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Volume 1, Number 2—April 1995

Volume 1, Number 2—April 1995   PDF Version [PDF - 1.30 MB - 34 pages]

Perspective

  • Travel and the Emergence of Infectious Diseases PDF Version [PDF - 74 KB - 8 pages]
    M. E. Wilson
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    Travel is a potent force in the emergence of disease. Migration of humans has been the pathway for disseminating infectious diseases throughout recorded history and will continue to shape the emergence, frequency, and spread of infections in geographic areas and populations. The current volume, speed, and reach of travel are unprecedented. The consequences of travel extend beyond the traveler to the population visited and the ecosystem. When they travel, humans carry their genetic makeup, immunologic sequelae of past infections, cultural preferences, customs, and behavioral patterns. Microbes, animals, and other biologic life also accompany them. Today's massive movement of humans and materials sets the stage for mixing diverse genetic pools at rates and in combinations previously unknown. Concomitant changes in the environment, climate, technology, land use, human behavior, and demographics converge to favor the emergence of infectious diseases caused by a broad range of organisms in humans, as well as in plants and animals.

        Cite This Article
    EID Wilson ME. Travel and the Emergence of Infectious Diseases. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(2):39-46. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0102.950201
    AMA Wilson ME. Travel and the Emergence of Infectious Diseases. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(2):39-46. doi:10.3201/eid0102.950201.
    APA Wilson, M. E. (1995). Travel and the Emergence of Infectious Diseases. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(2), 39-46. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0102.950201.
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Synopses

  • Escherichia coli Serotype O157:H7: Novel Vehicles of Infection and Emergence of Phenotypic Variants PDF Version [PDF - 60 KB - 6 pages]
    P. Feng
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    Escherichia coli serotype O157:H7 was only recognized as a human pathogen a little more than a decade ago, yet it has become a major foodborne pathogen. In the United States, the severity of serotype O157:H7 infections in the young and the elderly has had a tremendous impact on human health, the food industry, and federal regulations regarding food safety. The implication of acidic foods as vehicles of infection has dispelled the concept that low-pH foods are safe. Further, the association of nonbovine products with outbreaks suggests that other vehicles of transmission may exist for this pathogen. In laboratory diagnosis, most microbiologic assays rely on a single phenotype to selectively isolate this pathogen. However, the increasing evidence that phenotypic variations exist among isolates in this serogroup may eventually necessitate modifications in assay procedures to detect them.

        Cite This Article
    EID Feng P. Escherichia coli Serotype O157:H7: Novel Vehicles of Infection and Emergence of Phenotypic Variants. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(2):47-52. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0102.950202
    AMA Feng P. Escherichia coli Serotype O157:H7: Novel Vehicles of Infection and Emergence of Phenotypic Variants. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(2):47-52. doi:10.3201/eid0102.950202.
    APA Feng, P. (1995). Escherichia coli Serotype O157:H7: Novel Vehicles of Infection and Emergence of Phenotypic Variants. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(2), 47-52. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0102.950202.
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Dispatches

  • Epidemic-Associated Neisseria meningitidis Detected by Multilocus Enzyme Electrophoresis PDF Version [PDF - 30 KB - 2 pages]
    M. W. Reeves et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Reeves MW, Perkins BA, Diermayer M, Wenger JD. Epidemic-Associated Neisseria meningitidis Detected by Multilocus Enzyme Electrophoresis. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(2):53-54. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0102.950203
    AMA Reeves MW, Perkins BA, Diermayer M, et al. Epidemic-Associated Neisseria meningitidis Detected by Multilocus Enzyme Electrophoresis. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(2):53-54. doi:10.3201/eid0102.950203.
    APA Reeves, M. W., Perkins, B. A., Diermayer, M., & Wenger, J. D. (1995). Epidemic-Associated Neisseria meningitidis Detected by Multilocus Enzyme Electrophoresis. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(2), 53-54. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0102.950203.
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  • Dengue/Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever: The Emergence of a Global Health Problem PDF Version [PDF - 114 KB - 3 pages]
    D. J. Gubler and G. G. Clark
            Cite This Article
    EID Gubler DJ, Clark GG. Dengue/Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever: The Emergence of a Global Health Problem. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(2):55-57. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0102.950204
    AMA Gubler DJ, Clark GG. Dengue/Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever: The Emergence of a Global Health Problem. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(2):55-57. doi:10.3201/eid0102.950204.
    APA Gubler, D. J., & Clark, G. G. (1995). Dengue/Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever: The Emergence of a Global Health Problem. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(2), 55-57. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0102.950204.
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  • Progress Toward the Eradication of Dracunculiasis (Guinea Worm Disease): 1994 PDF Version [PDF - 363 KB - 3 pages]
    E. Ruiz-Tiben et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Ruiz-Tiben E, Hopkins DR, Ruebush TK, Kaiser RL. Progress Toward the Eradication of Dracunculiasis (Guinea Worm Disease): 1994. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(2):58-60. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0102.950205
    AMA Ruiz-Tiben E, Hopkins DR, Ruebush TK, et al. Progress Toward the Eradication of Dracunculiasis (Guinea Worm Disease): 1994. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(2):58-60. doi:10.3201/eid0102.950205.
    APA Ruiz-Tiben, E., Hopkins, D. R., Ruebush, T. K., & Kaiser, R. L. (1995). Progress Toward the Eradication of Dracunculiasis (Guinea Worm Disease): 1994. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(2), 58-60. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0102.950205.
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Commentaries

  • Action Plan for Drug-Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae PDF Version [PDF - 24 KB - 2 pages]
    M. S. Cetron et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Cetron MS, Jernigan DB, Breiman RF. Action Plan for Drug-Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(2):64-65. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0102.950208
    AMA Cetron MS, Jernigan DB, Breiman RF. Action Plan for Drug-Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(2):64-65. doi:10.3201/eid0102.950208.
    APA Cetron, M. S., Jernigan, D. B., & Breiman, R. F. (1995). Action Plan for Drug-Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(2), 64-65. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0102.950208.
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Letters

  • Heat-Stable Enterotoxin-Producing Escherichia coli O169:H41 in Japan PDF Version [PDF - 27 KB - 1 page]
    Y. Nishikawa et al.
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    EID Nishikawa Y, Hanaoka M, Ogasawara J, Moyer NP, Kimura T. Heat-Stable Enterotoxin-Producing Escherichia coli O169:H41 in Japan. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(2):61. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0102.950206
    AMA Nishikawa Y, Hanaoka M, Ogasawara J, et al. Heat-Stable Enterotoxin-Producing Escherichia coli O169:H41 in Japan. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(2):61. doi:10.3201/eid0102.950206.
    APA Nishikawa, Y., Hanaoka, M., Ogasawara, J., Moyer, N. P., & Kimura, T. (1995). Heat-Stable Enterotoxin-Producing Escherichia coli O169:H41 in Japan. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(2), 61. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0102.950206.
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  • The GAP Project in Southeastern Turkey: The Potential for Emergence of Diseases PDF Version [PDF - 27 KB - 2 pages]
    S. Aksoy et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Aksoy S, Ariturk S, Armstrong MY, Chang K, Dörtbudak Z, Gottlieb M, et al. The GAP Project in Southeastern Turkey: The Potential for Emergence of Diseases. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(2):62-63. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0102.950207
    AMA Aksoy S, Ariturk S, Armstrong MY, et al. The GAP Project in Southeastern Turkey: The Potential for Emergence of Diseases. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(2):62-63. doi:10.3201/eid0102.950207.
    APA Aksoy, S., Ariturk, S., Armstrong, M. Y., Chang, K., Dörtbudak, Z., Gottlieb, M....Western, K. (1995). The GAP Project in Southeastern Turkey: The Potential for Emergence of Diseases. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(2), 62-63. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0102.950207.
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