Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 9, Number 5—May 2003
Research

Global Illness and Deaths Caused by Rotavirus Disease in Children

Umesh D. Parashar*Comments to Author , Erik G. Hummelman*, Joseph S. Bresee*, Mark A. Miller†, and Roger I. Glass*
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA

Main Article

Table 3

Annual incidence of hospitalizations for rotavirus gastroenteritis in children <5 years of age in selected industrialized countries

Country (reference) Y Annual incidence/per 100,000 children Cumulative incidence by 5 y of age
Spain (11) 1989–1995 250 1 in 80
Netherlands (12) 1998 270 1 in 74
United States (13) 1993–1995 274 1 in 73
Poland (14) 1996 310 1 in 65
Sweden (15) 1993–1996 370a 1 in 54
United Kingdom (16) 1993–1994 520 1 in 38
Finland (17) 1985–1995 610 1 in 33
Australia (18) 1993–1996 750 1 in 27
Hungary (19) 1993–1996 840a 1 in 24
Australia (20) 1991–1993 870 1 in 23

aIncidence for children <4 years of age.

Main Article

References
  1. De Zoysa  I, Feachem  RG. Interventions for the control of diarrhoeal disease among young children: rotavirus and cholera immunization. Bull World Health Organ. 1985;63:56983.PubMed
  2. Parashar  UD, Bresee  JS, Gentsch  JR, Glass  RI. Rotavirus. Emerg Infect Dis. 1998;4:56270. DOI
  3. Bresee  J, Glass  RI, Ivanoff  B, Gentsch  J. Current status and future priorities for rotavirus vaccine development, evaluation, and implementation in developing countries. Vaccine. 1999;17:220722. DOIPubMed
  4. Murphy  TV, Gargiullo  PM, Massoudi  MS, Nelson  DB, Jumaan  AO, Okoro  CA, Intussusception among infants given an oral rotavirus vaccine. N Engl J Med. 2001;344:56472. DOIPubMed
  5. Kosek  M, Bern  C, Guerrant  RL. The magnitude of the global burden of diarrheal disease from studies published 1992–2000. Bull World Health Organ. 2003. In press.PubMed
  6. Miller  MA, McCann  L. Policy analysis of the use of hepatitis B, Haemophilus influenzae type b-, Streptococcus pneumoniae-conjugate, and rotavirus vaccines, in National Immunization Schedules. Health Econ. 2000;9:1935. DOIPubMed
  7. The sex and age distribution of the world’s populations: The 1994 revision. New York: United Nations; 1994.
  8. Ferreccio  C, Prado  V, Ojeda  A, Cayyazo  M, Abrego  P, Guers  L, Epidemiologic patterns of acute diarrhea and endemic Shigella infections in children in a poor periurban setting in Santiago, Chile. Am J Epidemiol. 1991;134:61427.PubMed
  9. World Bank. Classification of economies by income, 2000. Available from: URL: http://www.worldbank.org/poverty/wdrpoverty/report/ch12b.pdf. [cited 2003 Feb 25].
  10. Punyaratabandhu  P, Vathanophas  K, Varavithya  W, Sangchai  R, Athipanyakom  S, Echeverria  P, Childhood diarrhoea in a low-income urban community in Bangkok: incidence, clinical features, and child caretaker’s behaviours. J Diarrhoeal Dis Res. 1991;9:2449.PubMed
  11. Visser  LE, Cano Portero  R, Gay  NJ, Martinez Navarro  JF. Impact of rotavirus disease in Spain: an estimate of hospital admissions due to rotavirus. Acta Paediatr. 1999;88:S726. DOI
  12. deWit  MAS, Koopmans  MPG, van der Blig  JF, van Duynhoven  YTHP. Hospital admissions for rotavirus infection in the Netherlands. Clin Infect Dis. 2000;31:698704. DOIPubMed
  13. Parashar  UD, Holman  RC, Clarke  MJ, Bresee  JS, Glass  RI. Hospitalizations associated with rotavirus diarrhea in the United States, 1993 through 1995: surveillance based on the new ICD-9-CM rotavirus-specific diagnostic code. J Infect Dis. 1998;177:137. DOIPubMed
  14. Mrukowicz  JZ, Krobicka  B, Duplaga  M, Kowalska-Duplaga  K, Domanski  J, Szajewska  H, Epidemiology and impact of rotavirus diarrhoea in Poland. Acta Paediatr. 1999;88:5360. DOIPubMed
  15. Johansen  K, Bennet  R, Bondesson  K, Eriksson  M, Hedlund  KO, De Verdier Klingenberg  K, Incidence and estimates of the disease burden of rotavirus in Sweden. Acta Paediatr. 1999;426:S203. DOI
  16. Ryan  MJ, Ramsay  M, Brown  D, Gay  NJ, Farrington  CP, Wall  PG. Hospital admissions attributable to rotavirus infection in England and Wales. J Infect Dis. 1996;174(Suppl 1):S128.PubMed
  17. Vesikari  T, Rautanen  T, Bonsdorff  CHV. Rotavirus gastroenteritis in Finland: burden of disease and epidemiological features. Acta Paediatr. 1999;426:S2430. DOI
  18. Carlin  JB, Chondros  P, Masendycz  P, Bugg  H, Bishop  RF, Barnes  GL. Rotavirus infection and rates of hospitalisation for acute gastroenteritis in young children in Australia, 1993‑1996. Med J Aust. 1998;169:2526.PubMed
  19. Szucs  G, Uj  M, Mihaly  I, Deak  J. Burden of human rotavirus-associated hospitalizations in three geographic regions of Hungary. Acta Paediatr. 1999;426:S615. DOI
  20. Ferson  MJ. Hospitalizations for rotavirus gastroenteritis among children under five years of age in New South Wales. Med J Aust. 1996;164:2736.PubMed
  21. Ford-Jones  EL, Wang  E, Petric  M, Corey  P, Moineddin  R, Fearon  M. Rotavirus-associated diarrhea in outpatient settings and child care centers. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000;154:58693.PubMed
  22. Rodriguez  WJ, Kim  HW, Brandt  CD, Schwartz  RH, Gardner  MK, Jeffries  B, Longitudinal study of rotavirus infection and gastroenteritis in families served by a pediatric medical practice: clinical and epidemiologic observations. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1987;6:1706. DOIPubMed
  23. Institute of Medicine. The prospects of immunizing against rotavirus. In: New vaccine development: diseases of importance in developing countries. Washington: National Academy Press; 1986: D13-1–D13-12.
  24. Victora  CG, Bryce  J, Fontaine  O, Monasch  R. Reducing deaths from diarrhoea through oral rehydration therapy. Bull World Health Organ. 2000;78:124655.PubMed
  25. de Onis  M, Frongillo  EA, Blossner  M. Is malnutrition declining? An analysis of changes in levels of child malnutrition since 1980. Bull World Health Organ. 2000;78:122233.PubMed
  26. Snyder  JD, Merson  MH. The magnitude of the global problem of acute diarrhoeal disease: a review of active surveillance data. Bull World Health Organ. 1982;60:60513.PubMed
  27. Miller  P, Hirschhorn  N. The effect of a national control of diarrheal diseases program on mortality: the case of Egypt. Soc Sci Med. 1995;40:S130. DOIPubMed
  28. Langsten  R, Hill  K. Diarrhoeal disease, oral rehydration, and childhood mortality in rural Egypt. J Trop Pediatr. 1994;40:2728.PubMed
  29. Villa  S, Guiscafre  H, Martinez  H, Munoz  O, Guiterrez  G. Seasonal diarrhoeal mortality among Mexican Children. Bull World Health Organ. 1999;77:37580.PubMed
  30. Cama  RI, Parashar  UD, Taylor  DN, Hickey  T, Figueroa  D, Ortega  YR, Enteropathogens and other factors associated with severe disease in children with acute watery diarrhea in Lima, Peru. J Infect Dis. 1999;179:113944. DOIPubMed
  31. Nguyen  VM, Nguyen  VT, Huynh  PL, Dang  DT, Nguyen  TH, Phan  VT, The epidemiology and disease burden of rotavirus in Vietnam: sentinel surveillance at 6 hospitals. J Infect Dis. 2001;183:170712. DOIPubMed
  32. Mobley  CC, Boerma  JT, Titus  S, Lohrke  B, Shangula  K, Black  RE. Validation study of a verbal autopsy method for causes of childhood mortality in Namibia. J Trop Pediatr. 1996;42:3659. DOIPubMed
  33. Kalter  HD, Gray  RH, Black  RE, Gultiano  SA. Validation of postmortem interviews to ascertain selected causes of death in children. Int J Epidemiol. 1990;19:3806. DOIPubMed
  34. Snow  RW, Armstrong  JR, Forster  D, Winstanley  MT, Marsh  VM, Newton  CR, Childhood deaths in Africa: uses and limitations of verbal autopsies. Lancet. 1992;340:3515. DOIPubMed
  35. Unicomb  LE, Kilgore  PE, Faruque  SG, Hamadani  JD, Fuchs  GJ, Albert  MJ, Anticipating rotavirus vaccines: hospital-based surveillance for rotavirus diarrhea and estimates of disease burden in Bangladesh. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1997;16:94751. DOIPubMed
  36. Ehrenkranz  P, Lanata  CF, Penny  ME, Salazar-Lindo  E, Glass  RI. Rotavirus diarrhea disease burden in Peru: the need for a rotavirus vaccine and its potential cost savings. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2001;10:2408. DOIPubMed
  37. Jain  V, Parashar  UD, Glass  RI, Bhan  MK. Epidemiology of rotavirus in India. Indian J Pediatr. 2001;68:85562. DOIPubMed

Main Article

Page created: December 08, 2010
Page updated: December 08, 2010
Page reviewed: December 08, 2010
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
file_external