. Download [PDF - 95 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Vaccinia Virus Infections in a Martial Arts Gym This podcast discusses an outbreak of vaccinia virus in Maryland in 2008. Christine Hughes, a health scientist with the Poxvirus and Rabies Branch at CDC, and co-author of a paper in the April 2011 issue of CDC's journal, discusses vaccinia virus infections in a martial arts gym. Download [PDF - 65 KB - 2 pages] Listen
In Memoriam: Dr. Frank John Fenner This podcast reflects on one of the greatest pioneers in virology, Dr. Frank John Fenner. Dr. Frederick Murphy, a member of EID's editorial board and the Institute of Medicine, and professor of Pathology at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, shares professional and personal stories of Dr. Frank Fenner. Download [PDF - 73 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Human Infection in Wild Mountain Gorillas This podcast discusses a study about the transmission of Human Metapneumovirus Infection to wild mountain gorillas in Rwanda in 2009, published in the April 2011 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases. Dr. Ian Lipkin, Director of the Center for Infection and Immunity and Dr. Gustavo Palacios, investigator in the Center of Infection & Immunity share details of this study. Download [PDF - 66 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Crab Hole Mosquito Blues — The Song This podcast is a song about a major epizoodemic of a serious human and equine disease written and performed by the MARU Health Angels Band. Band members: K.M. Johnson, T.E. Walton (Retired); D.F. Antczak (Cornell University); W.H. Dietz (CDC); and D.H. Martin (Louisiana State University Health Science Center). Download [PDF - 95 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Vector-borne Infections This podcast discusses emerging vector-borne pathogens, their role as prominent contributors to emerging infectious diseases, how they're spread, and the ineffectiveness of mosquito control methods. Download [PDF - 70 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, Sudan, 2008 This podcast describes the emergence of the first human cases of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in Sudan in 2008. CDC epidemiologist Dr. Stuart Nichol discusses how the disease was found in Sudan and how it spread in a hospital there. Download [PDF - 28 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Re-Emergence of Rift Valley Fever in Madagascar This podcast describes the re-emergence of Rift Valley Fever in Madagascar during two rainy seasons in 2008 and 2009. CDC epidemiologist Dr. Pierre Rollin discusses what researchers learned about the outbreak and about infections in the larger population in Madagascar. Download [PDF - 25 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Pulsed-field Gel Electrophoresis for Salmonella Infection Surveillance, Texas, USA, 2007 This podcast describes monitoring of the use of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis for Salmonella surveillance in Houston, Texas. CDC microbiologist Peter Gerner-Smidt discusses the importance of the PulseNet national database in surveillance of food-borne infections. Download [PDF - 28 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Outbreaks of Rickettsia felis in Kenya and Senegal, 2010 This podcast describes the outbreak of Rickettsia felis in Kenya between August 2006 and June 2008, and in rural Senegal from November 2008 through July 2009. CDC infectious disease pathologist Dr. Chris Paddock discusses what researchers learned about this flea-borne disease and how to prevent infection. Download [PDF - 31 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Invasive Group A Streptococcal Infection In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Chris Van Beneden discusses the dangers of group A strep infections. Download [PDF - 67 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Reflections on 30 Years of AIDS—Part 1 Dr. Kevin DeCock, director of The Center for Global Health at CDC, reflects on 30 years of the AIDS epidemic. Download [PDF - 82 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Reflections on 30 Years of AIDS—Part 2 Dr. James Curran, Dean of the Rollins School of Public Health and Co-Director of Emory's Center for AIDS Research, and Dr. Harold Jaffe, CDC's Associate Director for Science, reflect on 30 years of the AIDS epidemic. Download [PDF - 49 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Antiviral Prophylaxis and H1N1 Dr. Richard Pebody, a consultant epidemiologist at the Health Protection Agency in London, UK, discusses the use of antiviral post-exposure prophylaxis and pandemic H1N1. Download [PDF - 109 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome Dr. Adam MacNeil, epidemiologist with Viral Special Pathogens Branch at CDC, discusses hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Download [PDF - 64 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Deadly Parasite in Raccoons Dr. Shira Shafir, Assistant Professor in the Department of Epidemiology at the UCLA School of Public Health, discusses a study about roundworms in raccoons and their effect on the environment. Download [PDF - 65 KB - 2 pages] Listen
More Trouble from Ticks Dr. Chris Paddock, a rickettsiologist and infectious disease pathologist discusses a tick-transmitted bacterium, Rickettsia parkeri. Download [PDF - 249 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Diarrheal Illness Dr. Steve Monroe, director of CDC's Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, discusses diarrheal illness, its causes, and prevention. Download [PDF - 54 KB - 2 pages] Listen
A Melioidosis Case in Arizona David Blaney, Medical Officer, Bacterial Special Pathogens Branch, discusses an unusual melioidosis case in Arizona. Download [PDF - 150 KB - 3 pages] Listen
Spread of Measles Virus in Europe Dr. Paul Rota, team lead for the Measles Laboratory, Division of Viral Diseases, at CDC, talks about a measles virus survey in Europe, 2008–2011. Download [PDF - 50 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Cholera in the United States Anna Newton, Surveillance Epidemiologist at CDC, discusses cholera that was brought to the United States during an outbreak in Haiti and the Dominican Republic (Hispaniola).

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Investigating Shigella sonnei Infections Dr. Nancy Strockbine, Chief of the Escherichia and Shigella Reference Unit at CDC, discusses Shigella sonnei infections. Download [PDF - 73 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Clostridium difficile Infection in Outpatients Dr. Jon Mark Hirshon, Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, discusses Clostridium difficile infection in outpatients.

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Investigating Mycobacterium chelonae-abscessus Complex Keith Simmon, scientist at Isentio US discusses research that was done while he was at ARUP laboratories, discusses a new classification of Mycobacterium chelonae-abscessus complex. Download [PDF - 63 KB - 2 pages] Listen
In Memoriam: David Judson Sencer, A Public Health Giant Dr. Jeffery Koplan, Director of the Emory Global Health Institute at Emory University, reflects on the career of Dr. David Sencer. Download [PDF - 161 KB - 5 pages] Listen
Flu Resistance to Antiviral Drug in North Carolina Dr. Katrina Sleeman, Associate Service Fellow at CDC, discusses resistance to an antiviral flu drug in North Carolina. Download [PDF - 139 KB - 2 pages] Listen
Raw or Nonpasteurized Products Can Make You Sick Dr. Adam Langer, CDC epidemiologist, discusses the dangers of consuming raw or nonpasteurized dairy products. Download [PDF - 98KB - 3 pages] Listen
Washington (Wash) C. Winn: In Memoriam Dr. Mike Miller and Dr. David Walker dicuss the career and life of noted clinical biologist, Dr. Washington C. Winn Jr. Download [PDF - 76KB - 4 pages] Listen
Deaths from Adenovirus in the US Military Dr. Joel Gaydos, science advisor for the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, and Dr. Robert Potter, a research associate for the Armed Forces Medical Examiner System, discuss deaths from adenovirus in the US military. Download [PDF - 102KB - 4 pages] Listen
Leaving the Hospital Dr. Anya Silver reads her poem about leaving the hospital. Download [PDF - 52KB - 1 page] Listen
The Life and Death of Anaplasma Dr. Setu Vora, medical director of critical care and physician director of performance improvement at Backus Hospital in Norwich, Connecticut, reads his poem The Life and Death of Anaplasma and discusses the poem’s origins. Download [PDF - 140KB - 2 pages] Listen
Sealpox Virus in Marine Mammal Rehabilitation Facility Benjamin Monroe, a CDC health scientist, discusses the sealpox virus and its impact on marine rehabilitation facilities. Download [PDF - 166KB - 2 pages] Listen
Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal Cover Art Polyxeni Potter discusses the art used on the covers of the Emerging Infectious Diseases journal. Download [PDF - 79KB - 1 page] Listen
Dengue Fever in the United States Dr. Amesh Adalja, an associate at the Center for Biosecurity and clinical assistant professor at the University of Pittsburgh School, of Medicine, discusses dengue fever outbreaks in the United States.

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Oseltamivir-Resistant Flu Dr. Aaron Storms, an Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) officer at CDC, discusses his paper about oseltamivir-resistant H1N1flu. Download [PDF - 66KB - 3 pages] Listen
Invasive Meningococcal Men Y Disease Dr. Leonard Mayer, a public health microbiologist at CDC, discusses invasive meningococcal disease.

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Taenia solium among Refugees in the United States Dr. Seth O’Neal, a medical epidemiologist at Oregon Health & Science University, in Portland Oregon, discusses Taenia solium among Refugees. Download [PDF - 141KB - 3 pages] Listen
Rabies in Captive Deer Dr. Brett Petersen, a medical officer at CDC, discusses rabies in captive deer.

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Flu-related Hospitalizations by Industry Dr. Sara Luckhaupt, a CDC medical officer, discusses which industries are most impacted by the flu.

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Botulism Dr. Agam Rao, a CDC medical officer, discusses botulism. Created: 5/16/2012 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Download [PDF - 146KB - 3 pages] Listen
Pneumococcal Pneumonia and Pandemic H1N1 Dr. George Nelson, a CDC medical officer, discusses the relationship between pneumococcal pneumonia and Pandemic H1N1.

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Sapovirus Outbreaks in Long-Term Care Facilities Lore Elizabeth Lee, a clinical epidemiologist at the Oregon Public Health Division, discusses sapovirus outbreaks, testing, and treatment.

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Public Health Events and International Health Regulations Dr. Katrin Kohl, a medical officer at the CDC, discusses the World Health Organization’s International Health Regulations for assessing and reporting on public health events across the world.

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Trends in Invasive Infection with MRSA Dr. James Hadler, Associate Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health at the Yale School of Public Health, discusses recent trends in MRSA.

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Infectious Disease Transmission during Transfusion and Transplantation Dr. Matthew Kuehnert, Director of the Office of Blood, Organ, and Other Tissue Safety, discusses infections in transplants. Download [PDF - 147KB - 4 pages] Listen
Foodborne Norovirus Outbreaks Dr. Aron Hall, a CDC epidemiologist specializing in noroviruses, discusses foodborne norovirus outbreaks.

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A Case of Ebola Virus Dr. Adam MacNeil, an epidemiologist at CDC, discusses Ebola virus. Download [PDF - 144KB - 3 pages] Listen
Outbreak of Streptococcus pneumoniae in a Psychiatric Unit Dr. Katherine Fleming-Dutra, an epidemiologist at CDC, discusses her investigation of a Streptococcus pneumoniae outbreak in a pediatric psychiatric unit. Date Released: 11/5/2012.

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Hepatitis E and Maternal Deaths Dr. Alain Labrique, assistant professor in the Department of International Health and Department of Epidemiology at the Bloomberg School of Public Health, gives us his perspective on hepatitis E and maternal deaths. Date Released: 11/7/2012. Download [PDF - 179 KB - 7 pages] Listen
Death from Fungus in the Soil Dr. Shira Shafir, Assistant Professor of Epidemiology at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, discusses her study about fungus found in soil. Created: 12/17/2012

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Wild Birds and the Urban Ecology of Ticks Dr. Sarah Hamer, Assistant Professor and Veterinary Ecologist with the College of Veterinary Medicine at Texas A&M University, discusses her investigation of ticks on wild birds in urban Chicago. Created: 12/21/2012. Date Released: 12/27/2012. Download [PDF - 364 - 8 pages] Listen
Sinusitis from Nontuberculous Mycobacteria in Tap Water Dr. Wellington S. Tichenor. Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine at New York Medical College and in private practice in Manhattan, New York, discusses his investigation of sinusitis from nontuberculous mycobacteria in tap water. Created: 12/21/2012. Date Released: 12/31/2012.

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Investigating Listeria Outbreaks Dr. Emily Cartwright, Infectious Disease fellow at Emory University and former EIS Officer with CDC’s Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases discusses foodborne Listeria outbreaks. Created: 1/4/2013. Date Released: 1/8/2013. Download [PDF - 183 KB - 4 pages] Listen
People Can Catch Diseases from Their Pets Dr. Carol Rubin, Associate Director for Zoonoses and One Health at CDC, discusses zoonotic diseases in pets. Created: 1/23/2013. Date Released: 1/28/2013.

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Salmonella Caused by Reptiles and Amphibians in Childcare Centers Dr. Neil Vora, an EIS Officer at CDC, discusses his article about Salmonella infections in childcare centers caused by reptiles and amphibians. Created: 2/7/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 2/7/2013. Series Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases. Download [PDF - 91KB - 3 pages] Listen
Knowing Which Foods Make Us Sick Will Help Guide Food Safety Regulations Dr. John Painter, an epidemiologist with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, discusses his study about which foods can make us sick. Created: 2/19/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 2/21/2013. Series Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases. Download [PDF - 105KB - 5 pages] Listen
Outbreak of a New Strain of Flu at a Fair Dr. Karen Wong, an EIS officer with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, discusses her study about flu outbreaks at agricultural fairs. Created: 2/28/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 3/4/2013. Series Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases. Download [PDF - 92KB - 3 pages] Listen
Myth Dispelled Dr. Adam Possner, an assistant professor of general internal medicine at George Washington University, reads and discusses his poem, "Myth Dispelled.". Created: 3/20/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 3/21/2013. Series Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases. Download [PDF - 165K - 3 pages] Listen
Progress in Global Surveillance and Response Capacity 10 Years After Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Dr. Mike Miller reads an abridged version of the Emerging Infectious Diseases synopsis, Progress in Global Surveillance and Response Capacity 10 Years after Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. Created: 4/10/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 4/11/2013. Series Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases. Download [PDF - 204KB - 5 pages] Listen
Zombies—A Pop Culture Resource for Public Health Awareness Reginald Tucker reads an abridged version of the Emerging Infectious Diseases Another Dimension, Zombies—A Pop Culture Resource for Public Health Awareness. Created: 4/24/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 4/24/2013. Series Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases. Download [PDF - 17MB - 5 pages] Listen
Lessons from the History of Quarantine, from Plague to Influenza A Reginald Tucker reads an abridged version of the Emerging Infectious Diseases’ Historical Review, Lessons from the History of Quarantine, from Plague to Influenza A. Created: 5/8/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 5/15/2013. Series Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases. Download [PDF - 183.06 KB - 6 pages] Listen
New Flu Virus in Pigs Exhibited at Fairs in Ohio Dr. Andrew Bowman, a graduate research assistant in the Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine at The Ohio State University, discusses his study about flu virus in pigs at agricultural fairs. Created: 5/21/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 5/23/2013. Series Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases. Download [PDF - 102KB - 5 pages] Listen
Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus Infections in Humans by Zoonotic Transmission from Horses Dr. Mike Miller reads an abridged version of the Emerging Infectious Diseases’ article, Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus Infections in Humans by Zoonotic Transmission from Horses. Download [PDF - 187KB - 4 pages] Listen
Protection by Face Masks against H1N1 Virus on Trans-Pacific Passenger Aircraft, 2009 Dr. Mike Miller reads an abridged version of the Emerging Infectious Diseases’ article, Protection by Face Masks against H1N1 Virus on Trans-Pacific Passenger Aircraft, 2009. Download [PDF - 236KB - 5 pages] Listen
Dangerous Raw Oysters Dr. Duc Vugia, chief of the Infectious Diseases Branch at the California Department of Public Health, discusses the dangers of eating raw oysters. Download [PDF - 261KB - 3 pages] Listen
The New Global Health Dr. Mike Miller reads an abridged version of the Emerging Infectious Diseases’ Perspective, The New Global Health. Download [PDF - 101KB - 5 pages] Listen
Outbreak-associated Salmonella enterica Serotypes and Food Commodities, United States, 1998- 2008 Dr. Mike Miller reads an abridged version of the Emerging Infectious Diseases’ study, Outbreak-associated Salmonella enterica Serotypes and Food Commodities, United States, 1998- 2008. Download [PDF - 95KB - 4 pages] Listen
Norovirus in the United States Dr. Aron Hall, a CDC epidemiologist specializing in norovirus, discusses the impact of norovirus in the United States. Download [PDF - 86KB - 3 pages] Listen
Think Fungus Dr. Mary Brandt, a CDC research microbiologist, discusses the impact of fungal infections. Download [PDF - 140KB - 2 pages] Listen
Quinto Tiberio Angelerio and New Measures for Controlling Plague in 16th-Centruy Alghero, Sardinia Reginald Tucker reads an abridged version of the Emerging Infectious Diseases’ historical Review, Quinto Tiberio Angelerio and New Measures for Controlling Plague in 16th -Centruy Alghero, Sardinia. Download [PDF - 110KB - 6 pages] Listen
West Nile Virus RNA in Tissues from Donor Associated with Transmission to Organ Transplant Recipients William Hale reads an abridged version of the Emerging Infectious Diseases’ dispatch, West Nile Virus RNA in Tissues from Donor Associated with Transmission to Organ Transplant Recipients. Download [PDF - 183KB - 3 pages] Listen
Historical Prevalence and Distribution of Avian Influenza Virus A(H7N9) among Wild Birds William Hale reads an abridged version of the Emerging Infectious Diseases’ dispatch, West Nile Virus RNA in Tissues from Donor Associated with Transmission to Organ Transplant Recipients. Download [PDF - 137KB - 2 pages] Listen
Nodding Syndrome Dr. Scott Dowell, a CDC director, discusses the rare illness, nodding syndrome, in children in Africa. Download [PDF - 150KB - 2 pages] Listen
Breathing Valley Fever Dr. Duc Vugia, chief of the Infectious Diseases Branch in the California Department of Public Health, discusses Valley Fever. Download [PDF - 97KB - 4 pages] Listen
Low-Incidence, High-Consequence Pathogens Dr. Stephan Monroe, a deputy director at CDC, discusses the impact of low-incidence, high-consequence pathogens globally. Download [PDF - 211KB - 3 pages] Listen
Unraveling the Mysteries of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Dr. Aron Hall, a CDC coronavirus epidemiologist, discusses Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus. Download [PDF - 135KB - 2 pages] Listen
Incorporating Research and Evaluation into Pandemic Influenza Vaccination Preparedness and Response Dr. Tom Shimabukuro, a medical officer at CDC, discusses Pandemic Influenza Vaccination Preparedness and Response. Download [PDF - 134KB - 3 pages] Listen
Outbreaks of Kingella kingae Infections in Daycare Facilities Dr. Mike Miller reads an abridged version of the synopsis, Outbreaks of Kingella kingae Infections in Daycare Facilities. Download [PDF - 171KB - 4 pages] Listen
In Memoriam: James Harlan Steele (1913—2013) Drs. Jennifer McQuiston and Casey Barton Behravesh talk with Dr. Myron Schultz about the legendary Dr. James Harlan Steele. Download [PDF - 256KB - 3 pages] Listen
Bat Flight and Zoonotic Viruses Reginald Tucker reads an abridged version of the EID perspective Bat Flight and Zoonotic Viruses. Download [PDF - 290KB - 4 pages] Listen
Quiet Moment around the Campfire Byron Breedlove reads his essay, "Quiet Moment around the Campfire," about the art of Frederic Remington and the transmission of pathogens as frontiers expand. Download [PDF - 158KB - 2 pages] Listen
Carbapenemase-producing Organism in Food Dr. Mike Miller reads an abridged version of the article, Carbapenemase-producing Organism in Food. Download [PDF - 128KB - 2 pages] Listen
Deaths Attributable to Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae Infections Dr. Mike Miller reads an abridged version of the article, Deaths Attributable to Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae Infections. Download [PDF - 258KB - 3 pages] Listen
Biomarker Correlates of Survival in Pediatric Patients with Ebola Virus Disease Dr. Mike Miller reads an abridged version of the article, Biomarker Correlates of Survival in Pediatric Patients with Ebola Virus Disease. Download [PDF - 152KB - 4 pages] Listen
Dengue Virus Transmission by Blood Stem Cell Donor after Travel to Sri Lanka; Germany, 2013 Dr. Mike Miller reads an abridged version of the article, Dengue Virus Transmission by Blood Stem Cell Donor after Travel to Sri Lanka; Germany, 2013. Download [PDF - 154KB - 3 pages] Listen
Knemidocoptic Mange in Wild Golden Eagles, California, USA Dr. Mike Miller reads an abridged version of the article, Knemidocoptic Mange in Wild Golden Eagles, California, USA. Download [PDF - 140KB - 3 pages] Listen
Encephalitis Caused by Pathogens Transmitted through Organ Transplants, United States, 2002–2013 Dr. Mike Miller reads an abridged version of the article, Encephalitis Caused by Pathogens Transmitted through Organ Transplants, United States, 2002–2013. Download [PDF - 201KB - 4 pages] Listen
After the Resistance: The Alamo Today Byron Breedlove reads his essay After the Resistance: The Alamo Today about the Alamo and emerging disease resistance. Download [PDF - 132KB - 2 pages] Listen
Musings on Sketches, Artists, and Mosquito Nets Byron Breedlove reads his essay Musings on Sketches, Artists, and Mosquito Nets about the art of James Whistler and the transmission of vector borne diseases. Download [PDF - 185KB - 2 pages] Listen
Pandemic Fear and Literature: Observations from Jack London’s The Scarlet Plague Sarah Gregory reads an abridged version of the essay, Pandemic Fear and Literature: Observations from Jack London’s The Scarlet Plague. Download [PDF - 317KB - 4 pages] Listen
Blastomycosis Mortality Rates, United States, 1990–2010 Diana Khuu discusses Blastomycosis Mortality Rates, United States, 1990–2010. Download [PDF - 174KB - 2 pages] Listen
Epidemiology of Human Plague in the United States, 1900–2012 Dr. Kiersten Kugeler discusses the Epidemiology of Human Plague in the United States. Download [PDF - 250KB - 2 pages] Listen
Coccidioidomycosis among Prison Inmates, California, USA, 2011 Dr. Charlotte Wheeler discusses Coccidioidomycosis among Prison Inmates in California. Download [PDF - 208KB - 2 pages] Listen
Novel Eurasian Highly Pathogenic Influenza A H5 Viruses in Wild Birds, Washington, USA, 2014 Sarah Gregory reads an abridged version of the article, Novel Eurasian Highly Pathogenic Influenza A H5 Viruses in Wild Birds, Washington, USA, 2014. Download [PDF - 218KB - 3 pages] Listen
Reemergence of Murine Typhus in the US Dr. Lucas Blanton discusses the Reemergence of Murine Typhus in Galveston Texas in 2013. Download [PDF - 95KB - 2 pages] Listen
Foodborne Illness Retrospective Dr. Paul Mead and Dr. Peter Drotman discuss the historic October 1999 article, Food-related Illness and Death in the United States. Download [PDF - 166KB - 3 pages] Listen
Lives of a Cell: 40 Years Later, A Third Interpretation Reginald Tucker reads an abridged version of the article Lives of a Cell: 40 Years Later, A Third Interpretation. Download [PDF - 287KB - 2 pages] Listen
Cost-effectiveness of Chlamydia Vaccination Programs for Young Women Dr. Kwame Owusu-Edusei discusses the importance of chlamydia vaccine development. Download [PDF - 284KB - 2 pages] Listen
Anthrax Remembered Dr. John Jernigan and Dr. D. Peter Drotman recall the 2001 anthrax attacks and rapid publication of the landmark paper reporting the initial cases of inhalational anthrax. Download [PDF - 300KB - 6 pages] Listen
The Past Is Never Dead—Measles Epidemic, Boston, Massachusetts, 1713 Dr. David Morens reads excerpts from his essay about Cotton Mather’s diary, which details the experience and tragedy of the measles outbreak in Boston, Massachusetts in 1713. Download [PDF - 322KB - 5 pages] Listen
Neurocysticercosis—a Parasitic Brain Infection Dr. Seth O’Neal discusses his article on the economic burden of neurocysticercosis, which is a brain infection caused by Taenia solium larval cysts. Download [PDF - 247KB - 2 pages] Listen
Putative Lineage of Novel African Usutu Virus, Central Europe Sarah Gregory reads an abridged version of "Putative Lineage of Novel African Usutu Virus, Central Europe." Download [PDF - 183KB - 2 pages] Listen
Invasive Disease Caused by Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae Dr. Elizabeth Briere discusses Nontypeable Haemophilus influenza which causes a variety of infections in children and adults. Download [PDF - 411KB - 2 pages] Listen
Louseborne Relapsing Fever in Europe Dr. David Freedman discusses louseborne relapsing fever in Europe. Download [PDF - 218KB - 3 pages] Listen
Rat Lungworm Expands into North America Emily York, integrated pest management specialist at the Sam Noble Museum of Natural History, discusses the rat lungworm expansion in North America. Download [PDF - 133KB - 2 pages] Listen
Fungal Wound Infection Dr. David Tribble, acting director of the infectious disease clinical research program at Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, discusses fungal wound infections after combat trauma. Download [PDF - 235KB - 3 pages] Listen
Leprosy and Armadillos Dr. Richard Truman, Chief of the National Hansen’s Disease Program Laboratory Research Branch discusses leprosy and armadillos. Download [PDF - 168KB - 4 pages] Listen
Factors Related to Fetal Death in Pregnant Women with Cholera, Haiti, 2011–2014 Reginald Tucker reads an abridged version of the EID article Factors Related to Fetal Death in Pregnant Women with Cholera, Haiti, 2011–2014. Download [PDF - 255KB - 2 pages] Listen
Is Climate influencing Cryptococcus gattii on Vancouver Island? Dr. Christopher Uejio, Department of Geography and Program in Public Health, Florida State University, discusses Cryptococcus gattii on Vancouver Island. Download [PDF - 172KB - 3 pages] Listen
75 Years of Histoplasmosis Outbreaks in the United States Dr. Christopher Uejio, Department of Geography and Program in Public Health, Florida State University, discusses Cryptococcus gattii on Vancouver Island. Download [PDF - 218KB - 3 pages] Listen
Determinants and Drivers of Infectious Disease Threat Events in Europe Reginald Tucker reads an abridged version of the article, Determinants and Drivers of Infectious Disease Threat Events in Europe. Download [PDF - 216KB - 3 pages] Listen
Threat from Emerging Vectorborne Viruses Reginald Tucker reads an abridged version of the commentary by CDC author Ronald Rosenberg, Threat from Emerging Vectorborne Viruses. Download [PDF - 210KB - 2 pages] Listen
Nipah Virus Transmission from Bats to Humans Associated with Drinking Traditional Liquor Made from Date Palm Sap, Bangladesh, 2011–2014 Sarah Gregory reads an abridged version of the article, Nipah Virus Transmission from Bats to Humans Associated with Drinking Traditional Liquor Made from Date Palm Sap, Bangladesh, 2011–2014. Download [PDF - 224KB - 4 pages] Listen
Shigella Sonnei and Shiga Toxin Katherine Lamba, an infectious disease epidemiologist with the California Department of Public Health, discusses Shiga Toxin producing Shigella sonnei. Download [PDF - 164KB - 3 pages] Listen
A Tick on the Move? CDC’s tick expert, Dr. Christopher Paddock, discusses ticks found in a new location. Download [PDF - 87KB - 3 pages] Listen
Scarlet Fever Upsurge in England and Molecular-Genetic Analysis in North-West London, 2014 Sarah Gregory reads an abridged version of the article, Scarlet Fever Upsurge in England and Molecular-Genetic Analysis in North-West London, 2014. Download [PDF - 213KB - 2 pages] Listen
Dengue Returns Dr. Tyler Sharp, a CDC epidemiologist, discusses dengue in southern Texas. Download [PDF - 89KB - 3 pages] Listen
Rabies in Transplant Recipients Dr. Richard Franka, a CDC scientist, discusses rabies in organ transplant recipients. Download [PDF - 175KB - 4 pages] Listen
Why We Need West Nile Virus Testing Dr. Rodrigo Hasbun, a professor of infectious diseases at McGovern Medical School at UT Health, discusses the need for West Nile virus testing in Texas. Download [PDF - 86KB - 2 pages] Listen
Resurgence of Yellow Fever in Angola, 2015–2016 Sarah Gregory reads an abridged version of an article on the resurgence of yellow fever in Angola. Download [PDF - 245KB - 2 pages] Listen
Geometric Abstract Art and Public Health Data Dr. Salaam Semaan, a CDC behavioral scientist, discusses the similarities between geometric abstract art and public health data analysis. Download [PDF - 128KB - 2 pages] Listen
Flu Days Poet, Peter Makuck, reads his poem, Flu Days. Download [PDF - 165KB - 2 pages] Listen
  • Flu Days
    (Volume 22, Number 12—December 2016)
Comparing Sporadic and Outbreak-associated Foodborne Illness Dr. Eric Ebel, a veterinarian and risk analyst with USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service, discusses his article on sporadic and outbreak-associated cases of foodborne illness. Download [PDF - 240KB - 7 pages] Listen
Extensively Drug-Resistant TB Dr. Charlotte Kvasnovsky, a surgery resident and Ph.D. candidate in biostatistics, discusses various types of drug resistance in TB patients in South Africa. Download [PDF - 183KB - 6 pages] Listen
Ebola Survivor and Her Pregnancy Outcome Dr. Moon Kim, a medical epidemiologist at the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, discusses an Ebola virus disease survivor and the delivery of her baby. Download [PDF - 170KB - 4 pages] Listen
Salmonella from Baby Turtles Dr. Stacey Bosch, a veterinarian with CDC, discusses her article on Salmonella infections associated with baby turtles. Download [PDF - 173KB - 4 pages] Listen
Backyard Poultry Dr. Colin Basler, an epidemiologist with CDC, discusses his article on Salmonella infections associated with keeping live poultry in backyards. Download [PDF - 165KB - 3 pages] Listen
Stained Glass and Flu Dr. Robert Webster, an Emeritus member of the Department of Infectious Diseases at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, discusses his cover art story on stained glass and influenza. Download [PDF - 174KB - 3 pages] Listen
A Simple Sketch Symbolizing Self-Reliance EID Managing Editor, Byron Breedlove, reads his cover art story, A Simple Sketch Symbolizing Self-Reliance. Download [PDF - 208KB - 2 pages] Listen
Antibiotic Resistance and Fungus Dr. David Denning, President of the Global Action Fund for Fungal Infections and an infectious diseases clinician, discusses antimicrobial resistance and fungus. Download [PDF - 104KB - 4 pages] Listen
Guinea Worm in a Frog Dr. Mark Eberhard, a retired parasitologist and CDC guest researcher, discusses Guinea worm infection in a wild-caught frog. Download [PDF - 165KB - 3 pages] Listen
Plague in Yosemite Dr. Vicki Kramer, with the California Department of Public Health, discusses two cases of plague in Yosemite National Park. Download [PDF - 160KB - 2 pages] Listen
TB in Captive Elephants Dr. Barry Kreiswirth, founding director of the Public Health Research Institute, TB Center, at Rutgers University, discusses TB in three captive elephants. Download [PDF - 199KB - 8 pages] Listen
TB in Wild Asian Elephants Dr. Susan Mikota, co-founder of Elephant Care International, discusses TB in wild Asian elephants. Download [PDF - 171KB - 3 pages] Listen
Hepatitis A Virus in Transplants Dr. Monique Foster, a CDC epidemiologist, discusses an unusual case of hepatitis A virus in a transplant patient. Download [PDF - 171KB - 4 pages] Listen
Treatment Failure for Malaria in Vietnam WHO malaria expert, Dr. Charlotte Rasmussen, discusses anti-malarial drug resistance in Vietnam. Download [PDF - 162KB - 2 pages] Listen
Two Decades of Hantavirus Dr. de St. Maurice, a CDC Epidemic Intelligence Service officer, discusses hantavirus. Download [PDF - 166KB - 3 pages] Listen
Typhus in Texas Dr. Kristy Murray, an associate professor in pediatrics and assistant dean of the National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children’s Hospital, discusses increased cases of typhus in southern Texas. Download [PDF - 166KB - 3 pages] Listen
Decades of Hepatitis B Vaccination in China Dr. Stephen Hadler, deputy director for the Division of Bacterial Diseases at CDC, discusses a hepatitis B vaccination program in China. Download [PDF - 173KB - 4 pages] Listen
Emerging Infectious Diseases Cover Art Byron Breedlove, managing editor of the EID journal, discusses his approach to cover art. Download [PDF - 223KB - 4 pages] Listen
Anthrax in Vintage Animal-hair Shaving Brushes Dr. Kate Hendricks, a CDC anthrax expert, discusses anthrax in vintage shaving brushes. Download [PDF - 168KB - 3 pages] Listen
Sympatric Ehrlichiosis and Lyme Disease in New Jersey Dr. Andrea Egizi, a tick specialist, discusses ehrlichiosis and Lyme disease in New Jersey. Download [PDF - 100KB - 4 pages] Listen
Unique Measles Virus in Canada Dr. Shelley Deeks, chief of communicable diseases at Public Health Ontario, discusses a measles outbreak in Canada. Download [PDF - 174KB - 4 pages] Listen
Opiate Injection Site Infections--19 years in the UK Dan Lewer, a public health registrar in England, discusses an increase in infections related to opiate injections in the U.K. Download [PDF - 223KB - 3 pages] Listen
Global Health Security Dr. Jordan Tappero, a CDC senior advisor on global health, discusses the state of global health security. Download [PDF - 252KB - 4 pages] Listen
Legionnaires' Disease and Compost Dr. Brian Raphael, a CDC research microbiologist, discusses Legionella bacteria in compost. Download [PDF - 256KB - 4 pages] Listen
Forty Years of Salmonella enterica Dublin in People Dr. Reid Harvey, a CDC epidemiologist, discusses Salmonella enterica Dublin in People. Download [PDF - 171KB - 3 pages] Listen
Analysis of Whole-Genome Data in a Public Health Lab Dr. Kelly Oakeson, a bioinformatics and genomics research analyst with the Utah Department of Health, discusses bioinformatics and genomics research. Download [PDF - 166KB - 3 pages] Listen
Chaos in Form and Color Yields to Harmony Byron Breedlove, Managing Editor, Emerging Infectious Diseases, reads and discusses his October 2017 cover art essay. Download [PDF - 133KB - 2 pages] Listen
Anthrax, People and Dead Hippos Epidemiologist, Dr. Melissa Marx, discuses anthrax deaths in people who ate dead hippos. Download [PDF - 167KB - 3 pages] Listen
Visions of Matchstick Men and Icons of Industrialization Emerging Infectious Diseases managing editor, Byron Breedlove, discusses and reads his November 2017 cover art essay. Download [PDF - 169KB - 3 pages] Listen
Rabies Across Borders Dr. Roman Biek, with the Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, University of Glasgow, discusses rabies outbreaks in Canada from the U.S. Download [PDF - 176KB - 4 pages] Listen
Everything within a Circle Is One Thing Byron Breedlove, EID managing editor, discuses and reads his December 2017 cover essay, Everything within a Circle is One Thing. Download [PDF - 208KB - 2 pages] Listen
Antimicrobial Drug Resistance and Gonorrhea Dr. Robert Kirkcaldy, a medical officer at CDC, discusses his article on antimicrobial resistance and gonorrhea. Download [PDF - 133KB - 3 pages] Listen
Plague in Uganda Dr. Paul Mead, a medical officer at CDC, discusses his article on Plague in Uganda. Download [PDF - 168KB - 3 pages] Listen
Mycoplasma genitalium Infections Dr. Lisa Manhart, a professor of Epidemiology and Global Health with the Center for AIDS and STD at the University of Washington, discusses Mycoplasma genitalium Infections. Download [PDF - 186KB - 5 pages] Listen
An Increase in Streptococcus pneumoniae Serotype 12F Dr. Cynthia Whitney, a CDC medical doctor and Epidemiologist, discusses serotype 12F pneumoniae. Download [PDF - 186KB - 4 pages] Listen
Veterinarian Gets Flu Virus from Cats Dr. Todd Davis, a CDC research biologist, discusses transmission of avian H7N2 from a cat to a human. Download [PDF - 106KB - 6 pages] Listen
Spread of Canine Flu Dr. Colin Parrish, a Professor of Virology at the College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, discusses the spread of influenza among dogs. Download [PDF - 275KB - 4 pages] Listen
Deadly Respiratory Disease in Wild Chimpanzees Dr. Tony Goldberg, Professor of Epidemiology at the School of Veterinary Medicine and Associate Director for Research at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, Global Health Institute, discusses an outbreak of rhinovirus C in chimpanzees in Uganda. Download [PDF - 281KB - 5 pages] Listen
Ending the HIV/AIDS Pandemic Dr. Anthony Fauci, Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at NIH, discusses progress made toward ending HIV/AIDS and other pandemic infectious diseases. Download [PDF - 273KB - 4 pages] Listen
Postmortem Findings in Person with Guillain-Barré Syndrome and Zika Virus Dr. Emilio Dirlikov, an EIS officer in CDC's Center for Global Health, discusses the connection between Guillain-Barre Syndrome and Zika Virus. Download [PDF - 226 - 3 pages] Listen
Geogenomic Segregation and Temporal Trends of Human Pathogenic Escherichia coli O157:H7, Washington Dr. Gillian Tarr, a postdoctoral epidemiologist with the University of Calgary, discusses changes in E. coli populations over time in rural Washington state. Download [PDF - 271 - 4 pages] Listen
Commemorating Misadventures, Celebrating Collaborations Byron Breedlove, Managing Editor of Emerging Infectious Diseases journal, reads his February 2018 cover essay, "Commemorating Misadventures, Celebrating Collaborations" and discusses a sketch by Picasso and zoonoses. Download [PDF - 126KB - 2 pages] Listen
Macacine Herpesvirus 1 among Invasive Rhesus Macaques, Florida Dr. Samantha Wisely, Associate Professor in the Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation at the University of Florida, discusses macacine herpesvirus 1 and invasive rhesus macaques in Florida. Download [PDF - 265KB - 3 pages] Listen
History of Mosquitoborne Diseases in the United States Dr. Max Moreno, Assistant Professor of environmental health science at Indiana University discusses the history of mosquitoborne diseases in the US and the threat of their return. Download [PDF - 140KB - 5 pages] Listen
Reemergence of Intravenous Drug Use as a Risk Factor for Candidemia Dr. Stuart Levitz, a professor of medicine and microbiology at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, discusses the role of increasing IV drug use in fungal infections. Download [PDF - 270KB - 4 pages] Listen
Carbapenem-Nonsusceptible Acinetobacter baumannii Sandra Bulens, an epidemiologist with CDC discusses Acinetobacter baumannii bacteria that are resistant to carbapenem antibiotics. Download [PDF - 267KB - 3 pages] Listen
No Water, No Life Byron Breedlove, Managing Editor of the EID journal, and Dr. Todd Weber, a medical officer at CDC, discuss their April 2018 cover essay, "No Water, No Life, No Blue, No Green." Download [PDF - 33KB - 4 pages] Listen
Novel Poxvirus in Proliferative Lesions of Wild Rodents in East Central Texas Dr. Carolyn Hodo, a postdoctoral research assistant of veterinary integrated biosciences at Texas A&M University, discusses her June 2018 article, "Novel Poxvirus in Proliferative Lesions of Wild Rodents in East Central Texas, USA." Download [PDF - 60KB - 5 pages] Listen
Progress and Remaining Gaps in Estimating the Global Disease Burden of Influenza Dr. Joseph Bresee, Associate Director for Global Health, discusses the current status of influenza prevention and control. Download [PDF - 40KB - 5 pages] Listen
A Tale of Two Kitchens, Meals and Microbes Byron Breedlove, Managing Editor of the EID journal, and Martin Meltzer, a CDC senior health economist, discuss their June 2018 cover essay about microbes in the kitchen. Download [PDF - 56KB - 4 pages] Listen
Genomic Epidemiology of Global Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacter Dr. Johann Pitout, a medical microbiologist at the University of Calgary, discusses his June 2018 article about carbapenem-resistant enterobacters. Download [PDF - 50KB - 7 pages] Listen
Listeriosis Outbreaks Associated with Soft Cheeses Kelly Jackson, a surveillance coordinator at CDC, discusses Listeria infection in soft cheeses in the United States. Download [PDF - 25KB - 3 pages] Listen
Enhanced Surveillance for Coccidioidomycosis Kaitlin Benedict, a CDC epidemiologist, discusses coccidioides fungi and Valley fever. Download [PDF - 208KB - 3 pages] Listen
Nerve Palsy in Infants with Congenital Zika Syndrome Nipunie Rajapakse, a medical doctor in pediatric infectious diseases at the Mayo Clinic, discusses phrenic nerve palsy in infants with congenital Zika. Download [PDF - 41KB - 5 pages] Listen
Pneumococcal Disease in Refugee Children in Germany Stephanie Perniciaro, with the German National Reference Center, discusses invasive pneumococcal disease in refugee children in Germany. Download [PDF - 59KB - 4 pages] Listen
Global Distribution of Protoparvoviruses Dr. Eric Delwart, an investigator at the Blood Systems Research Institute, discusses the global distribution of protoparvoviruses. Download [PDF - 66KB - 6 pages] Listen
Revealing Details Reginald Tucker, production lead for the EID journal, discusses the cover art for the May 2018 issue. Download [PDF - 53KB - 2 pages] Listen
Ethics of Infection Control Dr. Babette Rump, an infectious disease physician and doctoral candidate at the RIVM National Institute of Public Health and the Environment in the Netherlands, discusses ethical issues around infection control for antimicrobial resistance. Download [PDF - 63KB - 6 pages] Listen
A Worm's Eye View Ben Taylor, cover artist for the August 2018 issue of EID, discusses how his personal experience with the Loa loa parasite influenced this painting. Download [PDF - 68KB - 6 pages] Listen
Candida auris in New York Healthcare Facilities Dr. Eleanor Adams, a public health physician with the New York Metropolitan Region Healthcare Epidemiology & Infection Control Program, discusses an outbreak of fungal infection in healthcare facilities in New York City. Download [PDF - 73KB - 3 pages] Listen
Long-Term Neurologic Aftereffects of Ebola Dr. James Sejvar, a CDC neuroepidemiologist, discusses the long-term neurologic consequences of Ebola. Download [PDF - 57KB - 5 pages] Listen
Tickborne Ehrlichia in North Carolina Dr. Ross Boyce, an infectious disease physician at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, discusses tickborne illnesses in North Carolina. Download [PDF - 29KB - 4 pages] Listen
Improving Global Public Health through Data Sharing Dr. David Heymann, a professor of infectious diseases and epidemiology at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, discusses sharing surveillance data to improve global public health. Download [PDF - 34KB - 5 pages] Listen
Risk Communication for Ebola Outbreak in Sierra Leone Maike Winters, a doctoral candidate at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, discusses the role of risk communications in the 2014 Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone. Download [PDF - 35KB - 5 pages] Listen
The Zombie Condition in Literature Dr. Joanna Verran, professor of microbiology, and Dr. Xavier Aldana Reyes, professor of English at Manchester Metropolitan University in the UK, discuss parallels between zombies in literature and emerging infectious diseases. Download [PDF - 57KB - 9 pages] Listen
Travel-related Threat of Zika Virus Transmission in California Dr. Charsey Porse, an epidemiologist with the California Department of Public Health, discusses efforts to monitor and prevent local transmission of Zika. Download [PDF - 143KB - 5 pages] Listen
WWI and the 1918 Flu Pandemic CDC's Dr. Terence Chorba discusses his EID cover art essay about the 1918 flu pandemic and the WWI painting by John Singer Sargent. Download [PDF - 48KB - 6 pages] Listen
Using Genomic Data to Find the Source of Salmonella enterica Typhimurium Dr. Xiangyu Deng, an assistant professor at the University of Georgia, discusses the use of genomic sequencing to identify the source of salmonella infection. Download [PDF - 57KB - 4 pages] Listen
The Mother of All Pandemics Dr. David Morens, of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, discusses the 1918 influenza pandemic. Download [PDF - 48K - 7 pages] Listen
Community Interventions for Pregnant Women with Zika Virus in Puerto Rico Dr. Giulia Earle-Richardson, a behavioral scientist at CDC, discusses interventions to prevent Zika in pregnant women in Puerto Rico. Download [PDF - 55KB - 8 pages] Listen
A Koala Bite Wound and Lonepinella Infection Dr. Holly Sinclair, medical doctor in clinical microbiology and infectious diseases at Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, discusses a new type of infection spread through the bite of koalas. Download [PDF - 36KB - 5 pages] Listen
Bird Migration and West Nile Virus in the U.S. Dr. Alan Barrett, Professor and Vice Chair for Research, in the Department of Pathology of University of Texas, Medical Branch, discusses how bird migratory patterns affect West Nile virus outbreaks in the U.S. Download [PDF - 34KB - 5 pages] Listen
Cryptococcus gattii in the Southeastern U.S. Dr. Shawn Lockhart, a lead research microbiologist at CDC, discusses the history of the fungus Cryptococcus gattii in the southeastern United States. Download [PDF - 41KB - 6 pages] Listen
Will Letter Grades in NYC Help prevent Salmonella Infections? Melanie Firestone, a PhD candidate at the University of Minnesota School of Public Health, discusses the use of letter grades for restaurant inspection scores in New York City. Download [PDF - 23KB - 3 pages] Listen
Neglected Hosts of Small Ruminant Morbillivirus Dr. Claudia Schulz, a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Veterinary Medicine in Hanover, Germany, discusses the role of pigs and wild boars as hosts of small ruminant morbillivirus. Download [PDF - 52KB - 7 pages] Listen
Tuberculosis Surveillance and Control in Puerto Rico Dr. Emilio Dirlikov, a CDC epidemiologist, discusses his historical review of tuberculosis surveillance and control in Puerto Rico. Download [PDF - 77KB - 8 pages] Listen
In Memoriam: Katrin Kohl Dr. Nina Marano and Dr. Steve Waterman of CDC discuss the life and public health contributions of their CDC colleague, Dr. Katrin Kohl, who died unexpectedly in 2018 at the age of 54. Download [PDF - 48KB - 6 pages] Listen
Zika IgM Detection a Year or More after Illness Isabel Griffin, an outbreak epidemiologist at the Florida Department of Health in Miami, discusses the surprising long duration of IgM antibodies in Zika patients. Download [PDF - 37KB - 5 pages] Listen
Developing Biological Reference Materials to Prepare for Epidemics Dr. Tommy Rampling, a clinician and academic fellow at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases in London, discusses the need for biological reference materials to prepare for high-threat pathogens. Download [PDF - 45KB - 7 pages] Listen
Macrophage Activation Associated with Ebola Dr. Anita McElroy, a pediatric infectious disease physician and scientist at the University of Pittsburg and a guest researcher at CDC, discusses her article about macrophages, an infection-fighting cell, and their connection with Ebola. Download [PDF - 35KB - 5 pages] Listen
Meningitis in U.S. Colleges Dr. Heidi Soeters, an epidemiologist at CDC, discusses new vaccines for preventing certain types of meningococcal diseases. Download [PDF - 38KB - 6 pages] Listen
Rabbit Fever in Organ Transplant Recipients Dr. Matthew Kuehnert, medical director for MTF Biologics, the nation's largest tissue bank, and an Associate Editor for the EID journal, discusses how rabbit fever was spread to three patients who received organ transplants. Download [PDF - 149KB - 6 pages] Listen
Plague in a Dog Dr. Joshua Daniels, a bacteriologist and associate professor of diagnostic bacteriology at Colorado State University's Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, discusses an unusual case of pneumonic plague in a dog. Download [PDF - 47KB - 8 pages] Listen
Infectious Diseases in the Workplace Dr. Marie de Perio, a physician and an infectious disease expert with the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, discusses her article about how infectious diseases can spread in the workplace. Download [PDF - 30KB - 4 pages] Listen
The Red Boy, the Black Cat Byron Breedlove, managing editor of Emerging Infectious Diseases, discusses the June 2019 EID cover artwork, which is a painting by Goya. Download [PDF - 299KB - 3 pages] Listen
Monitoring Chikungunya with Big Data Dr. Joacim Rocklöv, a professor in the Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine at Umeå University in Sweden, discusses using big data to monitor a 2017 outbreak of Chikungunya in Europe. Download [PDF - 36KB - 5 pages] Listen
African Swine Fever in Pigs from Feed and Liquid Dr. Megan Niederwerder, an assistant professor of virology at Kansas State University, discusses her article about how pigs can get African swine fever by what they eat or drink. Download [PDF - 63KB - 6 pages] Listen
Research Progress on a Vaccine to Protect against Nipah Virus Disease in an Animal Model Dr. Thomas Geisbert, a professor in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at the University of Texas Medical Branch, discusses a vaccine to protect against Nipah virus disease. Download [PDF - 70KB - 7 pages] Listen
Lyme Disease and Connected Landscapes, New York City Meredith VanAcker, a PhD candidate in the Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology at Columbia University, discusses how city parks impact your chances of getting Lyme disease. Download [PDF - 74KB - 7 pages] Listen
Emergence of MDR Campylobacter jejuni bacterium Dr. Bruno Lopes, a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Aberdeen, discusses an antimicrobial-resistant strain of Campylobacter jejuni in poultry. Download [PDF - 101KB - 7 pages] Listen
Effect of PCV on Pneumococcal Meningitis Dr. Shamez Ladhani, a pediatric infectious diseases specialist and clinical lead for vaccine-preventable diseases at Public Health England, discusses the effect of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines on reducing meningitis in the U.K. Download [PDF - 84KB - 10 pages] Listen
Candida auris outbreaks, Colombia Dr. Brendan Jackson, a medical epidemiologist at CDC, discusses Candida auris infections in hospitals in Colombia. Download [PDF - 87KB - 10 pages] Listen
Cross-Protection of Dengue against Zika Sarah Gregory talks with Dr. Felix Drexler, an expert in virus discovery and viral ecology at Charité, a teaching hospital in Germany. They are discussing the ways that dengue infection might protect against Zika syndrome. Download [PDF - 58KB - 9 pages] Listen
Polio: Risks for the Posteradication Era Dr. Ananda Bandyopadhyay, a senior program officer for polio research at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, discusses the need to prevent risk from poliovirus after eradication. Download [PDF - 87KB - 10 pages] Listen
In Memoriam: Mike Schultz Dr. David Morens, a senior advisor at NIH, and Dr. Rohit Chitale, a senior consultant to PATH, remember their late colleague, Dr. Myron "Mike" Schultz, who was an epidemiologist in CDC's Global Disease Detection Program. He was also a longtime contributor to journal and an enthusiastic author of the EID Photo Quiz. Download [PDF - 100KB - 11 pages] Listen
Canine Influenza Virus A(H3N2), Ontario Dr. Scott Weese, a veterinary internist at the University of Guelph in Canada, and Sarah Gregory discuss an outbreak of flu in dogs in Ontario. Download [PDF - 82KB - 9 pages] Listen
Outbreak of Listeriosis Associated with Packaged Leafy Green Salads, U.S. and Canada, 2015–16 Dr. Julie Self, an epidemiologist at CDC discusses an outbreak of listeriosis in the U.S. and Canada that was spread through packaged leafy greens. Download [PDF - 62KB - 6 pages] Listen
Ceftriaxone-Resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Canada, 2018 Dr. Byron Berenger, a medical microbiologist at the University of Calgary and Alberta Public Laboratories, and Sarah Gregory discuss a drug-resistant form of gonorrhea. Download [PDF - 51KB - 7 pages] Listen
Susceptibility of Influenza A, B, C, and D Viruses to Baloxavir Dr. Larisa Gubareva, a researcher in the Influenza Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, and Sarah Gregory, discuss the susceptibility of different types of flu viruses to the drug baloxavir. Download [PDF - 62KB - 5 pages] Listen
Possible Prognostic Value of Serial Brain MRIs in Powassan Virus Encephalitis Dr. Joshua Allgaier, a hospitalist at Baystate Medical Center Massachusetts, and Sarah Gregory discuss the value of using MRIs in the treatment of people with Powassan virus. Download [PDF - 68KB - 6 pages] Listen
Outbreak of Peste des Petits Ruminants among Critically Endangered Mongolian Saiga and Other Wild Ungulates, Mongolia Dr. Corrie Brown, a distinguished professor of veterinary pathology at the College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Georgia, and Sarah Gregory discuss large-scale die-offs among saiga antelopes. Download [PDF - 71KB - 7 pages] Listen
Global Epidemiology of Diphtheria CDC's Commander Kristie Clarke, a medical epidemiologist, discusses diphtheria with Sarah Gregory. Download [PDF - 49KB - 7 pages] Listen
Enteroviruses and Acute Flaccid Myelitis Dr. Erin Graf, Director of the Infectious Disease Diagnostics Lab at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and Sarah Gregory discuss the link between acute flaccid myelitis and certain enteroviruses. Download [PDF - 78KB - 8 pages] Listen
Cost-effectiveness of Prophylactic Zika Vaccine Dr. Affan Shoukat, a mathematical epidemiologist and modeling postdoctoral associate at the Centers for Disease Modeling and Analysis at Yale University, and Sarah Gregory discuss the cost-effectiveness of providing a vaccine to prevent Zika in the Americas. Download [PDF - 69KB - 7 pages] Listen
Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Respiratory Viruses Dr. Ben Cowling, editor-in-chief of Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses and an associate editor for the Emerging Infectious Diseases journal, and Sarah Gregory discuss nonpharmaceutical ways to prevent the spread of pandemic flu and COVID-19. Download [PDF - 97KB - 12 pages] Listen
Leishmaniasis Control in Canines Dr. Domenico Otranto, a professor of human and animal parasitic diseases at the University of Bari in Italy, and Sarah Gregory discuss how to control the spread of leishmaniasis, life-threatening disease in humans often carried by dogs. Download [PDF - 73KB - 8 pages] Listen
Epidemics in Movies Dr. Daniel Curtis, an associate professor specializing in social responses to historical diseases at Erasmus University in the Netherlands, and Sarah Gregory discuss how people in movies react to epidemic disease outbreaks. Download [PDF - 56KB - 5 pages] Listen
Making a Simple Respiratory Mask Dr. Virginia Dato, a physician board certified in public health and general preventive medicine, and Sarah Gregory discuss how to construct a simple respiratory face mask with easily available materials. Download [PDF - 123KB - 6 pages] Listen
A US SARS-CoV-2 patient Natalie Thornburg, a research microbiologist at CDC, and Sarah Gregory discuss better ways to understand, prevent, and control SARS-CoV-2 Download [PDF - 151KB - 7 pages] Listen
Anaplasmosis in Maine Dr. Susan Elias, a scientist in the Lyme and Vector-borne Disease Laboratory at the Maine Medical Center Research Institute, and Sarah Gregory discuss an increase in cases of the tickborne disease anaplasmosis in Maine. Download [PDF - 179KB - 9 pages] Listen
MERS Transmission Dr. Marie Killerby, an epidemiologist at CDC, and Sarah Gregory discuss how Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-a coronavirus-can be transmitted from camels and between people. Download [PDF - 133KB - 5 pages] Listen
Ebola Vaccine and Pregnancy Jennifer Legardy-Williams, a health scientist at CDC, and Sarah Gregory discuss the effect on pregnancy outcomes for women receiving an Ebola vaccine in Sierra Leone. Download [PDF - 121KB - 7 pages] Listen
How Technology and Policy Helped Taiwan Fight Covid-19 Dr. Jewel Mullen, Associate Dean for Health Equity at the Dell Medical School of the University of Texas, and Sarah Gregory discuss how Taiwan used internet technology to help make policy decisions for controlling the spread of COVID-19. Download [PDF - 133KB - 9 pages] Listen
Contagiousness and Spread of SARS-CoV-2 Dr. Ruian Ke, a scientist at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, and Sarah Gregory discuss how quickly COVID-19 spreads and possible steps to control it. Download [PDF - 155KB - 7 pages] Listen
Presymptomatic and Asymptomatic Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 Nathan Furukawa, a CDC Epidemic Intelligence Service officer, and Sarah Gregory discuss evidence that people who have coronavirus disease without symptoms can still spread the disease. Download [PDF - 193KB - 13 pages] Listen
A Critique of Coronavirus Dr. Elana Osen, a specialty registrar at St. George's University Hospital in London, and Sarah Gregory discuss the poem she wrote expressing her feelings about COVID-19. Download [PDF - 118KB - 5 pages] Listen
Legionella in Tap Water from the Flint River Dr. Amy Pruden, a professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Virginia Tech, and Sarah Gregory discuss Legionella bacteria in the Flint, Michigan water supply. Download [PDF - 131KB - 8 pages] Listen
Neurologic Complications Associated with Coronavirus Dr. Karima Benameur, a neurologist and associate professor in the Department of Neurology at Emory School of Medicine, and Sarah Gregory discuss neurologic complications from coronavirus disease. Download [PDF - 104KB - 4 pages] Listen
Telework during Epidemic Respiratory Illness Dr. Faruque Ahmed, an epidemiologist at CDC, and Sarah Gregory discuss the effect of paid leave and teleworking on keeping employees home during infectious respiratory illnesses. Download [PDF - 128KB - 4 pages] Listen
Leishmaniasis in US-Born Dog Dr. Marcos de Almeida, a scientist at CDC, and Sarah Gregory discuss a case of leishmaniasis in a dog born in the United States. Download [PDF - 126KB - 5 pages] Listen
Animal Exposure and Human Plague Alison Hinckley, an epidemiologist with CDC in Fort Collins, Colorado, and Sarah Gregory discuss the role of animals in spreading human plague. Download [PDF - 106KB - 5 pages] Listen
TB in Internationally Displaced Children in Texas Dr. Gabriella Lamb, an assistant in medicine at Boston Children's Hospital, and Sarah Gregory discuss tuberculosis testing in internationally displaced children in Texas. Download [PDF - 127KB - 8 pages] Listen
SARS-CoV 2 in Children and Teenagers Dr. Isabella Eckerle, head of the Center for Emerging Viral Diseases at the University of Geneva, and Sarah Gregory discuss what we now know about COVID-19 in children and teens. Download [PDF - 112KB - 5 pages] Listen
SARS-CoV-2 in Aerosol Suspension Dr. Chad Roy, a professor at Tulane University School of Medicine, and Sarah Gregory discuss how long the SARS-CoV-2 virus can last suspended in the air. Download [PDF - 156KB - 12 pages] Listen
Partnering to Solve Foodborne Outbreak in Massachusetts Quynh Vo, an epidemiologist at the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, and Sarah Gregory discuss how epidemiologists and laboratorians teamed to find the foodborne source of Salmonella in an outbreak in Massachusetts. Download [PDF - 109KB - 5 pages] Listen
Two Ways of Tracking C. diff in Switzerland Sarah Tschudin-Sutter, a professor of infectious disease epidemiology at the University Hospital - Basel in Switzerland, and Sarah Gregory discuss two different surveillance measures that can be used to detect the bacterium Clostridioides difficile. Download [PDF - 109KB - 5 pages] Listen
A Decade of E. coli Outbreaks in Leafy Greens in the U.S. and Canada Katherine Marshall, an epidemiologist at CDC, and Sarah Gregory discuss E. coli outbreaks in leafy greens in the United States and Canada from 2009 to 2018. Download [PDF - 171KB - 11 pages] Listen
Syphilis in Maria Salviati-16th Century Royalty Dr. Antonio Fornaciari, a postdoctoral fellow in the history of medicine and paleopathology at the University of Pisa in Italy, and Sarah Gregory discuss a case of syphilis in a royal woman in 16th century Florence. Download [PDF - 303KB - 8 pages] Listen
Legionnaires' Disease in Healthcare Settings-Europe Dr. Julien Beauté, a medical epidemiologist at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, and Sarah Gregory discuss Legionnaires' disease in healthcare settings in Europe from 2008-2017. Download [PDF - 238KB - 9 pages] Listen
Enterovirus D68 and Acute Flaccid Myelitis, 2020 Dr. Sarah Kidd, a medical epidemiologist at CDC, and Sarah Gregory discuss acute flaccid myelitis and its relationship with enterovirus D68. Download [PDF - 145KB - 6 pages] Listen
Livestock, Phages, MRSA, and People in Denmark Dr. Jesper Larsen, a senior researcher at the Statens Serum Institut, and Sarah Gregory discuss livestock-associated MRSA in community and healthcare settings. Download [PDF - 127KB - 6 pages] Listen
Nowcasting Influenza Locally in Sweden Dr. Armin Spreco, a researcher at Linköping University in Sweden, and Sarah Gregory discuss the use of nowcasting to detect timing and spread of flu epidemics. Download [PDF - 134KB - 6 pages] Listen
Populations Dynamic Trends of E. coli Dr. Johann Pitout, an EID associate editor and medical microbiologist, and Sarah Gregory discuss trends of antimicrobial resistance in E. coli. Download [PDF - 207KB - 11 pages] Listen
Preventing Zika Infection During Pregnancy, Puerto Rico, 2016-17 Dr. Katherine Kortsmit, an epidemiologist at CDC, and Sarah Gregory discuss protective measures used by women to prevent Zika during the 2016-17 outbreak. Download [PDF - 166KB - 5 pages] Listen
How and Why Social Distancing Works Dr. Laura Matrajt, a research associate at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, and Sarah Gregory discuss how and why social distancing works to help control the spread of COVID-19. Download [PDF - 114KB - 6 pages] Listen
Unusual Outbreak of Rift Valley Fever in Sudan Dr. Ayman Ahmed, a scientist at the University of Texas Medical Branch and a lecturer at the Institute of Endemic Diseases in Sudan, and Sarah Gregory discuss an unusual outbreak of Rift Valley Fever in Sudan during 2019. Download [PDF - 141KB - 8 pages] Listen
Mycoplasma bovis Outbreak in Pronghorns-Wyoming Dr. Kerry Sondgeroth, a veterinary bacteriologist at the Wyoming State Veterinary Laboratory and an associate professor at the University of Wyoming, and Sarah Gregory discuss a high-mortality outbreak of Mycoplasma bovis in free-ranging pronghorn in Wyoming. Download [PDF - 194KB - 7 pages] Listen
Endotheliopathy and Platelet Dysfunction as Hallmarks of Fatal Lassa Fever Dr. Brian Sullivan, a researcher and instructor at La Jolla Institute for Immunology, and Sarah Gregory discuss endotheliopathy and platelet dysfunction in Lassa fever. Download [PDF - 163KB - 7 pages] Listen
TB among Children and Teens at HIV Treatment Centers in Africa Dr. Anna Mandalakas, director of the Global Tuberculosis Program at Texas Children's Hospital and Baylor College of Medicine, and Sarah Gregory discuss tuberculosis among children and teens with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. Download [PDF - 78KB - 7 pages] Listen
Sickness Transmitted by Food and Water Dr. Elizabeth Beshearse, a CDC epidemiologist, and Sarah Gregory discuss how sickness is transmitted by food and by water. Download [PDF - 83KB - 7 pages] Listen
Infectious Waterborne Disease in the United States Sarah Collier, a CDC epidemiologist, and Sarah Gregory discuss the health burden of waterborne disease in the United States. Download [PDF - 124KB - 9 pages] Listen
Role of Oral Rabies Vaccines in Eliminating Death in People from Dog Bites Dr. Ryan Wallace, a CDC veterinary epidemiologist, and Sarah Gregory discuss the use of oral rabies vaccination in stray dog populations. Download [PDF - 122KB - 12 pages] Listen
Tracking Lyme Disease in the United States Dr. Kiersten Kugeler, a CDC epidemiologist, and Sarah Gregory discuss the use of commercial data to estimate trends and frequencies of Lyme disease in the United States. Download [PDF - 172KB - 9 pages] Listen
Lyme Disease in Treeless Islands of Scotland Dr. Caroline Millins, a research fellow at the University of Liverpool, and Sarah Gregory discuss Lyme disease in treeless islands of Scotland. Download [PDF - 133KB - 8 pages] Listen
Tracking Canine Enteric Coronavirus in the UK Dr. Alan Radford, a professor of veterinary health informatics at the University of Liverpool, and Sarah Gregory discuss an enteric coronavirus in dogs and how it was discovered. Download [PDF - 83KB - 6 pages] Listen
Preventive Therapy for At-Home Exposure to Drug-Resistant TB, Pakistan Dr. Amyn Malik, an epidemiologist and postdoctoral associate at Yale University, and Sarah Gregory discuss the use of preventive therapy for at-home exposure to drug-resistant TB. Download [PDF - 141KB - 6 pages] Listen
Tracking Bordetella pertussis, Austria, 2018-20 Dr. Adriana Cabal Rosel, a public health microbiologist at the Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety, and Sarah Gregory discuss the use of a new surveillance system to track increased cases of Bordetella pertussis in Austria. Download [PDF - 225KB - 9 pages] Listen
Farmer Infected with Avian-Like Swine Influenza Dr. Kristien Van Reeth, a professor of virology at Ghent University in Belgium, and Sarah Gregory discuss a case of avian-like swine influenza in a pig farmer in the Netherlands. Download [PDF - 77KB - 6 pages] Listen
Oral HPV Infection in Children, Finland Dr. Stina Syrjänen, a professor and chairman emerita at the University of Turku and chief physician in the Department of Pathology at Turku University Hospital in Finland, and Sarah Gregory discuss the transmission and prevalence of oral HPV infection in children. Download [PDF - 231KB - 13 pages] Listen
People with Covid-19, in and out of Hospitals, Atlanta, Georgia Dr. Kristen Pettrone, an Epidemic Intelligence Service officer at CDC, and Sarah Gregory discuss the characteristics of hospitalized and nonhospitalized patients with COVID-19 in Atlanta. Download [PDF - 173KB - 8 pages] Listen
40 Years of Brain Infection Caused by Amebae in Recreational Water, United States Dr. Jennifer Cope, a medical epidemiologist at CDC, and Sarah Gregory discuss trends in recreational water exposure associated with primary amebic meningoencephalitis in the United States. Download [PDF - 101KB - 9 pages] Listen
Isolation Cocoon, May 2020—After Zhuangzi's Butterfly Dream Dr. Ron Louie, a clinical professor in Pediatrics Hematology-Oncology at the University of Washington in Seattle, and Sarah Gregory discuss his poem, "Isolation Cocoon, May 2020-After Zhuangzi's Butterfly Dream," which was inspired by the early events of the COVID pandemic. Download [PDF - 55KB - 3 pages] Listen
Animal Reservoirs for Emerging Coronaviruses Dr. Ria Ghai, an associate service fellow at CDC, and Sarah Gregory discuss how animals can serve as reservoirs for emerging coronaviruses. Download [PDF - 86KB - 9 pages] Listen
Tick Bite Infections in Austria Dr. Mateusz Markowicz, a researcher at the Medical University of Vienna in Austria, and Sarah Gregory discuss the risk of tickborne infections after a tick bite. Download [PDF - 77KB - 6 pages] Listen
Reflections on 40 Years of AIDS Dr. Kevin De Cock, whose distinguished career includes director of CDC Kenya and director of WHO HIV/AIDS, with Emerging Infectious Diseases Editor-in-Chief Dr. Peter Drotman, and Sarah Gregory discuss the history of HIV/AIDS, and what we've learned along the past 40 years. Download [PDF - 179KB - 8 pages] Listen
Global Trends in Norovirus among Children Dr. Jan Vinjé, a research microbiologist and the head of CDC's National Calicivirus Laboratory, and Sarah Gregory discuss trends of norovirus in children around the world. Download [PDF - 193KB - 6 pages] Listen
Ebola Virus in Southern Mali Dr. Heinz Feldmann, chief of the Laboratory of Virology at NIAID at NIH in Rocky Mountain Laboratories in Montana, and Sarah Gregory discuss Ebola virus prevalence in southern Mali. Download [PDF - 190KB - 9 pages] Listen
Laboratory-Associated Zika Virus, United States Dr. Susan Hills, a medical epidemiologist at CDC in Fort Collins, Colorado, and Sarah Gregory discuss cases of laboratory-associated Zika virus disease in the United States. Download [PDF - 61KB - 7 pages] Listen
AMR Nontyphoidal Salmonella Infections, United States Dr. Felicita Medalla, an epidemiologist here at CDC in Atlanta, Georgia, and Sarah Gregory discuss the increase of antimicrobial-resistant nontyphoidal Salmonella infections in the U.S. Download [PDF - 82KB - 7 pages] Listen
Brucella Found in Unpasteurized Camel Milk, Israel Dr. Jacob Moran-Gilad, a professor of clinical microbiology at Ben-Gurion University of Negev in Israel, and Sarah Gregory discuss an outbreak of human brucellosis associated with unpasteurized, commercially-sold camel milk. Download [PDF - 52KB - 7 pages] Listen
Leishmaniases in the European Union and Neighboring Countries Dr. Celine Gossner, an expert in emerging and vectorborne diseases at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control in Stockholm, Sweden, and Sarah Gregory discuss animal and human leishmaniases in the European Union. Download [PDF - 244KB - 7 pages] Listen
Fatal Human Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus Infection, Alabama Dr. Holly Hughes, a research microbiologist at CDC in Fort Collins, Colorado, and Sarah Gregory discuss a case of eastern equine encephalitis virus infection in Alabama. Download [PDF - 58KB - 7 pages] Listen
Museum Snakes Preserved in 1945 Found To Contain Fungal Pathogens Dr. Jeffrey Lorch, a diagnostic microbiologist and research scientist at the U.S. Geological Survey National Wildlife Health Center in Madison, Wisconsin, and Sarah Gregory discuss the history of snake fungal disease in wild snake populations through museum specimens. Download [PDF - 95KB - 9 pages] Listen
Comparison of Lyme Disease in the United States and Europe Dr. Adriana Marques, chief of Lyme Disease Studies at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases in Bethesda, Maryland, and Sarah Gregory discuss Lyme disease and how it differs between the U.S. and in Europe. Download [PDF - 53KB - 7 pages] Listen
Speaking of Science through Art and Storytelling Byron Breedlove, the managing editor of the CDC's Emerging Infectious Diseases journal, and Sarah Gregory discuss the development and evolution of EID journal cover essays. Download [PDF - 97KB - 8 pages] Listen
Control Strategies for Taenia solium Cysticercosis, Peru Dr. Seth O'Neal, an associate professor of epidemiology at Oregon Health & Science University in Portland, Oregon, and Sarah Gregory discuss control strategies for Taenia solium cysticercosis in people and pigs in Peru. Download [PDF - 162KB - 14 pages] Listen
Emergence of Anaplasmosis in New York, 2010-2018 Melissa Prusinski, a research scientist and laboratory supervisor at the New York State Department of Health, and Sarah Gregory discuss cases of anaplasmosis in New York during 2010-2018. Download [PDF - 93KB - 10 pages] Listen
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