Volume 26, Number 5—May 2020
Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Sex Differences in Social Contact Patterns and Implications for Tuberculosis Transmission and Control
|Survey region and country
||Reporting period, h
||Age of adults, y
|South Africa||2010||Township||24||“physical touch” or “a 2-way conversation with 3 or more words in the physical presence of another person without physical touch”||>15||>15||186||191||92||102||571||(25)|
|South Africa||2011||8 communities in Western Cape||24||“face-to-face conversation that was longer than a greeting and within an arm’s reach”||>18||>13||634||636||0||0||1,270||(10)|
|Zambia||2011||16 communities||24||“face-to-face conversation that was longer than a greeting and within an arm’s reach”||>18||>13||1,018||1,124||0||0||2,142||(10)|
||“interaction between two individuals, either physical (when involving skin-to-skin contact), or non-physical (when involving a two-way conversation with three or more words in the physical presence of another person, but no skin-to-skin contact)”
||“a conversation with another person that is physically present and no farther than 3 meters, or a physical contact involving skin-to-skin touching, e.g., a kiss or handshake (either with or without conversation)”
|Belgium||2005–2006||National||24||“either skin-to-skin contact such as a kiss or handshake (a physical contact), or a two-way conversation with three or more words in the physical presence of another person but no skin-to-skin contact (a nonphysical contact)”||>15||>15||238||290||111||106||745||(14)|
|Belgium||2010–2011||Flanders||24||“a two-way conversation with a dialog of at least 3 words and skin-to-skin touching either with or without conversation.”||>15||>15||620||783||192||152||1,747||(27)|
|Finland||2005–2006||National||24||“either skin-to-skin contact such as a kiss or handshake (a physical contact), or a two-way conversation with three or more words in the physical presence of another person but no skin-to-skin contact (a nonphysical contact)”||>15||>15||327||362||155||131||975||(14)|
|France||2012||National||48||“talking to someone within a distance of less than 2 meters, or skin-to skin touching”||>15||>15||450||668||316||310||1,744||(15)|
|Germany||2005–2006||National||24||“either skin-to-skin contact such as a kiss or handshake (a physical contact), or a two-way conversation with three or more words in the physical presence of another person but no skin-to-skin contact (a nonphysical contact)”||>15||>15||426||553||137||144||1,260||(14)|
||“an interaction in close proximity with three or more words directed to the infant or a physical skin-to-skin contact between infant and another person”
|Australia||2008||Greater Melbourne||72||“two-way or small group conversational exchange of at least 3 words, or any skin-to-skin contact”||>20||>15||11||54||0||0||65||(29)|
|Australia||2013||Greater Melbourne||24||“two-way face-to-face conversation of more than three words or any physical contact”||>18||>15||490||750||0||0||1,240||(30)|
|China||2010||Taiwan||24||“physical contacts and those nonphysical contacts with verbal communication made within 2 meters”||>15||>15||807||801||183||152||1,943||(22)|
|China||2015–2016||Hong Kong||24||“skin-to-skin touch such as a handshake (a physical contact) or a face-to-face conversation with three or more words in the physical presence of both the participant and the contact within two meters”||>15||>15||435||461||116||123||1,135||(13)|
|Vietnam||2007||Semirural community in Red River Delta||24||“either skin-to-skin contact (a physical contact), or a two-way conversation with three or more words in the physical presence of another person but no skin-to-skin contact”||>16||>16||264||346||125||125||860||(24)|
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