Exposure to Novel Parainfluenza Virus and Clinical Relevance in 2 Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) Populations
, Rebecca Rivera‡, Cynthia R. Smith*, Jeremiah T. Saliki§, Shannon Caseltine§1
, Judy A. St. Leger¶, Pam Yochem‡, Randall S. Wells#, and Hendrik Nollens‡**
Author affiliations: *US Navy Marine Mammal Program, San Diego, California, USA; ‡G2 Software Systems, Inc., San Diego, California, USA; ‡Hubbs-SeaWorld Research Institute, San Diego, California, USA; §Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA; ¶SeaWorld, San Diego, California, USA; #Chicago Zoological Society c/o Mote Marine Laboratory, Sarasota, Florida, USA; **University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA;
Figure 1. Sample series of parainfluenza virus (PIV) antibody optical density in the positive control bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) during time of respiratory illness and multiple positive viral isolations from grossly affected lung.
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