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Volume 23, Supplement—December 2017
Global Health Security Supplement

Zoonotic Disease Programs for Enhancing Global Health Security

Ermias D. BelayComments to Author , James C. Kile, Aron J. Hall, Casey Barton-Behravesh, Michele B. Parsons, Stephanie J. Salyer, and Henry Walke
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Main Article


Implementation of zoonotic disease program activities using the One Health approach of cross-sectoral collaboration

Activity Methods/mechanisms Benefits
Prioritization of zoonotic disease Semiquantitative tool One Health multisectoral collaboration promotion and strengthening
Workshop consisting of multisectoral teams

Efficient use or resources
Assessment of zoonotic disease burden Measurement of cases of illness Assistance in identifying priorities
Quality-adjusted life years
Economic cost


Zoonotic disease surveillance Evidence-based surveillance Early identification of outbreaks
Indicator-based surveillance Opportunity for preemptive action

Syndromic surveillance Evaluation of prevention, detection, 
and response programs
Mechanisms for data sharing and dissemination
Joint human and animal outbreak response Joint training of human and animal health workforce Early detection and prompt control of zoonotic disease outbreaks
Cross-sector emergency management systems

Joint risk assessments

Development of laboratory systems in public health and veterinary sectors Improved specimen collection, storage, and transportation Identification of disease etiologies
National and regional laboratory capacity development Assistance in risk mapping of priority zoonotic diseases
Laboratory quality and safety management
Surge capacity during emergencies

Support for surveillance and 
outbreak response
Implementation of prevention and control strategies Vaccination of animals and humans as needed Protection of human and animal health
Community and human and animal healthcare 
provider education Strengthening of vaccination infrastructure
Culling of animals (e.g., highly pathogenic avian influenza) Education of communities to assist in emergency response

Main Article

Page created: November 20, 2017
Page updated: November 20, 2017
Page reviewed: November 20, 2017
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.