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Volume 23, Number 5—May 2017

Exposure Characteristics of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome Patients, United States, 1993–2015

Annabelle de St. MauriceComments to Author , Elizabeth Ervin, Mare Schumacher, Hayley Yaglom, Elizabeth VinHatton, Sandra Melman, Ken Komatsu, Jennifer House, Dallin Peterson, Danielle Buttke, Alison Ryan, Del Yazzie, Craig Manning, Paul Ettestad, Pierre E. Rollin, and Barbara Knust
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (A. de St. Maurice, E. Ervin, C. Manning, P. Rollin, B. Knust); Coconino County Public Health Services District, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA (M. Schumacher); Arizona Department of Health Services, Phoenix, Arizona, USA (H. Yaglom, K. Komatsu); New Mexico Department of Health, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA (E. VinHatton, S. Melman, P. Ettestad); Colorado Department of Health, Denver, Colorado, USA (J. House); Utah Department of Health, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA (D. Peterson); National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA (D. Buttke); Navajo Department of Health, Window Rock, Arizona, USA (A. Ryan, D. Yazzie)

Main Article

Table 1

Demographics of laboratory-confirmed hantavirus pulmonary syndrome case-patients, United States, 1993–2015*

Case-patients, n = 662
No. (%)
Age, y
<18 53 (8)
18–39 303 (46)
40–64 250 (38)
48 (7)
Race, n = 648
White 488 (78)
American Indian 113 (18)
Black 8 (1)
Asian/Pacific Islander 10 (2)
1 (<1)
Male, n = 655
414 (63)
US Region, n = 662
Eastern 27 (4)
635 (96)
Not Hispanic, n = 525
404 (77)
Employment status
Not reported 212 (32)
Unemployed 29 (4)
Retired 28 (4)
Student 39 (6)
Employed with reported occupation
354 (54)
Reported occupations, n = 354
No frequent rodent exposure 190 (54)
Potential frequent rodent exposure 164 (46)
Agriculture/ranching† 80 (49)
Construction/landscaping‡ 43(26)
Forestry/parks/outdoor recreation§ 14 (9)
Cleaning¶ 12 (7)
Oil field# 9 (5)
Animal work** 6 (4)

*Median patient age (interquartile range) 37 (26–50) years.
†Farmer, rancher, rodeo worker, feedlot rider, dairy manager, bovine hoof trimming specialist, hay transporter.
‡Masonry, roofer, horticulturalist, electrician, building inspector, appliance repair, field laborer, and surveyor.
§Conservation worker, rafting outfitter, fisheries technician, outdoor guide, outdoor researcher with no direct animal contact.
¶Janitor and carpet cleaner.
#Well digger, oil field worker.
**Small mammal researcher, exterminator.

Main Article

Page created: April 13, 2017
Page updated: April 13, 2017
Page reviewed: April 13, 2017
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.