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Volume 23, Number 3—March 2017

Research

Epidemiology of Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Lung Disease and Tuberculosis, Hawaii, USA

Jennifer AdjemianComments to Author , Timothy B. Frankland, Yihe G. Daida, Jennifer R. Honda, Kenneth N. Olivier, Adrian Zelazny, Stacey Honda, and D. Rebecca Prevots
Author affiliations: United States Public Health Service, Commissioned Corps, Rockville, Maryland, USA (J. Adjemian); National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland, USA (J. Adjemian, A. Zelazny, D.R. Prevots); Kaiser Permanente, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA (T.B. Frankland, Y.G. Daida, S. Honda); University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado, USA (J.R. Honda); National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado, USA (J.R. Honda); National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda (K.N. Olivier)

Main Article

Table 2

Occurrence of selected co-morbid conditions among Kaiser Permanente Hawaii patients who had mycobacterial cultures performed, Hawaii, 2005–2013*

Co-morbidity No. (%)
Total, n = 2,197† NTM isolated
NTMPD, n = 254 TB, n = 40 Culture negative, n = 1,707
NTM, n = 455 MAC, n = 290 M. abscessus, n = 87 M. fortuitum, n = 109
COPD 780 (36) 188 (41) 130 (45) 33 (38) 39 (36) 108 (43) 5 (13) 588 (34)
Bronchiectasis 335 (15) 169 (37) 114 (39) 50 (58) 34 (31) 113 (44) 1 (3) 165 (10)
Cystic fibrosis 4 (0.2) 2 (0.4) 1 (0.3) 1 (1) 0 (0) 2 (0.8) 0 (0) 2 (0.1)
HIV 24 (1) 4 (0.9) 3 (1) 0 (0) 1 (0.9) 4 (2) 0 (0) 20 (1)
Coccidiomycosis 12 (0.6) 4 (0.9) 2 (0.7) 0 (0) 1 (0.9) 1 (0.4) 0 (0) 8 (0.5)
Sarcoidosis 10 (0.5) 3 (0.7) 2 (0.7) 0 (0) 1 (0.9) 0 (0) 0 (0) 7 (0.4)
Malignant neoplasm of trachea, bronchus, or lung 472 (21) 56 (12) 34 (12) 8 (9) 12 (11) 27 (11) 0 (0) 416 (24)
Other malignancies 453 (21) 92 (20) 62 (21) 16 (18) 20 (18) 52 (20) 5 (13) 357 (21)

*COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; MAC, Mycobacterium avium complex; NTM, nontuberculous mycobacteria; NTMPD, NTM pulmonary disease; TB, tuberculosis.
†Total number and percentage of patients with co-morbidity out of all Kaiser Permanente Hawaii patients with pulmonary mycobacterial culture results.

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