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Volume 24, Number 11—November 2018
Etymologia

Etymologia: Cronobacter sakazakii

Ronnie HenryComments to Author 

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Cronobacter sakazakii [kroʹno-bakʺtər sakʹǝ-zakʺee-ī]

Figure

Thumbnail of Francisco Goya (1746–1828), Saturn Devouring His Son, 1819–1823, oil mural transferred to canvas, via Wikimedia Commons.

Figure. Francisco Goya (1746–1828), Saturn Devouring His Son, 1819–1823, oil mural transferred to canvas, via Wikimedia Commons.

The first documented isolation of what would become known as Cronobacter sakazakii was from a can of dried milk in 1950, although these organisms have likely existed for millions of years. In 1980, John J. Farmer III, proposed the name Enterobacter sakazakii for what had been known as “yellow-pigmented E. cloacae,” in honor of Japanese bacteriologist Riichi Sakazaki. Over the next decades, E. sakazakii was implicated in scores of cases of meningitis and sepsis among infants, frequently in association with powdered infant formula. In 2007, the genus Cronobacter was created to accommodate the biogroups of E. sakazakii, with C. sakazakii as the type species. The genus was named for Cronos, the Titan of Greek myth, who devoured his children as they were born (Figure).

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References

  1. Farmer  JJ III. My 40-year history with Cronobacter/Enterobacter sakazakii—lessons learned, myths debunked, and recommendations. Front Pediatr. 2015;3:84. DOIPubMed
  2. Farmer  JJ, Asbury  MA, Hickman  FW, Brenner  DJ. The Enterobacteriaceae Study Group. Enterobacter sakazakii: a new species of “Enterobacteriaceae” isolated from clinical specimens. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 1980;30:56984.
  3. Iversen  C, Mullane  N, McCardell  B, Tall  BD, Lehner  A, Fanning  S, et al. Cronobacter gen. nov., a new genus to accommodate the biogroups of Enterobacter sakazakii, and proposal of Cronobacter sakazakii gen. nov., comb. nov., Cronobacter malonaticus sp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov., Cronobacter genomospecies 1, and of three subspecies, Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. dublinensis subsp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lausannensis subsp. nov. and Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lactaridi subsp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:14427. DOIPubMed

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Figure

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Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid2411.et2411

Original Publication Date: September 27, 2018

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Table of Contents – Volume 24, Number 11—November 2018

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Ronnie Henry, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop E28, Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, USA

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Page created: October 16, 2018
Page updated: October 16, 2018
Page reviewed: October 16, 2018
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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