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Volume 16, Number 7—July 2010
Conference Summary
Peer Reviewed Report Available Online Only

15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms

John E. MooreComments to Author  and Motoo Matsuda
Author affiliations: Northern Ireland Public Health Laboratory, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK (J.E. Moore); University of Ulster, Coleraine, Northern Ireland, UK (J.E. Moore); Azabu University, Sagamihara, Japan (M. Matsuda)

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Table

Summary of poultry and poultry-related intervention measures presented at 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms in Niigata, Japan, September 2009

Intervention Country Comment Author (reference)
Biosecurity: handwashing, foot dipping UK Survey of biosecurity from 3 large companies and 8 farms. Noncompliance issues were highlighted Gittens and Newell (5)
Biosecurity and nonbiosecurity interventions UK Critical review of published works on farm intervention measures was performed. Report will be published at www.fsascience.net Newell and Allen (6)
Use of bacteriocins USA 5–6 log reduction in cecal contents, 3 d prior to slaughter Svetoch and Stern (7)
Vaccination UK Vaccination possible but considered as a long term intervention option Oral subunit vaccination can induce detectable immune responses Newell (8), Gudivada et al. (9)
Use of Lactobacillus salivarius Finland Bacteriocin reduces colonization Hanan et al. (10)
Lytic bacteriophage therapy UK 2 log reduction in cecal levels of birds.Virulent bacteriophages share few or no genes with their host but influence strains and phenotypes of campylobacters in poultry El-Shibiny and Connerton (11), Connerton (12)
Probiotics Japan Small decrease in colonization of poultry Marubashi (13)
Capyrylic acid (8C-medium chain fatty acid) USA 3–4 log reduction in birds fed 3–7 d at 0.7% Donoghue et al. (14)
Short- and medium-chain fatty acid fed supplementation The Netherlands Method for the prevention of colonization in broilers Van Gerwe et al. (15)
Strongly acidic electrosided water (50 ppm Cl2) Japan 7.1 × 103 cfu/g to undetectable on chicken wings Shimazaki et al. (16)
Freezing Iceland 90% decrease in annual human campylobacteriosis Lowman et al. (17)
Improved crate washing UK Use of water at ≈60oC, along with high pressure and high volume sprays along with detergent, followed by a disinfectant spray, resulted in a reduction of campylobacters Allen et al. (18)
Flynetting Iceland 62% reduction of infection in flocks Lowman et al. (19)
Withdrawal of poultry meat The Netherlands Culling of poultry due to avian influenza reduced human disease by 10%–70%. The authors suggested that transmission from poultry farms through the environment and other factors were important, in addition to reduced sales of poultry meat. van Pelt et al. (20)

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References
  1. Skirrow  MB. Campylobacter enteritis: a “new” disease. BMJ. 1977;2:911. DOIPubMed
  2. Parkhill  J, Wren  BW, Mungall  K, Ketley  JM, Churcher  C, Basham  D, The genome sequence of the food-borne pathogen Campylobacter jejuni reveals hypervariable sequences. Nature. 2000;403:6658. DOIPubMed
  3. Moore  JE, Corcoran  D, Dooley  JS, Fanning  S, Lucey  B, Matsuda  M, Campylobacter. Vet Res. 2005;36:35182. DOIPubMed
  4. Food Standards Agency. A UK survey of Campylobacter and Salmonella contamination of fresh chicken at retail sale. 2009. [cited 2010 Apr 15]. http://www.food.gov.uk/science/surveillance/fsisbranch2009/fsis0409
  5. Gittens  GE, Newell  DG. Survey of intervention measures adopted for Campylobacter control by UK chicken producers. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO); 2009 Sep 2–5; Niigata, Japan. Abstract 205. p. 139.
  6. Newell  DG, Allen  V. A critical review of interventions and strategies (both biosecurity and non-biosecurity) to reduce Campylobacter on the poultry farm. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO); 2009 Sep 2–5; Niigata, Japan. Abstract 204. p. 138.
  7. Svetoch  EA, Stern  NJ. Potentials for bacteriocin development to control Campylobacter in broilers. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO); 2009 Sep 2–5; Niigata, Japan. Abstract S4-2-1. p. 44.
  8. Newell  DG. Vaccination of chickens against Campylobacter as a potential intervention approach to reduce campylobacteriosis. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO); 2009 Sep 2–5; Niigata, Japan. Abstract S4-2-2. p. 44.
  9. Gudivada  R, Cawthraw  SA, Kennedy  E, Newell  DG. Immune responses in chickens following immunization with DNA and sub-unit Campylobacter jejuni vaccines. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO); 2009 Sep 2–5; Niigata, Japan. Abstract 213. p. 141.
  10. Hanan  T, Hilmi  A, Saris  PEJ. Inhibition of Campylobacter jejuni by chicken crop isolates of Lactobacillus salivarius. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO); 2009 Sep 2–5; Niigata, Japan. Abstract 221. p. 144.
  11. El-Shibiny  A, Scott  A, Connerton  P, Connerton  I. Application of a group II Campylobacter bacteriophage to reduce strains of C. jejuni and C. coli colonizing broiler chickens. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO); 2009 Sep 2–5; Niigata, Japan.
  12. Connerton  IF. The role of bacteriophage in the ecology and control of Campylobacter in chickens. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO); 2009 Sep 2–5; Niigata, Japan. Abstract S4-2-3. p. 44.
  13. Marubashi  T. Use of probiotics in controlling Campylobacter. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO); 2009 Sep 2–5; Niigata, Japan. Abstract S4-2-4. p 44–45.
  14. Donoghue  DJ, De los Santos  F, Hume  I, Venkitanarayanan  K, Donoghue  AM, Hanning  I, Caprylic acid reduces enteric Campylobacter colonization in market aged broiler chickens but does not alter cecal microbial populations. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO); 2009 Sep 2–5; Niigata, Japan. Abstract 200. p. 137.
  15. van Gerwe  TJ, Bouma  A, Klinkenberg  D, Jacobs-Reitsma  WJ, Stegeman  JA, Wagenaar  JA. Beta-Poisson modeling of the reduction of Campylobacter susceptibility by short chain and medium chain fatty acid feed supplementation in 14 and 18 day-old commercial broilers. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO); 2009 Sep 2–5; Niigata, Japan. Abstract 207. p. 139.
  16. Shimazaki  Y, Ishihara  K, Muramatsu  Y, Tamura  Y. Effectiveness of strongly acidic electrolyzed water on decontamination of Campylobacter in chicken meats and implements. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO); 2009 Sep 2–5; Niigata, Japan. Abstract 222. p. 144.
  17. Lowman  R, Haroardottir  H, Kristinsson  K, Sigmundsdottir  G, Frioriksdottir  V, Reiersen  J, Iceland: a review of reduction in human incidence of domestically acquired campylobacteriosis from 2000–2008, concurrent with Iceland’s freezing policy. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO); 2009 Sep 2–5; Niigata, Japan. Abstract 209. p. 140.
  18. Allen  VM, Tinker  DB, Atterbury  RJ, Harrison  D, Howell  M. Campylobacter numbers and visual cleanliness on poultry transport crates following plant modification. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO); 2009 Sep 2–5; Niigata, Japan. Abstract 206. p. 139.
  19. Lowman  R, Reiersen  J, Jonsson  T, Gunnarsson  E, Bisaillon  JR, Daoadottir  S. Iceland: 2008 pilot year fly netting ventilation inlets of 35 broiler houses to reduce flyborne transmission of Campylobacter spp. to flocks. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO); 2009 Sep 2–5; Niigata, Japan. Abstract 210. p. 140.
  20. Van Pelt  W, Havelaar  AH, Westra  P, Wagenaar  JA. Strong regional reduction of campylobacteriosis during and after avian influenza poultry farm culling. A model for future intervention studies at primary production? In: Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and related Related Organisms (CHRO); 2009 Sep 2–5; Niigata, Japan. Abstract P25. p. 83.

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