Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 19, Number 5—May 2013
Etymologia

Etymologia: Acinetobacter

Cite This Article

Acinetobacter [as´ĭ-net´o-bak´ər]

From the Greek akineto (immobile), a genus of gram-negative paired coccobacilli that are widely distributed in nature and can cause severe primary infections in compromised hosts. Acinetobacter was most likely first described as Diplococcus mucosus in 1908. In 1954, Brisou and PrA(c)vot proposed the genus Acinetobacter to indicate that the bacteria were nonmotile because they lacked flagella. Acinetobacter are still generally described as nonmotile, but most isolates exhibit "otwitching" motility.

Acinetobacter baumannii—named in honor of American bacteriologists Paul and Linda Baumann—is a nosocomial pathogen with acquired multidrug resistance that is emerging as a major concern worldwide. Motility is linked to increased virulence in bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Dichelobacter nodosus; however, whether motility plays a role in the virulence of A. baumannii remains unclear.

Top

Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid1905.et1905

Related Links

Top

Table of Contents – Volume 19, Number 5—May 2013

Page created: April 05, 2013
Page updated: April 05, 2013
Page reviewed: April 05, 2013
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
file_external