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Volume 12, Number 6—June 2006

Temple Monkeys and Health Implications of Commensalism, Kathmandu, Nepal

Lisa Jones-Engel*Comments to Author , Gregory Engel*†, John Heidrich‡, Mukesh Chalise§¶, Narayan Poudel#, Raphael Viscidi**, Peter A. Barry††, Jonathan S. Allan‡‡, Richard Grant*, and Randy Kyes*
Author affiliations: *University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA; †Swedish Providence Family Medicine Residency, Seattle, Washington, USA; ‡University of New Mexico Medical School, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA; §Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal; ¶Nepal Biodiversity Research Society, Kathmandu, Nepal; #Department of National Park and Wildlife Conservation, Kathmandu, Nepal; **Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA; ††University of California, Davis, California, USA; ‡‡Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research, San Antonio, Texas, USA

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Table 2

Seroprevalence of select enzootic simian viruses among Swoyambhu rhesus macaques*†

Characteristic n RhCMV (% ELISA-reactive) SV40 (% EIA-reactive) CHV-1 (% ELISA-reactive) SFV (% WB-reactive)
Male 17 94.1 94.1 64.7 94.1
Female 22 95.5 86.4 63.6 100.0
Juvenile 13 84.6 76.9 23.1 92.3
Subadult 7 100.0 100.0 42.9 100.0
Adult 19 100.0 94.7 100.0 100.0
Total 39 94.9 89.7 64.1 97.4

*RhCMV, rhesus cytomegalovirus; ELISA, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; SV40, simian virus 40; EIA, enzyme immunoassay; CHV-1, cercopithecine herpesvirus 1; SFV, simian foamy virus; WB, Western blot.
†Seven samples were ELISA-positive for simian retrovirus (SRV); 4 of these were indeterminate on WB, and 3 were negative. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) failed to amplify SRV from any sample. Nine samples were ELISA-positive for simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV), but none were positive on immunoblot, and nested PCR detected no STLV DNA. None of the samples was reactive to simian immunodeficiency virus.

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