Volume 23, Number 3—March 2017
Molecular, Spatial, and Field Epidemiology Suggesting TB Transmission in Community, Not Hospital, Gaborone, Botswana
|Age, median y (range)||31 (15–55)|
|Primary residence in Gaborone||20 (83)|
|Alcohol use||4 (17)|
|Tobacco use||3 (13)|
|History of visit to the hospital||10 (42)|
|Extrapulmonary involvement†||2 (8)|
|Positive sputum smear at diagnosis||12 (75)‡|
|HIV infection||16 (67)|
|CD4 cells/mL, median (range)§||310 (14–700)|
|Receiving antiretroviral therapy at time of tuberculosis diagnosis||9 (56)|
*Data are no. (%) for 24 patients except as indicated.
†In addition to pulmonary tuberculosis, 2 patients also had extrapulmonary involvement (pleural and abdominal tuberculosis).
‡Sixteen patients had a sputum smear tested at diagnosis.
§CD4 counts were available for 11 of 16 patients with HIV infection.
1Other members of the Kopanyo Study Group are listed at the end of this article.