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Volume 17, Number 3—March 2011


Serologic Surveillance of Anthrax in the Serengeti Ecosystem, Tanzania, 1996–2009

Tiziana Lembo, Katie HampsonComments to Author , Harriet Auty, Cari A. Beesley, Paul Bessell, Craig Packer, Jo Halliday, Robert Fyumagwa, Richard Hoare, Eblate Ernest, Christine Mentzel, Titus Mlengeya, Karen Stamey, Patricia P. Wilkins, and Sarah Cleaveland
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland (T. Lembo, K. Hampson, H. Auty, P. Bessell, S. Cleaveland); Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, Illinois, USA (T. Lembo); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (C.A. Beesley, K. Stamey, P.P. Wilkins); University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA (C. Packer); University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland (J. Halliday); Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute, Arusha, Tanzania (R. Fyumagwa, R. Hoare, E. Ernest); Endangered Wildlife Trust, Parkview, South Africa (C. Mentzel); Tanzania National Parks, Arusha (T. Mlengeya)

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Table 1

Potential anthrax cases detected in Serengeti wildlife species, Tanzania, 1996–2009

Common name Species No. cases
Suspected Probable
Baboon Papio anubis 0 1
Black rhinoceros Diceros bicornis 1 0
Buffalo Syncerus caffer 20 85
Bushbuck Tragelaphus scriptus 1 0
Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus 0 1
Duiker Sylvicapra grimmia 0 1
Eland Taurotragus oryx 0 1*
Elephant Loxodonta africana 24 7
Grant’s gazelle Nanger granti 2 3
Giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis 14 8
Hartebeest Alcelaphus buselaphus 0 1
Hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibious 32 14
Impala Aepyceros melampus 35 659
Ostrich Struthio camelus 0 1
Serval Leptailurus serval 0 1
Thomson’s gazelle Eudorcas thomsonii 7 5
Topi Damaliscus korrigum jimela 0 4
Vulture Gyps africanus 0 2
Warthog Phacochoerus africanus 0 2
Waterbuck Kobus ellipsiprymnus defassa 1 1
Wildebeest Connochaetes taurinus 112 60
Zebra Equus burchellii 34 83

*Outbreak reported but individual case counts not available.

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