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Volume 26, Number 11—November 2020
Research Letter

Sociodemographic Predictors of SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Obstetric Patients, Georgia, USA

Naima T. JosephComments to Author , Kaitlyn K. Stanhope, Martina L. Badell, John P. Horton, Sheree L. Boulet, and Denise J. Jamieson
Author affiliation: Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Main Article

Table

Sociodemographic and neighborhood characteristics associated with increased prevalence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection in laboring women, Georgia, USA*

Demographics No. patients, N = 1,882 Total tested positive Prevalence, % (95% CI)† p value
Patient
Age, y 0.34
<20 108 7 6.5 (1.8–11.12)
20–35 1,393 57 4.1 (3.1–5.1)
>35 381 13 3.4 (1.6–5.2)
Race/ethnicity <0.001
Non-Hispanic Black 1,353 52 3.8 (2.8–4.9)
Non-Hispanic White 226 0 0
Hispanic 139 22 15.8 (9.8–21.9)
Asian/other 164 3 1.8 (−0.2 to 3.9)
Insurance type <0.001
Commercial 698 11 1.6 (0.7–2.5)
Medicaid/Medicare 1,015 49 4.8 (3.5–6.1)
Uninsured
169
17
10.1 (5.5–14.6)

Neighborhood†
Median household income 0.06
Lower average income 934 47 5.0 (3.6–6.4)
Higher average income 939 30 3.2 (2.1–4.3)
Below federal poverty limit 0.20
Lower poverty 924 32 3.5 (2.3–4.6)
Higher poverty 949 45 4.7 (3.4–6.1)
Use of public transit 0.25
Less transit use 950 34 3.6 (2.4–4.8)
More transit use 923 43 4.7 (3.3–6.0)
Proportion non-White 0.73
Lower percent minority 944 37 3.9 (2.7–5.2)
Greater percent minority 929 40 4.3 (3.0–5.6)
Household crowding 0.02
Small household size 944 49 5.2 (3.8–6.6)
Large household size 929 28 3.0 (1.9–4.1)
Neighborhood density 0.03
Less dense 911 28 3.1 (2.0–4.2)
More dense 958 49 5.1 (3.7–6.5)
Neighborhood deprivation index 0.64
Less deprived 935 36 3.9 (2.6–5.1)
More deprived 938 41 4.4 (3.1–5.7)

*Lower/less/small categories indicate <50th percentile; higher/more/large categories indicate >50th percentile. IQR, interquartile range; NDI, neighborhood deprivation index; Pr., proportion.
†Prevalence is for entire cohort. Nine women provided out-of-state zip codes and were excluded from the neighborhood analysis; all 9 tested negative.

Main Article

Page created: September 11, 2020
Page updated: October 19, 2020 2:31 PM EDT
Page reviewed: October 19, 2020 2:31 PM EDT
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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