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Volume 26, Number 7—July 2020

Survey of Parental Use of Antimicrobial Drugs for Common Childhood Infections, China

Leesa Lin, Stephan Harbarth, Xiaomin Wang, and Xudong ZhouComments to Author 
Author affiliations: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK (L. Lin); University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland (S. Harbarth); Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China (X. Wang, X. Zhou)

Main Article


Characteristics of antibiotic prescriptions for children with common childhood illnesses in the previous month, China*

Study question Children brought to medical facility, N = 2,478, no. (%)
Children prescribed antibiotics, n = 1,323 [53.39%]
No. (%) OR aOR (95% CI)† p value‡
What was the medical facility used when seeking care for your child? (urban/rural) 0.04
Tertiary hospital 367 (14.8) 174 (47.41) Referent Referent
Secondary/county hospital 1,057 (42.7) 592 (56.01) 1.41 (1.11–1.79) 1.43 (1.11–1.84)
Community health centers/township hospital 719 (29.0) 373 (51.88) 1.20 (0.93–1.54) 1.17 (0.90–1.53)
Private clinics/ village clinics
335 (13.5)

184 (54.93)
1.35 (1.00–1.82)
1.21 (0.89–1.65)

When seeking care at the medical facility, did you ask the doctor for antibiotics? <0.0001
No 2,292 (92.5) 1,175 (88.81) Referent Referent
Yes 186 (7.5) 148 (11.19) 3.70 (2.57–5.34) 3.71 (2.56–5.38)

*Bold text indicates a statistically significant difference (p<0.05). aOR, adjusted odds ratio; OR, odds ratio.
†Adjusted for children’s sex and age, urban/rural residence, and province.
‡Determined by likelihood ratio test.

Main Article

Page created: May 08, 2020
Page updated: June 18, 2020
Page reviewed: June 18, 2020
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