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Volume 18, Number 5—May 2012


Diversity of Parvovirus 4–like Viruses in Humans, Chimpanzees, and Monkeys in Hunter–Prey Relationships

Cornelia Adlhoch1, Marco Kaiser1Comments to Author , Anna Loewa, Markus Ulrich, Christian Forbrig, Edgard V. Adjogoua, Chantal Akoua-Koffi, Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann, Siv Aina J. Leendertz, Wolfram Rietschel, Christophe Boesch, Heinz Ellerbrok, Bradley S. Schneider, and Fabian H. Leendertz
Author affiliations: Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany (C. Adlhoch, A. Loewa, M. Ulrich, C. Forbrig, H. Ellerbrok, F.H. Leendertz); GenExpress GmbH, Berlin (M. Kaiser); Institut Pasteur Côte d’Ivoire, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire (E.V. Adjogoua, C. Akoua-Koffi, E. Couacy-Hymann); Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Oslo, Norway (S.A.J. Leendertz); Botanical Zoological Garden, Stuttgart, Germany (W. Rietschel); Max-Planck-Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany (C. Boesch); Global Viral Forecasting, San Francisco, California, USA (B.S. Schneider)

Main Article


Results of testing analyzed samples for PARV4 and PARV4-like viruses, Côte d’Ivoire*

Sample origin Sample material, no. PCR positive/no. tested (%)
Blood Bone marrow Intestine Spleen Muscle Liver Lung Total
Red colobus monkey (Piliocolobus badius) 1/14 (7)† 2/6 (33) 0/1 0/3 2/2 (100) 1/2 (50) 1/2 (50) 7/30 (23)
Black and white colobus monkey (Colobus polykomos) 2/10 (20)‡ 0/1 0/3 0/1 2/15 (13)
Wild chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) 0/1‡ 5/13 (38) 2/3 (67) 7/17 (41)
Human§ 12/700 (2) 12/700 (2)

*Each sample represents 1 animal or person; PARV4, parvovirus 4; –, no sample.
†Blood or buffy coat.
‡Buffy coat.
§Dried blood spot on filter paper.

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.