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Volume 24, Number 6—June 2018

Pulmonary Infections with Nontuberculous Mycobacteria, Catalonia, Spain, 1994–2014

Miguel SantinComments to Author , Irene Barrabeig, Pierre Malchair, Lucia Gonzalez-Luquero, Miguel A. Benitez, Josefina Sabria, Merce Palau-Benavent, Concepcion Cañete, Joan A. Lloret-Queraltó, Maria D. Grijota-Camino, Jordi Dorca, and Fernando Alcaide
Author affiliations: Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL, L’Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain (M. Santin, P. Malchair, L. Gonzalez-Luquero, M.D. Grijota-Camino, J. Dorca, F. Alcaide); University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain (M. Santin, J. Dorca, F. Alcaide); Agency of Public Health of Catalonia, Barcelona (I. Barrabeig); Consorci del Laboratory Intercomarcal de l’Alt Penedès, l’Anoia i el Garraf, Vilafranca del Penedès, Spain (M.A. Benitez); Hospital Moisés Broggi, Sant Joan Despí, Spain (J. Sabria, C. Cañete); Hospital de Viladecans, Viladecans, Spain (M. Palau-Benavent, J.A. Lloret-Queraltó)

Main Article

Table 2

Bivariate Poisson regression analysis of changes in prevalence rates of nontuberculous mycobacteria isolation and pulmonary disease by species. Barcelona-South Health Region, Catalonia, Spain, 1994–2014*


Pulmonary disease
No. patients
RR (95% CI)
p value
No. patients
RR (95% CI)
p value
Mycobacterium kansasii 194 0.92 (0.89–0.94) <0.0001 154 0.91 (0.87–0.93) <0.0001
M. avium complex 139 1.10 (1.07–1.15) <0.0001 67 1.13 (1.08–1.18) <0.0001
M. xenopi 96 1.03 (0.99–1.08) 0.16 16 1.06 (0.98–1.13) 0.10
M. abscessus 17 1.22 (1.11–1.33) <0.0001 11 1.24 ( 0.002
Other‡ 234 1.10 (1.08–1.12) <0.0001 9 1.11 (0.99–1.24) 0.06

*RR, relative risk
†2003–2014 only.
‡Rapidly growing mycobacteria other than M. abscessus, and other species of mycobacteria.

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Page created: May 17, 2018
Page updated: May 17, 2018
Page reviewed: May 17, 2018
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