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Volume 12, Number 3—March 2006


Bartonella Spp. in Pets and Effect on Human Health

Bruno B. Chomel*Comments to Author , Henri-Jean Boulouis†, Soichi Maruyama‡, and Edward B. Breitschwerdt§
Author affiliations: *University of California School of Veterinary Medicine, Davis, California, USA; †Microbiologie-Immunologie, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort, Maisons-Alfort, France; ‡Nihon University, Kanagawa, Japan; §North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA

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Table 1

Species and subspecies of Bartonella that are confirmed or potential human pathogens

Bartonella sp. Primary reservoir Vector Accidental host Reference
B. bacilliformis Human Sandfly (Lutzomia verrucarum) None (1,2)
B. quintana Human Body louse (Pediculus humanis) Cat, dog, monkey (13, P. Kelly et al., unpub. data)*
B. elizabethae Rat (Rattus norvegicus) Oriental rat flea (Xenopsylla cheopis) Human, dog (2)
B. grahamii Wild mice (Clethrionomys glareolus, Microtus agrestis, Apodemus flavicollis) Rodent fleas Human (1,2)
B. henselae Cat (Felis catus) Cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis) Human, dog (1,2)
B. clarridgeiae Cat Cat flea Human?, dog (1,2)
B. koehlerae Cat Cat flea Human (2,4)
B. vinsonii berkhoffii Coyote (Canis latrans), dog (C. familiaris) Unknown (ticks?) Human (5,6)
B. vinsonii arupensis White-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus) Unknown (fleas?, ticks?) Human (1,2)
B. washoensis California ground squirrel (Spermophilus beecheyii) Unknown (fleas?) Human, dog (2)
B. alsatica Rabbit Unknown (flea?) Human (D. Raoult, pers. comm.)

*Also reported by O'Rourke LG, Pitulle C, Hegarty BC, Kraycirik S, Killary KA, Grosenstein P, et al. Bartonella quintana in cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis). Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11:1931-4.

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