Volume 22, Number 4—April 2016
Nipah Virus Transmission from Bats to Humans Associated with Drinking Traditional Liquor Made from Date Palm Sap, Bangladesh, 2011–2014
|Type of case
||Fever or history of fever with axillary temperature >38.5°C, altered mental status, new onset of seizures, or a new neurologic deficit in a patient from an adult or pediatric ward of an NiV surveillance hospital during the NiV season (3).
||Illness meeting the case definition for suspected NiV infection in a person who lived in the same village as a person with laboratory-confirmed NiV infection but who died before specimens could be collected for diagnosis (19).
||Acute onset of fever and subsequent altered mental status or other neurologic deficits during the outbreak period and having NiV IgM or IgG antibodies in serum (19).
||A case in which illness occurred in the absence of contact with a symptomatic case-patient.
|Secondary||Illness in a person whose only known exposure was to a case-patient and whose illness occurred within 5–15 d after that contact (20).|
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