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Volume 13, Number 2—February 2007


Waterborne Toxoplasmosis, Northeastern Brazil

Jorg Heukelbach*†Comments to Author , Vanessa Meyer-Cirkel‡, Rômulo César Sabóia Moura§, Márcia Gomide*, José Ajax Nogueira Queiroz*, Peter Saweljew¶, and Oliver Liesenfeld‡
Author affiliations: *Federal University of Ceará School of Medicine, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil; †James Cook University School of Public Health, Tropical Medicine, and Rehabilitation Sciences, Townsville, Queensland, Australia; ‡Charité Medical School, Berlin, Germany; §Mandacaru Foundation, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil; ¶Biomérieux, Nürtingen, Germany;

Main Article


Multivariate logistic regression analysis of factors associated with infection with Toxoplasma gondii in pregnant women, northeastern Brazil

Independent variableAdjusted odds ratio95% Confidence intervalp value
Regular consumption of homemade ice3.101.53–6.240.002
Having feral cats in yard1.720.85–3.470.13
Being of low socioeconomic status*0.940.77–1.140.5
Living on an unpaved street0.500.23–1.070.07
Free-ranging chickens in yard0.400.19–0.810.01
Consumption of cow milk0.420.16–1.100.08
Consumption of cheese0.470.25–0.900.02
Consumption of ice cream0.590.31–1.110.10
Consumption of chicken0.220.057–1.300.10

*According to an ordinal socioeconomic score from 0 to 10.

Main Article