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Volume 2, Number 4—October 1996

News and Notes

A Global Theme Issue: Bibliography of References

Margaret A. Winker
Author affiliation: Journal of the American Medical Association, Chicago, Illinois, USA

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EID Winker MA. A Global Theme Issue: Bibliography of References. Emerg Infect Dis. 1996;2(4):364-371.
AMA Winker MA. A Global Theme Issue: Bibliography of References. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1996;2(4):364-371. doi:10.3201/eid0204.960422.
APA Winker, M. A. (1996). A Global Theme Issue: Bibliography of References. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2(4), 364-371.

Emerging and reemerging infections respect no national boundaries; therefore, they were an appropriate topic for the first "global medical theme issue," introduced in January 1996. This global theme issue was conceived by three editors, Linda Hawes Clever, The Western Journal of Medicine, Magne Nylenna, Journal of the NorwegianMedicalAssociation, and George D. Lundberg, JournaloftheAmericanMedicalAssociation, who in 1995 invited the editors of 78 journals worldwide to participate. A year later, 36 journals in 21 countries on six continents published more than 200 articles pertaining to emerging and reemerging global microbial threats (1). The articles addressed topics ranging from factors contributing to increasing antimicrobial resistance to the impact of global warming on infectious disease. While some solutions were suggested, the global issue primarily served as a call to medical communities and people worldwide to identify contributing factors and begin to develop strategies to control emergent infections.

Following this note is a bibliography of articles published by the 36 journals participating in the global theme issue.


  1. Addy PAK, Esani RK, Atusheno SKN. Possible contributing factors to the paucity of yellow fever epidemic in the Ashanti Region of Ghana, West Africa. East Afr Med J. 1996;73:39.PubMed
  2. Adlestein S, McKnight I, Pethebridge AM. HIV and intermediate immune deficiency. Med J Aust. 1996;164:10910.PubMed
  3. Aita J, Barrera L, Reniero A, Hospital transmission of multidrug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Rosario Argentina. Medicina (B Aires). 1996;56:4850.PubMed
  4. Albrecht H, Sobottka I, Emminger C, Visceral leishmaniasis emerging as an important opportunistic infection in HIV-infected persons living in areas non-endemic for Leishmania donovani. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1996;120:18998.PubMed
  5. Altekruse SF, Swerdlow DL. The changing epidemiology of foodborne diseases. Am J Med Sci. 1996;311:239. DOIPubMed
  6. Aseffa A, Yohannes G. Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of prevalent bacterial pathogens in Gondar, Ethiopia. East Afr Med J. 1996;73:6771.PubMed
  7. Bakken JS, Krueth MT, Wilson-Nordskog C, Tilden RL, Asanovich K, Dumler JS.Clinical and laboratory characteristics of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE). JAMA. 1996;275:199205. DOIPubMed
  8. Bán E. Changes in the role of gram-positive bacteria in the infections of immunocompromised patients. LAM 1996;6:pages not available.
  9. Banerjee G, Ayyagari A, Prasad KN, Dhole TN, Singh SK. Nosocomial infection due to Enterobacter cloacae in a tertiary care hospital in Northern India. Indian J Med Res. 1996;103:623.PubMed
  10. Bánhegyi D. Current situation of HIV/AIDS in Hungary. LAM 1996;6:pages not available.
  11. Barbour AG. Does Lyme disease occur in the South? Am J Med Sci. 1996;311:3440. DOIPubMed
  12. Barnes PF, El-Hajj H, Preston-Martin S, . Transmission of tuberculosis among the urban homeless. JAMA. 1996;275:3057. DOIPubMed
  13. Barton LL, Jeck DT, Vaidya VU. Necrotizing fascitis in children: report of two cases and review of the literature. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1996;150:1058.PubMed
  14. Berkelman RL, Pinner RW, Hughes JM. Addressing emerging microbial threats in the United States. JAMA. 1996;275:3157. DOIPubMed
  15. Beyers AD, Donald PR, van Helden PD, Ehlers MRW, Steyn L, Mizrahi V. Tuberculosis research - the way forward. S Afr Med J. 1996;86:303.PubMed
  16. Beyers N, Gie RP, Zietsman HL, The use of a geographical information system (GIS) to evaluate the distribution of tuberculosis in a high-incidence community. S Afr Med J. 1996;86:404.PubMed
  17. Bhatt KM, Bhatt SM, Mirza NB. Meningococcal meningitis. East Afr Med J. 1996;73:359.PubMed
  18. Bifani P, Plikaytis BB, Kapur V, Origin and interstate spread of a New York City multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis clone family: adverse implications for tuberculosis control in the 21st century. JAMA. 1996;275:4527. DOIPubMed
  19. Birrie H, Balcha F, Bisuneh A, Bero G. Susceptibility of Ethiopian Bulinid snails to Schistosoma haematobium from Somalia. East Afr Med J. 1996;73:767.PubMed
  20. Bloch AB, Simone PM, McCray E, Castro KG. Preventing multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. JAMA. 1996;275:4879. DOIPubMed
  21. Borus P. Rabies: the emergence of a microbial threat. East Afr Med J. 1996;73:324.PubMed
  22. Bowden DS, Moaven LD, Locarnini SA. New hepatitis viruses: are there enough letters in the alphabet? Med J Aust. 1996;164:879.PubMed
  23. Briem H, Thorsteinsson SB, Gudmundsson S, Erlendsson K, Löve A. The epidemiology of AIDS in Iceland. Laeknabladid. 1996;82:2131.PubMed
  24. Bronze MS, Dale JB. The reemergence of serious group A streptococcal infections and acute rheumatic fever. Am J Med Sci. 1996;311:4154. DOIPubMed
  25. Budai J. The present and the future of vaccination in Hungary. LAM 1996;6:pages not available.
  26. Butler JC, Peters CJ. Lessons learned from the hantavirus and other hemorrhagic fever viruses. Am J Med Sci. 1996;311:559. DOIPubMed
  27. Cabreros LJ, Rajendran R, Drimoussis A, Brandstetter RD. Radiographic mimics of pneumonia: pulmonary disorders to consider in differential diagnosis. Postgrad Med. 1996;99:13942, 145, 146.PubMed
  28. Cairney R. Global spread of tuberculosis: worrying trend for Canadian physicians. Can Med Assoc J. 1996;154:2368.
  29. Campbell CM, Williams BG. Academic research and HIV/AIDS in South Africa. S Afr Med J. 1996;86:5560.PubMed
  30. Carballal G. Emerging or reemerging virus. [in Spanish]. Medicina (B Aires). 1996;56:97101.PubMed
  31. Carr A, Boyle MJ. Primary HIV infection. Med J Aust. 1996;164:1056.PubMed
  32. Cassiere H, Rodrigues JC, Fein AM. Delayed resolution of pneumonia: when is slow healing too slow? Postgrad Med. 1996;99:1514, 157, 158.PubMed
  33. Celentano DD, Nelson KE, Suprasert S, . Risk factors for HIV-1 seroconversion infection among young men in northern Thailand. JAMA. 1996;275:1227. DOIPubMed
  34. Chen B, Tao S. Arbovirus survey in China in recent ten years. Chin Med J. 1996;109:135.PubMed
  35. Chen D-S. Viral hepatitis in East Asia. J Formos Med Assoc. 1996;95:612.PubMed
  36. Chopra I, Hodgson J, Metcalf B, Poste G. New approaches for the control of infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria: an industrial perspective. JAMA. 1996;275:4013. DOIPubMed
  37. Chukwuma C Sr. Microsporidium in AIDS and HIV-infected patients: a perspective. East Afr Med J. 1996;73:725.PubMed
  38. Claus JJ, Kuijper EJ, de Gans J. Listeria-meningitis. [Listeria meningitis.]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 1996;140:1136.PubMed
  39. Clemens J, Brenner R, Rao M, Tafari N, Lowe C. Evaluating new vaccines for developing countries: efficacy or effectiveness? JAMA. 1996;275:3907. DOIPubMed
  40. Clever LH. Infectious diseases—getting out of a deep hole. West J Med. 1996;164:17.PubMed
  41. Collignon PJ, Bell JM; AGAR. Drug resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae: the beginning of the end for many antibiotics? Med J Aust. 1996;164:647.PubMed
  42. Colquhoun SD. Hepatitis C: a clinical update. Arch Surg. 1996;130:1823.
  43. Cunha BA. Community-acquired pneumonia: cost-effective antimicrobial therapy. Postgrad Med. 1996;99:109, 110, 113, 114, 117–9, 122.PubMed
  44. Cunha BA, Ortega AM. Atypical pneumonia: extrapulmonary clues guide the way to diagnosis. Postgrad Med. 1996;99:1238, 131, 132.PubMed
  45. Davis KJ, Fritz DL, Pitt ML, Welkos SL, Worsham PL, Friedlander AM. Pathology of experimental pneumonic plague produced by fraction 1-positive and fraction 1-negative Yersinia pestis in African Green Monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops). [February] [:pages not yet available.]. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1996;:120.
  46. Dawson JE. Warner Ck, Standaert S, Olson JG. The interface between research and the diagnosis of an emerging tick-borne disease, human ehrlichiosis due to Ehrlichia chaffeensis. Arch Intern Med. 1996;156:13742. DOIPubMed
  47. de Quadros CA, Olivé JM, Hersh BS, . Measles elimination in the Americas: evolving strategies. JAMA. 1996;275:2249. DOIPubMed
  48. de Kantor IN, Ritacco V, Barrera L. Is multidrug resistant tuberculosis an emerging infection in Buenos Aires? [in Spanish]. Medicina (B Aires). 1996;56:1024.PubMed
  49. Dhanda V, Das PK, Lal R, Srinivasan R, Ramaiah KD. Spread of lymphatic filariasis and reemergence of leishmaniasis in India. Indian J Med Res. 1996;103:4654.PubMed
  50. Doherty RR. HTLV-1 in Australia and Oceania: long term resident or recent immigrant? Med J Aust. 1996;164:846.PubMed
  51. Duodenal ulcer: the helicobacterization of a psychosomatic disease? Isr J Med Sc 1996;(March):pages not yet available.
  52. Dwyer B. What we should be doing about tuberculosis in Australia. Med J Aust. 1996;164:623.PubMed
  53. Eskild A. The AIDS epidemic in Norway - where did it go? [January] [: pages not yet available.]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1996;:116.
  54. Espersen F. Kampen mod mikroberne - et internationalt anliggende (The fight against the microbial threat - an international issue). Ugeskr Laeger. 1996;158:2512.PubMed
  55. Espinol CH. On the trail of color. JAMA. 1996;275:168. DOIPubMed
  56. Fadl Alla AI, Fahal AH, Ahmed ME, Hasson MA. Pattern of postoperative pyrexia in Khartoum. East Afr Med J. 1996;73:7880.PubMed
  57. Fattom AI, Naso R. Staphylococcal vaccines: a realistic dream. Ann Med. 1996;28:436. DOIPubMed
  58. Feingold DS, Weinberg AN. Group A streptococcal (gas) infections: and old adversary reemerging with new tricks. Arch Dermatol. 1996;132:6770. DOIPubMed
  59. Feldman C, Klugman K. Antibiotic-resistant pneumococcal pneumonia. S Afr Med J. 1996;86:2830.PubMed
  60. File TM, Tan JS, Plouffe JF. Community-acquired pneumonia: what's needed for accurate diagnosis. Postgrad Med. 1996;99:958, 100, 102, 105–7.PubMed
  61. Fine MJ, Smith MA, Carson CA, . Prognosis and outcomes of patients with community-acquired pneumonia: a meta-analysis. JAMA. 1996;275:13441. DOIPubMed
  62. Fodor T. Pataki G. Bacteriology to the diagnosis of tuberculosis. LAM 1996;6:pages not available.
  63. Fonn S. A blood-result turn-around time survey to improve congenital syphilis prevention in a rural area. S Afr Med J. 1996;86:6771.PubMed
  64. Frost GW, Johns M. Vaccine-preventable childhood diseases in Australia. Med J Aust. 1996;164:61.PubMed
  65. Fry DE. The reemergence of mycobacterial infections. Arch Surg. 1996;130:147.
  66. Galama JMD. Humane herpesvirussen type 6 en 7, verwekkers van onder meer exanthema subitum. [Human herpesviruses type 6 and 7, causative agents of e.g. exanthem subitum.]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 1996;140:1248.PubMed
  67. Gaston DA, Zurowski SM. Arcanobacterium haemolyticum pharyngitis and exanthem: three case reports and literature review. Arch Dermatol. 1996;132:614. DOIPubMed
  68. George V, Jesudason MV, John TJ. CAMP test for the identification of Vibrio cholerae 0139. Indian J Med Res. 1996;103:557.PubMed
  69. Gilbert GL. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: implications for the future; lesions from the past. Med J Aust. 1996;164:60.PubMed
  70. Gilbert GL. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: prevention is better than cure. Med J Aust. 1996;164:1203.
  71. Githure JI, Ngumbi PM, Anjili CO, Animal reservoirs of Leishmaniasis in Marigat, Baringo District, Kenya. East Afr Med J. 1996;73:447.PubMed
  72. Glanz K, Yang H. Communicating about risk of infectious diseases. JAMA. 1996;275:2536. DOIPubMed
  73. Gold SM, Shott SR, Myer CM III. Membranous laryngotracheobronchitis. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1996;150:978.PubMed
  74. Goldman DA, Weinstein RA, Wenzel RP, for the Workshop to Prevent and Control the Emergence and Spread of Antimicrobial-Resistant Microorganisms in Hospitals.Strategies to prevent and control the emergence and spread of antimicrobial-resistant microorganisms in hospitals: a challenge to hospital leadership. JAMA. 1996;275:23440. DOIPubMed
  75. Golledge CL, Riley TV. Natural therapy for infectious diseases. Med J Aust. 1996;164:946.PubMed
  76. van Gool T, Dankert J. Drie opkomende protozaire infectieziekten in Nederland: Cyclospora-, Dientamoeba- en Microspora-infecties. [Three emerging protozoal infections in the Netherlands: cyclospora, dientamoeba, and microspora infections.]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 1996;:140.
  77. Grant CC, Duggan AK, Santosham M, DeAngelis C. Oral prednisone as a risk factor for infections in children with asthma. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1996;150:5863.PubMed
  78. Ath G, Kristinsson KG, Gudmundsson S. Antibiotic use and misuse at the National University Hospital, Iceland. Laeknabladid. 1996;82:3945.PubMed
  79. Guðmundsdóttir BK, Guðmundsdóttir S, Mangnadóttir B, Helgason S. Research in bacterial diseases of salmonid fish. Laeknabladid. 1996;82:727.PubMed
  80. Haemophilus influenza infection in Singapore: antimicrobial resistance, serotypes and clinical spectrum. [March] [:pages not yet available.]. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 1996;:25.
  81. van Hattum J. Hepatitis C, een ontwakende reus. [Hepatitis C, an awakening giant.]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 1996;140:11924.PubMed
  82. Haug C. Emerging and reemerging serious infections: doctors around the world, unite! [January] [:pages not yet available.]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1996;:116.
  83. Hayden FG, Treanor JJ, Betts RF, Lobo M, Esinhart JD, Hussey EK. Safety and efficacy of the neuroaminidase inhibitor GG167 in experimental human influenza. JAMA. 1996;275:2959. DOIPubMed
  84. Haynes BF, Putman SB, Winberg JB. Update on the issues of HIV vaccine development. Ann Med. 1996;28:3941. DOIPubMed
  85. Heath CH, Blackmore TK, Gordon DL. Emerging resistance in Enterococcus species. Med J Aust. 1996;164:1169.PubMed
  86. Heikkinen T, Ruuskanen O. New prospects in the prevention of otitis media. Ann Med. 1996;28:2330. DOIPubMed
  87. Herndon RM. Evasion of immulogic defenses and emerging viral threats. Arch Neurol. 1996;53:237.PubMed
  88. Hilleman MR. Cooperation between government and industry in combating a perceived emerging pandemic through vaccination: the 1976 swine influenza example. JAMA. 1996;275:2413. DOIPubMed
  89. Hoge CW, Shlim DR, Echeverria P, Rajah R, Herrmann JE, Cross JH. Epidemiology of diarrhea among expatriate residents living in a highly endemic environment. JAMA. 1996;275:5338. DOIPubMed
  90. Hogg GG, Strachan JE, Huayi L, Beaton SA, Robinson PM, Taylor K. Non-toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae biovar gravis: evidence for an invasive clone in a south-eastern Australian community. Med J Aust. 1996;164:725.PubMed
  91. Hollister JM, Laing P, Mednick SA. Rhesus incompatibility as a risk factor for schizophrenia in male adults. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1996;53:1924.PubMed
  92. Honan GM, White GW, Eisenberg GM. Spontaneous infectious discitis in adults. Am J Med. 1996;100:859. DOIPubMed
  93. Hong T. Human group B rotavirus: adult diarrhea rotavirus. Chin Med J. 1996;109:112.PubMed
  94. Hoogkamp-Korstanje JAA. Yersiniosis. [Yersiniosis.]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 1996;140:12830.PubMed
  95. Hopewell PC. Mycobacterium tuberculosisan emerging pathogen? West J Med. 1996;164:335.PubMed
  96. Horton R. The infected metropolis. [pages not yet available.]. Lancet. 1996;:347.
  97. Hsueh P-R, Chen H-M, Lu Y-C, Wu J-J. Antimicrobial resistance and serotype distribution of Streptococcus pneumoniae strains isolated in Southern Taiwan. J Formos Med Assoc. 1996;95:2936.PubMed
  98. Hu DJ, Dondero TJ, Rayfield MA, . The emerging genetic diversity of HIV: the importance of global surveillance for diagnostics, research, and prevention. JAMA. 1996;275:2106. DOIPubMed
  99. Huang G, Lin T. Bacterial L-forms research in China. Chin Med J. 1996;109:1820.PubMed
  100. Hughes JM. Emerging pathogens—an epidemiologist's perspective on the problem and priorities for the future. West J Med. 1996;164:212.PubMed
  101. Hung C-C, Chen Y-C, Chang S-C, Luh KT, Hsieh W-C. Clinical study of nosocomial candidemia in a university hospital in Taiwan. J Formos Med Assoc. 1996;95:1928.PubMed
  102. Indriðason ÓS, Kristinsson KG, Ásmundsson P, Böðvarsson M. The incidence of infection associated with peritoneal dialysis. Laeknabladid. 1996;82:539.PubMed
  103. Infectious diseases - the old and the new. [March] [:pages not yet available.]. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 1996;:25.
  104. Jaax NK, Davis KJ, Geisbert TJ, Lethal experimental infections of rhesus monkeys with Ebola-Zaire (Mayinga) virus by the oral and conjunctival route of exposure. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1996;120:14055.PubMed
  105. Jacob John T. Emerging and reemerging global microbial threats. Natl Med J India. 1996;9:12.PubMed
  106. Jankovics I. The influenza viruses: past, present and future. LAM 1996;6:pages not available.
  107. Jernigan DB, Cetron MS, Breiman RF. Minimizing the impact of drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (DRSP): a strategy from the DRSP Working Group. JAMA. 1996;275:2069. DOIPubMed
  108. John TJ. Emerging and reemerging bacterial pathogens in India. Indian J Med Res. 1996;103:418.PubMed
  109. John TJ, Jesudason MV, Lalitha MK, Melioidosis in India: tip of the iceberg. Indian J Med Res. 1996;103:645.
  110. Johnson RT. Emerging viral infections. Arch Neurol. 1996;53:1822.PubMed
  111. Johnson PDR, Veitch MGK, Leslie DE, Flood PE, Hayman JA. The emergence of Mycobacterium ulcerans infection near Melbourne. Med J Aust. 1996;164:768.PubMed
  112. Jones D. Emergence of antibiotic resistance: role of ophthalmology. Arch Ophthalmol. 1996;114:912.PubMed
  113. Jónsdóttir KE, Hansen H, Arnórsson VH, Laxdal T, Stefánsson M. Immunization against Haemophilus influenzae type b in Iceland: results after six years use of PRP-D (ProHIBiT®). Laeknabladid. 1996;82:328.PubMed
  114. Joyce T, McGuigan KG, Elmore-Meegan M, Conroy RM. Prevalence of entropathogens in stools of rural Maasai children under five years of age in the Maasailand region of the Kenyan Rift Valley. East Afr Med J. 1996;73:5962.PubMed
  115. Joynt RT. Microbial threats. Arch Neurol. 1996;53:17.PubMed
  116. Jupp PG, Kemp A. What is the potential for future outbreaks of chikungunya, dengue and yellow fever in southern Africa. S Afr Med J. 1996;86:357.PubMed
  117. Kager PA, Wetsteyn JCFM. Malaria en geneesmiddelenresistentie. [Malaria and drug resistance.]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 1996;140:1515.PubMed
  118. van de Kar NCAJ, Heuvelink AE, de Boer E, Monnens LAH. Infecties met verocytotoxine-producerende Escherichia coli en het hemolytisch-uremisch syndroom. [Infections with verotoxinogeneic-producing Escherichia coli and the hemolytic-uremic syndrome.]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 1996;140:1347.PubMed
  119. Kelleher AD, Orth D. Early HIV-induced immune deficiency. Med J Aust. 1996;164:1078.PubMed
  120. Kent C. Microbial menaces: long neglected system strains to respond to a rising threat. AMNews. 1996;39:912.
  121. Kent C. Microbial menaces: new era feared, when common bacteria will kill again. AMNews. 1996;39:912.
  122. Khan AS. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in Florida: association with the newly identified Black Creek Canal Virus. Am J Med. 1996;100:468. DOIPubMed
  123. Kilstein J, Sala R, Greca A, Battagliotti C. Oxygen radicals and HIV infection: can antioxidants be of any use? [in Spanish]. Medicina (B Aires). 1996;56:1057.PubMed
  124. King DE. Bronchodilators and antibiotics in the treatment of acute bronchitis. Arch Fam Med. 1996;:5.
  125. Kolmos HJ. Antibiotika i almen praksis (Antibiotics in general practice). Ugeskr Laeger. 1996;158:25860.PubMed
  126. Kolmos HJ. Rationel anvendelse af antibiotika på hospital (The rationale for the use of antibiotics in hospitals). Ugeskr Laeger. 1996;158:2557.PubMed
  127. Koo D, Maloney K, Tauxe R. Epidemiology of diarrheal disease outbreaks on cruise ships: 1989 - 1993. JAMA. 1996;275:5457. DOIPubMed
  128. Koziel MJ. Immunology of viral hepatitis. Am J Med. 1996;100:98109. DOIPubMed
  129. Kristinsson KG. Epidemiology of penicillin resistant pneumococci. Laeknabladid. 1996;82:919.PubMed
  130. Kullberg BJ, Voss A. Het veranderend patroon van Candida-infecties: andere soorten en meer resistentie. [The changing pattern of Candida infections.]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 1996;140:14851.PubMed
  131. Lawson KA. Australian contributions to the study of infectious disease. Med J Aust. 1996;164:1135.PubMed
  132. Lederberg J. Infection emergent. JAMA. 1996;275:2435. DOIPubMed
  133. LeDuc JW. World Health Organization: strategy for emerging infectious diseases. JAMA. 1996;275:31820. DOIPubMed
  134. Lee C-M. NG S-H, Wan Y-L, Tsai C-H. Gastric actinomycosis. J Formos Med Assoc. 1996;95:668.PubMed
  135. Lee T, Esterhuyse T, Steinberg M, Schneider H. Demographic modelling of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on the Soweto population- results and health policy implications. S Afr Med J. 1996;86:603.PubMed
  136. Lore W. Emerging and reemerging global microbial threats. East Afr Med J. 1996;73:12.PubMed
  137. Ludwig E. Changes in antibiotic usage. LAM 1996;6:pages not available.
  138. Mackenzie JS, Smith DW. Mosquito-borne viruses and epidemic polyarthritis. Med J Aust. 1996;164:903.PubMed
  139. MacLean JD, Arthur JR, Ward BJ, Gyorkos TW, Curtis MA, Kokaskin E. The North American liver fluke: Metorchis conjunctus. Lancet. 1996;347:1548. DOIPubMed
  140. Magnason S, Gudmundsson S. Stefánsson TSv, Erlendsdóttir H, Baldursdóttir L, Kristinsson KG. Nosocomial infections in the ICU at Landspitalinn: an interim report. Laeknabladid. 1996;82:605.PubMed
  141. Mainous AG III, Zoorob RJ, Hueston WJ. Current management of acute bronchitis in ambulatory care: the use of antibiotics and bronchodilators. Arch Fam Med. 1996;:5.
  142. Manders SM, Heymann WR, Atillasoy E, Kleeman J, Schlievert PM. Recurrent toxin-mediated perineal eyrhtema. Arch Dermatol. 1996;132:5760. DOIPubMed
  143. Marriott D, McMurchie M. HIV and advanced immune deficiency. Med J Aust. 1996;164:1112.PubMed
  144. Martínez-Vázquez JM, Cabarcos A. Present and future of the retroviral therapy. An Med Interna. 1995;13:13.
  145. McClure HM, Novembre FJ. Simian immunodeficiency virus variants: threat of new retroviruses. Am J Med Sci. 1996;311:303. DOIPubMed
  146. McIntyre J. HIV/AIDS in South Africa - a relentless progression? S Afr Med J. 1996;86:278.PubMed
  147. van der Meer JWM, Hoogkamp-Korstanje JAA, Kager PA, Overbeke AJPM. Opdujkende pathogenen. [Emerging pathogens.]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 1996;140:1168.PubMed
  148. Meis JFGM, Neeleman C. Resistentieproblemen bij Streptococcus pneumoniae. [Resistance problems with Streptococcus pneumoniae.]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 1996;140:1414.PubMed
  149. Mekasha A, Meharie S. Outbreak of louse-borne relapsing fever in Jimma, south western Ethiopia. East Afr Med J. 1996;73:548.PubMed
  150. Mhalu FS, Lyamuya E. Human immunodeficiency virus infection and AIDS in East Africa: challenges and possibilities for prevention and control. East Afr Med J. 1996;73:139.PubMed
  151. Möller AD, Guðmundsson S, Gunnarsdóttir K, Jónsson ÓT. Infections in the intensive care unit in Reykjavik City Hospital. Laeknabladid. 1996;82:4652.PubMed
  152. Morcillo N, Alito A, Romano MI, A multidrug resistant tuberculosis outbreak in Buenos Aires: DNA fingerprinting analysis. Medicina (B Aires). 1996;56:457.PubMed
  153. Mqoqi NP, Appleton CC, Dye AH. Prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma haematobium urinary schistosomiasis in the Port St Johns district. S Afr Med J. 1996;86:7680.PubMed
  154. Mugerwa RD, Marum LH, Serwadda D. Human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS in Uganda. East Afr Med J. 1996;73:206.PubMed
  155. Mulhausen PL, Harrel LJ, Weinberger M, Contrasting methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization in Veterans Administration and community nursing homes. Am J Med. 1996;100:2431. DOIPubMed
  156. Mutinga MJ. Phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera Psychodidae) their importance and some aspects of control. East Afr Med J. 1996;73:489.PubMed
  157. Nelson AM, Sledzik PS, Mullick FG. The Army Medical Museum/Armed Forces Institute of Pathology and emerging infections: from camp fevers and diarrhea during the American Civil War in the 1860s to global molecular epidemiology and pathology in the 1990s. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1996;120:12933.PubMed
  158. Nelson RP, Price LJ, Halsey AB, Diagnosis of pediatric human immunodeficiency virus infection by means of a commercially available polymerase chain reaction gene amplification. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1996;150:405.PubMed
  159. Nolte KB, Simpson GL, Parrish RG. Emerging infectious agents and the forensic pathologist: the New Mexico model. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1996;120:1258.PubMed
  160. Olafsson M, Sigurdsson JA. Increased antimicrobial resistance in urinary tract infections. Laeknabladid. 1996;82:6670.PubMed
  161. Olliaro P, Cattani J, Wirth D. Malaria: the submerged disease. JAMA. 1996;275:2303. DOIPubMed
  162. Oloo AJ, Vulule JM, Koech DK. Some emerging issues on the malaria problem in Kenya. East Afr Med J. 1996;73:503.PubMed
  163. Osborn JE. Reemerging pathogens. West J Med. 1996;164:234.PubMed
  164. Parisi MN, Enría D, Pini N, Sabattini M. Retrospective detection of clinical infection caused by hantavirus. Medicina (B Aires). 1996;56:113.
  165. Patz JA, Epstein PR, Burke TA, Balbus JM. Global climate change and emerging infectious diseases. JAMA. 1996;275:21723. DOIPubMed
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Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid0204.960422

Table of Contents – Volume 2, Number 4—October 1996