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Volume 19, Number 8—August 2013
Etymologia

Etymologia: Campylobacter

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Campylobacter [kam′′pə-lo-bak′tər]

From the Greek kampylos (curved) and baktron (rod), a genus of gram-negative curved or spiral rods that is among the most common causes of foodborne diarrheal illness worldwide. Illness caused by Campylobacter spp. was first described by Theodor Escherich in 1886, but they were not successfully isolated from human fecal samples until 1972. For many years, they were classified among the vibrios, but Sebald and Véron proposed the genus Campylobacter in 1963 for these “slender, curved bacilli” that differ from the classical cholera and halophilic vibrios.

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References

  1. Dekeyser  P, Gossuin-Detrain  M, Butzler  JP, Sternon  J. Acute enteritis due to related vibrio: first positive stool cultures. J Infect Dis. 1972;125:3902. DOIPubMed
  2. Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 32nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2012.
  3. Karmali  MA, Fleming  PC. Campylobacter enteritis. Can Med Assoc J. 1979;120:152532 .PubMed
  4. Samie  A, Obi  CL, Barrett  LJ, Powell  SM, Guerrant  RL. Prevalence of Campylobacter species, Helicobacter pylori, and Arcobacter species in stool samples from the Venda region, Limpopo, South Africa: studies using molecular diagnostic methods. J Infect. 2007;54:55866 . DOIPubMed
  5. Sebald  M, Véron  M. Base DNA content and classification of vibrios [in French]. Ann Inst Pasteur (Paris). 1963;105:897910 .PubMed

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Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid1908.et1908

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Table of Contents – Volume 19, Number 8—August 2013

Page created: July 03, 2013
Page updated: July 03, 2013
Page reviewed: July 03, 2013
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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