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Volume 23, Supplement—December 2017
SUPPLEMENT ISSUE
Global Health Security Supplement
Overview

Contributions of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Implementing the Global Health Security Agenda in 17 Partner Countries

Arthur G. FitzmauriceComments to Author , Michael Mahar, Leah F. Moriarty, Maureen Bartee, Mitsuaki Hirai, Wenshu Li, A. Russell Gerber, Jordan W. Tappero, Rebecca Bunnell, and GHSA Implementation Group
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Key CDC-supported accomplishments toward achieving GHSA targets related to national laboratory systems in 17 Phase I countries, 2015–2017*

GHSA target and CDC-supported accomplishments
Related JEE indicators (12)
No. countries
Real-time biosurveillance with a national laboratory system
Strategic planning and assessment
Identified national policies, legal authorities, and gaps for the conduct of a national public health laboratory system P.1.1, P.1.2, D.1.2, D.1.3, D.1.4 17
Operationalized national plan of action with internationally accepted best practices for priority diseases D.1.1, D.1.2, D.1.3, D.1.4 11
Developed tier-specific testing strategies for priority diseases at designated laboratories D.1.3 10
Specimen referral system
Established functional system for specimen transport to reference laboratories within the appropriate timeframe of collection D.1.2 9
Conducted investigations or training exercises to confirm functionality of specimen referral systems D.1.2 8
Training
Trained laboratory technicians
D.1.1, D.1.3
17
Effective modern point-of-care and laboratory-based diagnostics
Strategic planning and assessment
Assessed diagnostics, data quality, and staff performance D.1.1, D.1.3, D.1.4 9
Assessed antimicrobial resistance and drug-resistant tuberculosis laboratory capacity P.3.1 10
Diagnostics
Acquired new diagnostic equipment and capabilities (e.g., specimen test kits) to detect priority pathogens (e.g., influenza virus, poliovirus, HIV, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi, Plasmodium sp., Vibrio cholerae)
D.1.1, D.1.3
16
Whole-of-government national biosafety and biosecurity system is in place, ensuring that especially dangerous pathogens are identified, held, secured, and monitored in a minimal number of facilities according to best practices; biologic risk management training and educational outreach are conducted to promote a shared culture of responsibility, reduce dual-use risks, mitigate biologic proliferation and deliberate use threats, and ensure safe transfer of biologic agents; and country-specific biosafety and biosecurity legislation, laboratory licensing, and pathogen control measures are in place as appropriate
Biosafety and biosecurity
Trained staff on biosafety and biosecurity P.6.2 15
Identified staff in ministries of health, agriculture, and defense responsible for inspection or certification of laboratories for compliance with biosafety and biosecurity requirements P.6.1 8
Inventoried dangerous pathogens and developed a plan to manage them P.6.1 6

*Countries: Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Pakistan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda, and Vietnam. CDC, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; GHSA, Global Health Security Agenda; JEE, Joint External Evaluation tool.

Main Article

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1Members of this group are listed at the end of this article.

Page created: November 29, 2017
Page updated: November 29, 2017
Page reviewed: November 29, 2017
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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