Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 15, Number 4—April 2009

Rift Valley Fever, Mayotte, 2007–2008

Daouda SissokoComments to Author , Claude Giry, Philippe Gabrie, Arnaud Tarantola, François Pettinelli, Louis Collet, Eric D’Ortenzio, Philippe Renault, and Vincent Pierre
Author affiliations: Cellule Interrégionale d’Épidémiologie de la Réunion et Mayotte, la Réunion (D. Sissoko, E. D’Ortenzio, P. Renault, V. Pierre); Centre Hospitalier de Mayotte, Mayotte (C. Giry, P. Gabrie, F. Pettinelli, L. Collet); Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Saint Maurice, France (A. Tarantola)

Main Article


Epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory findings of 10 case-patients with confirmed recent Rift Valley fever virus infection, Mayotte, France, September 2007–May 2008*

Case-patient no. Age, y/sex, occupation Identified source of exposure(s) Onset date; early signs and symptoms Laboratory findings
1 47/M, gardener Herding animals 2007 Sep 27; 1-day history of fever, arthralgia, body pain RT-PCR positive, AST 9N, ALT 4N
2 42/F, shopkeeper Contact with aborted animal 2008 Jan 5; 2-day history of fever, headache, malaise RT-PCR positive
3 21/M, unknown Unknown 2008 Jan 19; chronic hepatitis B, 3-day-history of fever, arthralpgia, and headache RT-PCR positive, AST 4 N, ALT 3N, elevated CPK level, thrombocytopenia
4 19/M, farmer and herder of animals Milked animal 2008 Jan 21; 2-day history of fever, joint pain, headache, malaise RT-PCR positive
5 16/M, student Killed and skinned sick animals 2008 Jan 21; 2-day history of fever, joint pain, headache RT-PCR positive
6 44/M, unemployed Mosquito breeding sites in rural household 2008 Mar 13; 2-day history of fever, body aches; hepatic encephalopathy RT-PCR positive (threshold values), RVF IgM positive
7 19/M, student Undetermined 2008 Mar 19; 1-day history of fever, myalgia, retro-orbital pain, joint pain, body aches, malaise RT-PCR positive
8 24/M, handyman Numerous mosquito breeding sites in household 2008 Mar 28; 5-day history of fever, joint pain, myalgia, nausea/vomiting RT-PCR positive at threshold, RVF IgM positive, thrombocyopenia
9 32/M, construction worker Mosquito breeding sites in rural household 2008 May 5; 7-day history of fever, myalgia, joint and body pain, malaise RVF IgM positive, elevated ALT, AST, and CPK levels
10 53/M, farmer Slaughtering and butchering animals 2008 May 14; 5-day history of fever, joint pain, body aches and symptoms of right-sided heart failure, discharge diagnosis of pericarditis; new episode of fever, fatigue, and shortness of breath 30 days later and screening for RVF RVF IgM positive

*RT-PCR; reverse transcription–PCR; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; N, upper limit of normal titers; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; CPK, creatine phosphokinase; RVF, Rift Valley fever; Ig, immunoglobulin.

Main Article

Page created: December 10, 2010
Page updated: December 10, 2010
Page reviewed: December 10, 2010
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.