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Volume 24, Number 11—November 2018

Etymologia

Etymologia: Cronobacter sakazakii

Ronnie HenryComments to Author 

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EID Henry R. Etymologia: Cronobacter sakazakii. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018;24(11):2124. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2411.et2411
AMA Henry R. Etymologia: Cronobacter sakazakii. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2018;24(11):2124. doi:10.3201/eid2411.et2411.
APA Henry, R. (2018). Etymologia: Cronobacter sakazakii. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 24(11), 2124. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2411.et2411.

Cronobacter sakazakii [kroʹno-bakʺtər sakʹǝ-zakʺee-ī]

Figure

Thumbnail of Francisco Goya (1746–1828), Saturn Devouring His Son, 1819–1823, oil mural transferred to canvas, via Wikimedia Commons.

Figure. Francisco Goya (1746–1828), Saturn Devouring His Son, 1819–1823, oil mural transferred to canvas, via Wikimedia Commons.

The first documented isolation of what would become known as Cronobacter sakazakii was from a can of dried milk in 1950, although these organisms have likely existed for millions of years. In 1980, John J. Farmer III, proposed the name Enterobacter sakazakii for what had been known as “yellow-pigmented E. cloacae,” in honor of Japanese bacteriologist Riichi Sakazaki. Over the next decades, E. sakazakii was implicated in scores of cases of meningitis and sepsis among infants, frequently in association with powdered infant formula. In 2007, the genus Cronobacter was created to accommodate the biogroups of E. sakazakii, with C. sakazakii as the type species. The genus was named for Cronos, the Titan of Greek myth, who devoured his children as they were born (Figure).

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References

  1. Farmer  JJ III. My 40-year history with Cronobacter/Enterobacter sakazakii—lessons learned, myths debunked, and recommendations. Front Pediatr. 2015;3:84. DOIPubMed
  2. Farmer  JJ, Asbury  MA, Hickman  FW, Brenner  DJ. The Enterobacteriaceae Study Group. Enterobacter sakazakii: a new species of “Enterobacteriaceae” isolated from clinical specimens. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 1980;30:56984.
  3. Iversen  C, Mullane  N, McCardell  B, Tall  BD, Lehner  A, Fanning  S, et al. Cronobacter gen. nov., a new genus to accommodate the biogroups of Enterobacter sakazakii, and proposal of Cronobacter sakazakii gen. nov., comb. nov., Cronobacter malonaticus sp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov., Cronobacter genomospecies 1, and of three subspecies, Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. dublinensis subsp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lausannensis subsp. nov. and Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lactaridi subsp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:14427. DOIPubMed

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Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid2411.et2411

Original Publication Date: 9/27/2018

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Table of Contents – Volume 24, Number 11—November 2018

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Ronnie Henry, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop E28, Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, USA


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