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Volume 23, Supplement—December 2017
Global Health Security Supplement

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Public Health Response to Humanitarian Emergencies, 2007–2016

Andrew T. BoydComments to Author , Susan T. Cookson, Mark Anderson, Oleg O. Bilukha, Muireann Brennan, Thomas Handzel, Colleen Hardy, Farah Husain, Barbara Lopes Cardozo, Carlos Navarro Colorado, Cyrus Shahpar, Leisel Talley, Michael Toole, and Michael Gerber
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Epidemic Intelligence Service, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (A.T. Boyd); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta (S.T. Cookson, M. Anderson, O.O. Bilukha, M. Brennan, T. Handzel, C. Hardy, F. Husain, B.L. Cardozo, C.N. Colorado, C. Shahpar, L. Talley, M. Gerber); Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (M. Toole)

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Definitions of terms related to disasters and humanitarian emergencies

Disaster A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic, or environmental losses and impacts that exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources
Natural disaster A disaster brought about by natural hazards
Human-made disaster A disaster brought about by human activities or events (4)
Humanitarian emergency A disaster resulting in the need for international support (humanitarian assistance) to meet the basic needs of the affected population (4)
Complex emergency A humanitarian emergency associated with fragile states or areas of conflict, in which a total or considerable breakdown of authority has occurred (4)
Global health security A state of collective protection of health through ensuring all countries can effectively prevent, detect, and respond to public health emergencies (5)

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