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Volume 12, Number 2—February 2006


Rotavirus and Severe Childhood Diarrhea

Umesh D. Parashar*Comments to Author , Christopher J. Gibson*, Joseph S. Bresee*, and Roger I. Glass*
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Main Article


Percentage of diarrhea hospitalizations attributable to rotavirus for countries in different World Bank income groups, 1986–1999 and 2000–2004

Income group Median % (interquartile range) of diarrhea-associated hospitalizations due to rotavirus
1986–1999 2000–2004
Low 20 (16–27) 39 (28–45)
Low middle 25 (20–33) 40 (32–43)
High middle 31 (25–42) 38 (35–45)
High 34 (28–38) 44 (40–50)
Total* 21 (17–28) 39 (29–45)

*The overall median was calculated by taking a weighted average of the median rotavirus detection rate for each income group. The weights applied to each group corresponded to that group's proportion of global diarrheal deaths: 85% for low-income countries, 13% for low-middle–income countries, 2% for high-middle–income countries, and <1% for high-income countries.

Main Article