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Volume 1, Number 4—October 1995

Volume 1, Number 4—October 1995   PDF Version [PDF - 609 KB - 56 pages]

Synopses

  • The Ascension of Wildlife Rabies: A Cause for Public Health Concern or Intervention? PDF Version [PDF - 69 KB - 8 pages]
    C. E. Rupprecht et al.
        View Abstract

    The epidemiology of rabies in the United States has changed substantially during the half century, as the source of the disease has changed from domesticated animals to wildlife, principally raccoons, skunks, foxes, and bats. Moreover, the changes observed among affected wildlife populations have not occurred without human influence. Rather, human attraction to the recreational and economic resources provided by wildlife has contributed to the reemergence of rabies as a major zoonosis. Although human deaths caused by rabies have declined recently to an average of one or two per year, the estimated costs associated with the decrease in deaths amount to hundreds of millions of dollars annually. In future efforts to control rabies harbored by free-ranging animal reservoirs, public health professionals will have to apply imaginative, safe, and cost-effective solutions to this age-old malady in addition to using traditional measures.

        Cite This Article
    EID Rupprecht CE, Smith JS, Fekadu M. The Ascension of Wildlife Rabies: A Cause for Public Health Concern or Intervention?. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(4):107-114. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950401
    AMA Rupprecht CE, Smith JS, Fekadu M. The Ascension of Wildlife Rabies: A Cause for Public Health Concern or Intervention?. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(4):107-114. doi:10.3201/eid0104.950401.
    APA Rupprecht, C. E., Smith, J. S., & Fekadu, M. (1995). The Ascension of Wildlife Rabies: A Cause for Public Health Concern or Intervention?. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(4), 107-114. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950401.
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  • Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Children: Increased Need for Better Methods PDF Version [PDF - 91 KB - 9 pages]
    E. A. Khan and J. R. Starke
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    In the last decade tuberculosis (TB) has reemerged as a major worldwide public health hazard with increasing incidence among adults and children. Although cases among children represent a small percentage of all TB cases, infected children are a reservoir from which many adult cases will arise. TB diagnosis in children usually follows discovery of a case in an adult, and relies on tuberculin skin testing, chest radiograph, and clinical signs and symptoms. However, clinical symptoms are nonspecific, skin testing and chest radiographs can be difficult to interpret, and routine laboratory tests are not helpful. Although more rapid and sensitive laboratory testing, which takes into account recent advances in molecular biology, immunology, and chromatography, is being developed, the results for children have been disappointing. Better techniques would especially benefit children and infants in whom early diagnosis is imperative for preventing progressive TB.

        Cite This Article
    EID Khan EA, Starke JR. Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Children: Increased Need for Better Methods. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(4):115-123. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950402
    AMA Khan EA, Starke JR. Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Children: Increased Need for Better Methods. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(4):115-123. doi:10.3201/eid0104.950402.
    APA Khan, E. A., & Starke, J. R. (1995). Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Children: Increased Need for Better Methods. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(4), 115-123. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950402.
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  • Data Management Issues for Emerging Diseases and New Tools for Managing Surveillance and Laboratory Data PDF Version [PDF - 41 KB - 5 pages]
    S. M. Martin and N. H. Bean
            Cite This Article
    EID Martin SM, Bean NH. Data Management Issues for Emerging Diseases and New Tools for Managing Surveillance and Laboratory Data. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(4):124-128. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950403
    AMA Martin SM, Bean NH. Data Management Issues for Emerging Diseases and New Tools for Managing Surveillance and Laboratory Data. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(4):124-128. doi:10.3201/eid0104.950403.
    APA Martin, S. M., & Bean, N. H. (1995). Data Management Issues for Emerging Diseases and New Tools for Managing Surveillance and Laboratory Data. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(4), 124-128. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950403.
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Dispatches

  • Helicobacter hepaticus, a Recently Recognized Bacterial Pathogen, Associated with Chronic Hepatitis and Hepatocellular Neoplasia in Laboratory Mice PDF Version [PDF - 35 KB - 3 pages]
    J. M. Rice
            Cite This Article
    EID Rice JM. Helicobacter hepaticus, a Recently Recognized Bacterial Pathogen, Associated with Chronic Hepatitis and Hepatocellular Neoplasia in Laboratory Mice. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(4):129-131. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950404
    AMA Rice JM. Helicobacter hepaticus, a Recently Recognized Bacterial Pathogen, Associated with Chronic Hepatitis and Hepatocellular Neoplasia in Laboratory Mice. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(4):129-131. doi:10.3201/eid0104.950404.
    APA Rice, J. M. (1995). Helicobacter hepaticus, a Recently Recognized Bacterial Pathogen, Associated with Chronic Hepatitis and Hepatocellular Neoplasia in Laboratory Mice. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(4), 129-131. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950404.
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  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Due to Shiga-like Toxin Producing Escherichia coli O48:H21 in South Australia PDF Version [PDF - 23 KB - 2 pages]
    P. N. Goldwater and K. A. Bettelheim
            Cite This Article
    EID Goldwater PN, Bettelheim KA. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Due to Shiga-like Toxin Producing Escherichia coli O48:H21 in South Australia. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(4):132-133. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950405
    AMA Goldwater PN, Bettelheim KA. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Due to Shiga-like Toxin Producing Escherichia coli O48:H21 in South Australia. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(4):132-133. doi:10.3201/eid0104.950405.
    APA Goldwater, P. N., & Bettelheim, K. A. (1995). Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Due to Shiga-like Toxin Producing Escherichia coli O48:H21 in South Australia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(4), 132-133. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950405.
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  • Does Treatment of Bloody Diarrhea due to Shigella dysenteriae Type 1 with Ampicilin Precipitate Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome? PDF Version [PDF - 37 KB - 4 pages]
    A. A. Saeed et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Saeed AA, El Bushra HE, Al-Hamdan NA. Does Treatment of Bloody Diarrhea due to Shigella dysenteriae Type 1 with Ampicilin Precipitate Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome?. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(4):134-137. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950406
    AMA Saeed AA, El Bushra HE, Al-Hamdan NA. Does Treatment of Bloody Diarrhea due to Shigella dysenteriae Type 1 with Ampicilin Precipitate Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome?. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(4):134-137. doi:10.3201/eid0104.950406.
    APA Saeed, A. A., El Bushra, H. E., & Al-Hamdan, N. A. (1995). Does Treatment of Bloody Diarrhea due to Shigella dysenteriae Type 1 with Ampicilin Precipitate Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome?. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(4), 134-137. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950406.
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  • An Outbreak of Hemoytic Uremic Syndrome Associated with Antibiotic Treatment of Hospital Inpatients for Dysentery PDF Version [PDF - 33 KB - 3 pages]
    S. Al-Qarawi et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Al-Qarawi S, Fontaine RE, Al-Qahtani M. An Outbreak of Hemoytic Uremic Syndrome Associated with Antibiotic Treatment of Hospital Inpatients for Dysentery. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(4):138-140. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950407
    AMA Al-Qarawi S, Fontaine RE, Al-Qahtani M. An Outbreak of Hemoytic Uremic Syndrome Associated with Antibiotic Treatment of Hospital Inpatients for Dysentery. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(4):138-140. doi:10.3201/eid0104.950407.
    APA Al-Qarawi, S., Fontaine, R. E., & Al-Qahtani, M. (1995). An Outbreak of Hemoytic Uremic Syndrome Associated with Antibiotic Treatment of Hospital Inpatients for Dysentery. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(4), 138-140. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950407.
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  • Epidemic Cholera in the New World: Translating Field Epidemiology into New Prevention Strategies PDF Version [PDF - 60 KB - 6 pages]
    R. V. Tauxe et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Tauxe RV, Mintz ED, Quick RE. Epidemic Cholera in the New World: Translating Field Epidemiology into New Prevention Strategies. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(4):141-146. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950408
    AMA Tauxe RV, Mintz ED, Quick RE. Epidemic Cholera in the New World: Translating Field Epidemiology into New Prevention Strategies. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(4):141-146. doi:10.3201/eid0104.950408.
    APA Tauxe, R. V., Mintz, E. D., & Quick, R. E. (1995). Epidemic Cholera in the New World: Translating Field Epidemiology into New Prevention Strategies. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(4), 141-146. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950408.
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  • Are North American Bunyamwera Serogroup Viruses
Etiologic Agents of Human Congential Defects of the
Central Nervous System? PDF Version [PDF - 55 KB - 5 pages]
    C. H. Calisher and J. L. Sever
            Cite This Article
    EID Calisher CH, Sever JL. Are North American Bunyamwera Serogroup Viruses
Etiologic Agents of Human Congential Defects of the
Central Nervous System?. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(4):147-151. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950409
    AMA Calisher CH, Sever JL. Are North American Bunyamwera Serogroup Viruses
Etiologic Agents of Human Congential Defects of the
Central Nervous System?. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(4):147-151. doi:10.3201/eid0104.950409.
    APA Calisher, C. H., & Sever, J. L. (1995). Are North American Bunyamwera Serogroup Viruses
Etiologic Agents of Human Congential Defects of the
Central Nervous System?. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(4), 147-151. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950409.
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  • Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus:An Unrecognized Teratogenic Pathogen PDF Version [PDF - 27 KB - 2 pages]
    L. L. Barton et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Barton LL, Peters C, Ksiazek T. Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus:An Unrecognized Teratogenic Pathogen. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(4):152-153. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950410
    AMA Barton LL, Peters C, Ksiazek T. Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus:An Unrecognized Teratogenic Pathogen. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(4):152-153. doi:10.3201/eid0104.950410.
    APA Barton, L. L., Peters, C., & Ksiazek, T. (1995). Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus:An Unrecognized Teratogenic Pathogen. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(4), 152-153. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950410.
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Commentaries

  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome PDF Version [PDF - 23 KB - 2 pages]
    M. Beers and S. Cameron
            Cite This Article
    EID Beers M, Cameron S. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(4):154-155. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950411
    AMA Beers M, Cameron S. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(4):154-155. doi:10.3201/eid0104.950411.
    APA Beers, M., & Cameron, S. (1995). Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(4), 154-155. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950411.
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