Volume 24, Number 6—June 2018
Intense Focus of Alveolar Echinococcosis, South Kyrgyzstan
|Dependent variable, risk factor||Relative risk (95% CI)||p value|
|Ultrasound diagnosis of AE|
|Patient age†||0.982 (0.969–0.995)||0.0074|
|Male sex||1.56 (1.07–2.29)||0.021|
|Dog ownership||1.82 (1.24–2.72)||0.0025|
|Home slaughter of livestock||1.60 (1.03–2.56)||0.043|
|Dog ownership among persons with probable and confirmed AE‡||2.81 (1.64–5.09)||0.00033|
*Probable diagnosis: ultrasound and serology; confirmed diagnosis: ultrasound and histology/PCR. AE, alveolar echinococcosis.
†Median age of persons with possible AE was 24 y; median age of AE-negative persons was 28 y.
‡Dog ownership was the only risk factor remaining as significant when only probable and confirmed AE were analyzed as the dependent variables.