Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 20, Number 4—April 2014
Research

Regional Variation in Travel-related Illness acquired in Africa, March 1997–May 2011

Marc MendelsonComments to Author , Pauline V. Han, Peter Vincent, Frank von Sonnenburg, Jakob P. Cramer, Louis Loutan, Kevin C. Kain, Philippe Parola, Stefan Hagmann, Effrossyni Gkrania-Klotsas, Mark Sotir, Patricia Schlagenhauf, and for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network
Author affiliations: University of Cape Town Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa (M. Mendelson); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (P.V. Han, M. Sotir); Tokai Medicross Travel Clinic, Cape Town (P. Vincent); University of Munich, Munich, Germany (F. von Sonnenburg); University Medical Center, Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany (J.P. Cramer); University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland (L. Loutan); University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (K.C. Kain); Assitance Publique Hôpitaux de Marseille–North University Hospital, Marseille, France (P. Parola); Yeshiva University Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center, Bronx, New York, USA (S. Hagmann); Cambridge University Hospitals National Health Service Trust, Cambridge, UK (E. Gkrania-Klotsas); University of Zurich Centre for Travel Medicine, Zurich, Switzerland (P. Schlagenhauf)

Main Article

Figure 1

Regions of Africa as defined by the United Nations geoscheme (5). For persons whose country of exposure was unascertainable or missing but for whom all recent travel was to the same region of Africa, data were included in the final dataset.

Figure 1. . . Regions of Africa as defined by the United Nations geoscheme (5). For persons whose country of exposure was unascertainable or missing but for whom all recent travel was to the same region of Africa, data were included in the final dataset.

Main Article

References
  1. World Tourism Organisation. UNWTO tourism highlights 2012 edition [cited 2013 Jan 8]. http://mkt.unwto.org/en/publication/unwto-tourism-highlights-2012-edition
  2. Freedman  DO, Weld  LH, Kozarsky  PE, Fisk  T, Robins  R, von Sonnenburg  F, Centron; GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Spectrum of disease and relation to place of exposure among ill returned travelers. N Engl J Med. 2006;354:11930. DOIPubMed
  3. Jensenius  M, Davis  X, von Sonnenburg  F, Schwartz  E, Keystone  JS, Leder  K, GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Multicenter GeoSentinel analysis of rickettsial diseases in international travelers, 1996–2008. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:17918. DOIPubMed
  4. Mendelson  M, Davis  XM, Jensenius  M, Keystone  JS, von Sonnenburg  F, Hale  DC, GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Health risks for travelers to South Africa: the GeoSentinel experience and implications for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010;82:9915. DOIPubMed
  5. United Nations Statistics Division. Africa geoscheme [cited 2012 May 10]. http://millenniumindicators.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm
  6. Checkley  AM, Smith  A, Smith  V, Blaze  M, Bradley  D, Chiodini  PL, Risk factors for mortality from imported falciparum malaria in the United Kingdom over 20 years: an observational study. BMJ. 2012;344:e2116. DOIPubMed
  7. Sabatinelli  G, Ejov  M, Joergensen  P. Malaria in the WHO European Region (1971–1999). Euro Surveill. 2001;6:615 .PubMed
  8. Nicolls  DJ, Weld  LH, Schwarz  E, Reed  C, von Sonnenburg  F, Freedman  DO, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Characteristics of schistosomiasis in travelers reported to the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network, 1997–2008. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2008;79:72934 .PubMed
  9. Leder  K, Tong  S, Weld  L, Kain  KC, Wilder-Smith  A, von Sonnenburg  F, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Illness in travelers visiting friends and relatives: a review of the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Clin Infect Dis. 2006;43:118593. DOIPubMed
  10. Hay  SI, Rogers  DJ, Toomer  JF, Snow  RW. Annual Plasmodium falciparum entomological inoculation rates (EIR) across Africa: literature survey, internet access and review. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2000;94:11327 . DOIPubMed
  11. Hamer  DH, Connor  BA. Travel health knowledge, attitudes and practices among United States travelers. J Travel Med. 2004;11:236. DOIPubMed
  12. Wilder-Smith  A, Kahirullah  NS, Song  JH, Chen  CY, Torresi  J. Travel health knowledge, attitudes and practices among Australasian travelers. J Travel Med. 2004;11:915. DOIPubMed
  13. Lopez-Velez  R, Bayas  JM. Spanish travelers to high-risk areas in the tropics: airport survey of travel health knowledge, attitudes and practices in vaccination and malaria prevention. J Travel Med. 2007;14:297305 . DOIPubMed
  14. Gautret  P, Ribadeau-Dumas  F, Parola  P, Brouqui  P, Bourhy  H. Risk for rabies importation from North Africa [review]. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17:218793. DOIPubMed
  15. United Nations. UNAIDS 2011 World AIDS Day report, fact sheet [cited 2012 May 10]. http://www.unaids.org/en/media/unaids/contentassets/documents/factsheet/2011/20111121_FS_WAD2011_global_en.pdf
  16. World Health Organization. Global tuberculosis control 2011 [cited 2012 May 10]. http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report/en/
  17. Matteelli  A, Carosi  G. Sexually transmitted diseases in travelers. Clin Infect Dis. 2001;32:10637. DOIPubMed
  18. Matteelli  A, Schlagenhauf  P, Carvalho  AC, Weld  L, Davis  XM, Wilder-Smith  A, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Travel-associated sexually transmitted infections: an observational cross-sectional study of the GeoSentinel surveillance database. Lancet Infect Dis. 2013;13:20513. DOIPubMed
  19. Hagmann  S, Neugebauer  R, Schwartz  E, Perret  C, Castelli  F, Barnett  ED, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Illness in children after international travel: analysis from the GeoSentinel Travel Surveillance Network. Pediatrics. 2010;125:e107280. DOIPubMed
  20. Bottieau  E, Clerinx  J, Schrooten  W, Van den Enden  E, Wouters  R, Van Esbroek  M, Etiology and outcome of fever after a stay in the tropics. Arch Intern Med. 2006;166:16428 . DOIPubMed
  21. Herbinger  KH, Drerup  L, Alberer  M, Norhdurft  HD, von Sonnenburg  F, Loscher  T. Spectrum of imported infectious diseases among children and adolescents returning from the tropics and subtropics. J Travel Med. 2012;19:1507 . DOIPubMed
  22. Reisinger  Y, Mavondo  F. Travel anxiety and intentions to travel internationally: implications of travel risk perception. J Travel Res. 2005;43:2125. DOI
  23. Schwartz  E, Meltzer  E, Mendelson  M, Tooke  A, Steiner  F, Gautret  P. Detection on four continents of dengue fever cases related to an ongoing outbreak in Luanda, Angola, March to May 2013. Euro Surveill. 2013;18: .PubMed
  24. Njeru  I. Dengue/DHF Update (33): Asia, Africa, Pacific. ProMed. 2013 Apr 28. [cited 2013 May1] http://www.promedmail.org, archive no. 20130428.1676860

Main Article

1Contributing members of the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network are listed at the end of this article.

Page created: March 12, 2014
Page updated: March 12, 2014
Page reviewed: March 12, 2014
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
file_external