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Volume 12, Number 11—November 2006


Etymologia: chikungunya

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EID Etymologia: chikungunya. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12(11):1772.
AMA Etymologia: chikungunya. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2006;12(11):1772. doi:10.3201/eid1211.ET1211.
APA (2006). Etymologia: chikungunya. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 12(11), 1772.


From the language of the Makonde, northern Mozambique and southeast Tanzania (often misattributed to Swahili), "that which bends up." Chikungunya refers to the stooped posture that develops as a result of arthritic symptoms. A self-limiting disease, chikungunya is caused by an alphavirus spread by the bite of Aedes mosquitoes. Though not generally fatal, the disease can be severe. A widespread outbreak in islands of the Indian Ocean, begun in February 2005, has caused >200 deaths.Sources: Dorland's illustrated medical dictionary. 30th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2003 and

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DOI: 10.3201/eid1211.ET1211

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Table of Contents – Volume 12, Number 11—November 2006