Volume 4, Number 2—June 1998
Wild Primate Populations in Emerging Infectious Disease Research: The Missing Link?
|Route of exchange||Pathogen||Direction of exchange||Evidencea||Reference|
|Animal bite||Herpes B||Nonhuman primate to human||E||6b|
|Monkeypox||Nonhuman primate to human||E||7|
|Fecal-oral||Poliovirus||Human to nonhuman primate||L||2b|
|Poliovirus||Chimpanzee to chimpanzee||E||8|
|Hunting, food prep & eating||Ebola||Nonhuman primate to human||E||9|
|Nasal secretions||Mycobacterium leprae||Among primates||P, L||10b|
|Respiratory droplet||Tuberculosis||Human to nonhuman primate||L||11b|
|Water-mediated||Dracunculiasis||Human to nonhuman primate||L||13|
|Schistosomiasis||Nonhuman primate to human||E||14|
|Xenotransplantation||SV40||Nonhuman primate to human||Ec||15b|
aL = laboratory; E = epidemiologic ; P = evidence that parasites live naturally in multiple primate hosts.
cThe only current evidence for xenotransplantation includes SV40 spread through vaccine production.
Page created: December 14, 2010
Page updated: December 14, 2010
Page reviewed: December 14, 2010
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.