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Volume 8, Number 5—May 2002


Hospital-based Diagnosis of Hemorrhagic Fever, Encephalitis, and Hepatitis in Cambodian Children

Y. Meng Chhour*, Gaye Ruble†, Rathavuth Hong*, Kyi Minn‡, Yuvatha Kdan*, Touch Sok*, Ananda Nisalak†, Khin Saw Aye Myint†, David W. Vaughn§, and Timothy P. Endy†Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *National Pediatric Hospital, Phnom Penh, Cambodia; †Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangkok, Thailand; ‡World Vision International, Phnom Penh, Cambodia; §Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA;

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Table 1

Characteristics of pediatric patients with clinical hemorrhagic fever, encephalitis, or hepatitis, National Pediatric Hospital, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, July 1996–September 1998a

Syndrome Total no. of cases Males Females Mean age (range) Outcome
Total hemorrhagic fever 621 288 332 7 years (5 mo-15 yrs) 11b
Secondary dengue 495 222 272 7 years (8 mo-15 yrs) 4b
Primary dengue 14 8 6 4 years (5 mo-9 yrs)
Total encephalitis 50 15 35 4 years (3 mo-14 yrs) 17b
JE 9 6 3 6 years (3-10 yrs) 2b
Total hepatitis 44 21 23 6 years (2 mo-14 yrs)
Hepatitis A 24 12 12 5 years (2 mo-9 yrs)
Hepatitis B 1 1 0 10 years

aTotal number of hospital admissions during this period was 16,492 children.
JE, Japanese encephalitis; —, all recovered.

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