Effects of Tick-Control Interventions on Tick Abundance, Human Encounters with Ticks, and Incidence of Tickborne Diseases in Residential Neighborhoods, New York, USA
, Stacy Mowry, William Bremer, Shannon Duerr, Andrew S. Evans, Ilya R. Fischhoff, Alison F. Hinckley, Sarah A. Hook, Fiona Keating, Jennifer Pendleton, Ashley Pfister, Marissa Teator, and Richard S. Ostfeld1
Author affiliations: Bard College, Annandale, New York, USA (F. Keesing); Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, New York, USA (S. Mowry, W. Bremer, S. Duerr, I.R. Fischhoff, F. Keating, J. Pendleton, A. Pfister, M. Teator, R.S. Ostfeld); Dutchess County Department of Behavioral and Community Health, Poughkeepsie, New York, USA (A.S. Evans Jr.); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA (A.F. Hinckley, S.A. Hook)
Figure 2. Detection of questing nymphal ticks during study of tick-control interventions in residential neighborhoods, New York, USA. A) Mean number of questing nymphal ticks per flagging interval (Appendix). B) Mean percentage of properties with questing nymphal ticks detected for each treatment group and in each habitat type (forest, lawn, shrub or garden). Totals are averaged over 3 years for each neighborhood. Data include ticks from the nymphal sampling period in May–July. Error bars represent SEM. TCS, Tick Control System.
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