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Volume 1, Number 3—July 1995

Volume 1, Number 3—July 1995   PDF Version [PDF - 647 KB - 41 pages]

Synopses

  • Streptococcal Toxic-Shock Syndrome: Spectrum of Disease, Pathogenesis, and New Concepts in Treatment PDF Version [PDF - 77 KB - 10 pages]
    D. L. Stevens
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    Since the 1980s there has been a marked increase in the recognition and reporting of highly invasive group A streptococcal infections with or without necrotizing fasciitis associated with shock and organ failure. Such dramatic cases have been defined as streptococcal toxic-shock syndrome. Strains of group A streptococci isolated from patients with invasive disease have been predominantly M types 1 and 3 that produce pyrogenic exotoxin A or B or both. In this paper, the clinical and demographic features of streptococcal bacteremia, myositis, and necrotizing fasciitis are presented and compared to those of streptococcal toxic-shock syndrome. Current concepts in the pathogenesis of invasive streptococcal infection are also presented, with emphasis on the interaction between group A Streptococcus virulence factors and host defense mechanisms. Finally, new concepts in the treatment of streptococcal toxic-shock syndrome are discussed.

        Cite This Article
    EID Stevens DL. Streptococcal Toxic-Shock Syndrome: Spectrum of Disease, Pathogenesis, and New Concepts in Treatment. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(3):69-78. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0103.950301
    AMA Stevens DL. Streptococcal Toxic-Shock Syndrome: Spectrum of Disease, Pathogenesis, and New Concepts in Treatment. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(3):69-78. doi:10.3201/eid0103.950301.
    APA Stevens, D. L. (1995). Streptococcal Toxic-Shock Syndrome: Spectrum of Disease, Pathogenesis, and New Concepts in Treatment. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(3), 69-78. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0103.950301.
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  • Spiral Bacteria in the Human Stomach: The Gastric Helicobacters PDF Version [PDF - 54 KB - 7 pages]
    A. Dubois
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    During the past decade, Helicobacter pylori has become recognized as one of the most common human pathogens, colonizing the gastric mucosa of almost all persons exposed to poor hygienic conditions from childhood. It also is often found, albeit with a lower frequency, in groups of high socioeconomic status. H. pylori causes chronic active gastritis and is a major factor in the pathogenesis of duodenal ulcers and, to a lesser extent, gastric ulcers. In addition, the presence of this bacterium is now recognized as a risk factor for gastric adenocarcinoma and lymphoma. Nevertheless, most infections appear without clinical consequences. In this second decade of intensive research, it is important to understand why H. pylori is sometimes a dangerous pathogen, and to determine how it can be eradicated in those at highest risk for severe disease.

        Cite This Article
    EID Dubois A. Spiral Bacteria in the Human Stomach: The Gastric Helicobacters. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(3):79-85. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0103.950302
    AMA Dubois A. Spiral Bacteria in the Human Stomach: The Gastric Helicobacters. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(3):79-85. doi:10.3201/eid0103.950302.
    APA Dubois, A. (1995). Spiral Bacteria in the Human Stomach: The Gastric Helicobacters. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(3), 79-85. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0103.950302.
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Dispatches

  • HIV-1 Patients May Harbor Viruses of Different Phylogenetic Subtypes: Implications for the Evolution of the HIV/AIDS Pandemic PDF Version [PDF - 35 KB - 3 pages]
    D. Pieniazek et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Pieniazek D, Janini LM, Ramos A, Tanuri A, Schechter M, Peralta JM, et al. HIV-1 Patients May Harbor Viruses of Different Phylogenetic Subtypes: Implications for the Evolution of the HIV/AIDS Pandemic. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(3):86-88. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0103.950303
    AMA Pieniazek D, Janini LM, Ramos A, et al. HIV-1 Patients May Harbor Viruses of Different Phylogenetic Subtypes: Implications for the Evolution of the HIV/AIDS Pandemic. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(3):86-88. doi:10.3201/eid0103.950303.
    APA Pieniazek, D., Janini, L. M., Ramos, A., Tanuri, A., Schechter, M., Peralta, J. M....Rayfield, M. A. (1995). HIV-1 Patients May Harbor Viruses of Different Phylogenetic Subtypes: Implications for the Evolution of the HIV/AIDS Pandemic. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(3), 86-88. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0103.950303.
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  • Simultaneous Infection of Ixodes ricinus Nymphs by Two Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato Species: Possible Implications for Clinical Manifestations PDF Version [PDF - 18 KB - 2 pages]
    B. Pichon et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Pichon B, Godfroid E, Hoyois B, Bollen A, Rodhain F, Pérez-Eid C, et al. Simultaneous Infection of Ixodes ricinus Nymphs by Two Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato Species: Possible Implications for Clinical Manifestations. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(3):89-90. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0103.950304
    AMA Pichon B, Godfroid E, Hoyois B, et al. Simultaneous Infection of Ixodes ricinus Nymphs by Two Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato Species: Possible Implications for Clinical Manifestations. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(3):89-90. doi:10.3201/eid0103.950304.
    APA Pichon, B., Godfroid, E., Hoyois, B., Bollen, A., Rodhain, F., & Pérez-Eid, C. (1995). Simultaneous Infection of Ixodes ricinus Nymphs by Two Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato Species: Possible Implications for Clinical Manifestations. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(3), 89-90. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0103.950304.
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  • Epidemiologic and Evolutionary Relationships between Romanian and Brazilian HIV-1 Subtype F Strains PDF Version [PDF - 52 KB - 4 pages]
    C. I. Bandea et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Bandea CI, Ramos A, Pieniazek D, Pascu R, Tanuri A, Schochetman G, et al. Epidemiologic and Evolutionary Relationships between Romanian and Brazilian HIV-1 Subtype F Strains. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(3):90-93. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0103.950305
    AMA Bandea CI, Ramos A, Pieniazek D, et al. Epidemiologic and Evolutionary Relationships between Romanian and Brazilian HIV-1 Subtype F Strains. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(3):90-93. doi:10.3201/eid0103.950305.
    APA Bandea, C. I., Ramos, A., Pieniazek, D., Pascu, R., Tanuri, A., Schochetman, G....Rayfield, M. A. (1995). Epidemiologic and Evolutionary Relationships between Romanian and Brazilian HIV-1 Subtype F Strains. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(3), 90-93. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0103.950305.
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  • Electronic Communication Facilitates Investigation of a Highly Dispersed Foodborne Outbreak: Salmonella on the Superhighway PDF Version [PDF - 28 KB - 2 pages]
    B. E. Mahon et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Mahon BE, Rohn DD, Pack SR, Tauxe RV. Electronic Communication Facilitates Investigation of a Highly Dispersed Foodborne Outbreak: Salmonella on the Superhighway. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(3):94-95. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0103.950306
    AMA Mahon BE, Rohn DD, Pack SR, et al. Electronic Communication Facilitates Investigation of a Highly Dispersed Foodborne Outbreak: Salmonella on the Superhighway. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(3):94-95. doi:10.3201/eid0103.950306.
    APA Mahon, B. E., Rohn, D. D., Pack, S. R., & Tauxe, R. V. (1995). Electronic Communication Facilitates Investigation of a Highly Dispersed Foodborne Outbreak: Salmonella on the Superhighway. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(3), 94-95. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0103.950306.
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Commentaries

  • Reemergence of Ebola Virus in Africa PDF Version [PDF - 23 KB - 2 pages]
    A. Sanchez et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Sanchez A, Ksiazek TG, Rollin PE, Peters CJ, Nichol ST, Khan AS, et al. Reemergence of Ebola Virus in Africa. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(3):96-97. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0103.950307
    AMA Sanchez A, Ksiazek TG, Rollin PE, et al. Reemergence of Ebola Virus in Africa. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(3):96-97. doi:10.3201/eid0103.950307.
    APA Sanchez, A., Ksiazek, T. G., Rollin, P. E., Peters, C. J., Nichol, S. T., Khan, A. S....Mahy, B. W. (1995). Reemergence of Ebola Virus in Africa. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(3), 96-97. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0103.950307.
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  • Prospects for the Control of Bolivian Hemorrhagic Fever PDF Version [PDF - 31 KB - 4 pages]
    P. E. Kilgore et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Kilgore PE, Peters CJ, Mills JN, Rollin PE, Armstrong L, Khan AS, et al. Prospects for the Control of Bolivian Hemorrhagic Fever. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(3):97-100. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0103.950308
    AMA Kilgore PE, Peters CJ, Mills JN, et al. Prospects for the Control of Bolivian Hemorrhagic Fever. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(3):97-100. doi:10.3201/eid0103.950308.
    APA Kilgore, P. E., Peters, C. J., Mills, J. N., Rollin, P. E., Armstrong, L., Khan, A. S....Ksiazek, T. G. (1995). Prospects for the Control of Bolivian Hemorrhagic Fever. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(3), 97-100. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0103.950308.
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