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Volume 19, Number 1—January 2013


Automated Biosurveillance Data from England and Wales, 1991–2011

Doyo G. Enki, Angela Noufaily, Paul H. Garthwaite, Nick J. Andrews, André Charlett, Chris Lane, and C. Paddy FarringtonComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Open University, Milton Keynes, UK (D.G. Enki, A. Noufaily, P.H. Garthwaite, C.P. Farrington); Health Protection Agency, London, UK (N.J. Andrews, A. Charlett, C. Lane)

Main Article


Organisms (mean weekly count, by specimen collection week) with nonzero specimen counts in every week from 1991 to mid-2011, England and Wales

Organism name Mean weekly count
Chlamydia trachomatis 1,480
Campylobacter spp. 899
Staphylococcus aureus 764
Clostridium difficile toxin detection 313
Rotavirus 303
Escherichia coli untyped 267
Staphylococcus coagulase negative 167
Streptococcus pneumoniae 119
Herpes simplex virus untyped 102
Herpes simplex virus type 2 100
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 96
Herpes simplex virus type 1 92
Cryptosporidium spp. 86
Giardia lamblia 86
Clostridium difficile not stated 81
Norovirus 76
Streptococcus group B 57
Mycobacterium tuberculosis 54
Enteroccoccus faecalis 52
Klebsiella pneumoniae 50
Streptococcus group A 49
Adenovirus untyped 43
Staphylococcus epidermidis 36
Proteus mirabilis 35
Enterobacter cloacae 34
Cytomegalovirus 29
Streptococcus group G 26
M. pneumoniae 21
Enterococcus faecium 19
Bacteroides fragilis 14

Main Article