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Volume 20, Number 5—May 2014
Etymologia

Etymologia: Papillomavirus

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Papillomavirus [papʺĭ-loʹmə-viʺrəs]

From the Latin papillo- (“nipple”) + oma (“tumor”), papillomaviruses are nonenveloped DNA viruses that induce exophytic lesions of the skin and mucous membranes. The first animal papillomavirus was described in 1933 by Richard Shope, who researched papillomata in “warty” wild cottontail rabbits. In 1975, Harald zur Hausen published the hypothesis that the human papillomavirus played a role in the etiology of cervical cancer, work for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2008.

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References

  1. Howley  PM, Schiller  JT, Lowy  DR. Papillomaviruses. In: Knipe DM, Howley PM, editors. Fields virology. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2013. p. 1662–703.
  2. Shope  RE, Hurst  EW. Infectious papillomatosis of rabbits. J Exp Med. 1933;58:60724 . DOIPubMed
  3. zur Hausen  H, Gissman  L, Steiner  W, Dippold  W, Dreger  I. Human papilloma viruses and cancer. Bibl Haematol. 1975; (58):56971 .PubMed

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Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid2005.et2005

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Table of Contents – Volume 20, Number 5—May 2014

Page created: April 16, 2014
Page updated: April 16, 2014
Page reviewed: April 16, 2014
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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