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Ahead of Print / In Press

Disclaimer: Ahead of print articles are not considered as final versions. Any changes will be reflected in the online version in the month the article is officially released.

Volume 23, Number 10—October 2017


  • Fatal Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever along the United States–Mexico border, 2013–2016
    N. A. Drexler et al.
    View Summary

    Although these cases are uncommon, early recognition and prompt initiation of appropriate treatment are vital for averting severe illness and death.



  • Enteric Infections Circulating during Hajj Seasons, 2011–2013
    M. El Ghany et al.
  • Economic Assessment of Waterborne Outbreak of Cryptosporidiosis
    A. Chyzheuskaya et al.
  • Disease Burden of Clostridium difficile Infections in Adults, Hong Kong, China, 2006–2014
    J. Ho et al.
  • Investigation of Outbreaks of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium and Its Monophasic Variants Using Whole-Genome Sequencing, Denmark
    P. Gymoese et al.


  • Molecular Tracing to Find Source of Protracted Invasive Listeriosis Outbreak, Southern Germany, 2012–2016
    S. Kleta et al.
  • Off-Label Use of Bedaquiline in Children and Adolescents with Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis
    J. Achar et al.
        View Abstract

    We describe 27 children and adolescents <18 years of age who received bedaquiline during treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. We report good treatment responses and no cessation attributable to adverse effects. Bedaquiline could be considered for use with this age group for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis when treatment options are limited.

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  • Bedaquiline and Delamanid Combination Treatment of 5 Patients with Pulmonary Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis
    A. Maryandyshev et al.
        View Abstract

    We report the experiences of 5 patients taking bedaquiline with delamanid in combination: 1 patient was cured; 3 culture converted, with 2 continuing and 1 changing therapy; and 1 died from respiratory insufficiency. For 2 patients, QT-interval prolongation but no arrhythmias occurred. Use of this therapy is justified for patients with limited options.

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  • Mild Illness and Absence of Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome during Shiga Toxin−Producing Escherichia coli O157 Outbreak Associated with Agricultural Show, Australia, 2013
    B. R. Vasant et al.
  • Enterovirus D68–Associated Acute Flaccid Myelitis in Immunocompromised Woman, Italy
    E. Giombini et al.
        View Abstract

    In Italy in 2016, acute flaccid myelitis developed in a woman who had received a hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Enterovirus D68 viral genome was detected in respiratory and cerebrospinal fluid samples, and the viral protein 1 sequence clustered with lineage B3. Immunocompromised adults may be at risk for enterovirus D68–associated neurologic complications.

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  • Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome Caused by Maripa Virus in French Guiana, 2008–2016
    S. Matheus et al.
  • Usutu Virus RNA in Mosquitoes, Israel, 2014–2015
    B. Mannasse et al.
        View Abstract

    We identified Usutu virus (USUV) RNA in 6 pools of mosquitoes trapped in northern Israel during 2014–2015. These strains Israel were most similar to strains identified in Senegal and Germany, which further elucidates common ancestry and evolutionary dynamics of USUV. Our findings suggest that human infection with USUV might occur in Israel.

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  • Macrolide-Resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infection, Japan, 2008–2015
    T. Tanaka et al.
        View Abstract

    We evaluated isolates obtained from children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection throughout Japan during 2008–2015. The highest prevalence of macrolide-resistant M. pneumoniae was 81.6% in 2012, followed by 59.3% in 2014 and 43.6% in 2015. The prevalence of macrolide-resistant M. pneumoniae among children in Japan has decreased.

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  • Monitoring Avian Influenza Viruses from Chicken Carcasses Sold at Markets, China, 2016
    X. Mao et al.
        View Abstract

    During 2016 in Guangzhou, China, we detected infectious avian influenza viruses (AIVs) in 39.8% of samples from chicken carcasses slaughtered at live poultry markets but none from carcasses supplied to supermarkets by facilities bypassing live poultry markets. Promoting supply chains with high biosecurity may reduce the risk for zoonotic AIV transmission.

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  • Berlin Squirrelpox Virus, a New Poxvirus in Red Squirrels, Berlin, Germany
    G. Wibbelt et al.
        View Abstract

    Near Berlin, Germany, several juvenile red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris) were found with moist, crusty skin lesions. Histology, electron microscopy, and cell culture isolation revealed an orthopoxvirus-like infection. Subsequent PCR and genome analysis identified a new poxvirus (Berlin squirrelpox virus) that could not be assigned to any known poxvirus genera.

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  • Fatal Human Case of Mosquitoborne St. Louis Encephalitis Virus Infection Diagnosed by Metagenomic Sequencing, California, 2016
    C. Y. Chiu et al.
  • Epidemiology of Reemerging Scarlet Fever, Hong Kong, 2005–2015
    C. Lee et al.

Another Dimension

  • Summer dreams
    V. Liyanapathirana

Research Letters

  • Bedaquiline and Linezolid for Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in Pregnant Woman
    M. Jaspard et al.
        View Abstract

    A woman with extremely drug-resistant tuberculosis treated with a drug regimen including linezolid and bedaquiline during her last 3 weeks of pregnancy gave birth to a child without abnormalities. No fetal toxicities were noted by 2 years after delivery. This drug combination might be safe during the late third trimester of pregnancy.

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  • Dengue Virus Exported from Côte d’Ivoire to Japan, June 2017
    T. Suzuki et al.
        View Abstract

    Since April 2017, a dengue fever outbreak has been ongoing in Côte d’Ivoire. We diagnosed dengue fever (type 2 virus) in a traveler returning to Japan from Côte d’Ivoire. Phylogenetic analysis revealed strain homology with the Burkina Faso 2016 strain. This case may serve as an alert to possible disease spread outside Africa.

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  • Autochthonous Transmission of East/Central/South African Genotype Chikungunya Virus, Brazil
    M. S. Cunha et al.
        View Abstract

    We isolated East/Central/South African genotype chikungunya virus during the 2016 epidemic in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Genome sequencing revealed unique mutations in the nonstructural protein 4 (NSP4-A481D) and envelope protein 1 (E1-K211T). Moreover, all Brazil East/Central/South isolates shared the exclusive mutations E1-M407L and E2-A103T.

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  • Six-Month Response to Delamanid Treatment in MDR TB Patients
    C. Hewison et al.
        View Abstract

    Delamanid, recently available for the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB), has had limited use outside clinical trials. We present the early treatment results for 53 patients from 7 countries who received a delamanid-containing treatment for MDR TB. Results show good tolerability and treatment response at 6 months.

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  • Carbapenemase VCC-1–Producing Vibrio cholerae in Coastal Waters of Germany
    J. A. Hammerl et al.
  • Mycobacterium orygis Lymphadenitis in New York, USA
    L. A. Marcos et al.
  • Unrecognized Subclinical Infection with Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus, Japan
    K. Yoshii et al.
  • Angiostrongylus cantonensis Eosinophilic Meningitis in an Infant, Tennessee, USA
    T. Flerlage et al.
  • Familial Transmission of emm12 Group A Streptococcus
    C. Duployez et al.
  • Fluoroquinolone-resistant Alcaligenes faecalis Related to Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media, Angola
    M. Filipe et al.
  • Ross River Virus Seroprevalence, French Polynesia, 2014–2015


Books and Media

  • Media Lens on the 2015–2016 Zika Epidemic
    M. F. Boni

Volume 23, Number 11—November 2017


  • Pregnant Women Hospitalized with Chikungunya Virus Infection, Colombia, 2015
    M. F. Escobar et al.
    View Summary

    Chikungunya virus infection might lead to cases of sepsis with hypoperfusion and organ dysfunction during pregnancy.



  • Legionnaires’ Disease Outbreak Caused by Persistent Endemic Strain of Legionella sp., New York City, New York, USA, 2015
    P. Lapierre et al.


  • High-Level Fosfomycin Resistance in Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus faecium
    Y. Guo et al.
  • Long-Term Viruria in Zika-Infected Pregnant Women
    A. B. Terzian et al.
  • Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus, Tennessee, USA, 2017
    D. Lee et al.

Research Letter

  • Paracoccidioidomycosis after Highway Construction, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    A. C. do Valle et al.

Books and Media

  • The Politics of Fear: Médecins Sans Frontières and the West African Ebola Epidemic
    K. Hamilton

Volume 23, Number 12—December 2017


  • Fatal Outbreak in Tonkean Macaques Caused by Possibly Novel Orthopoxvirus, January 2015
    G. Cardeti et al.


  • Group B Streptococcus Infections Caused by Handling and Consumption of Raw Fish, Singapore, 2015–2016
    M. L. Chau et al.

Historical Review

  • History of Taenia saginata Tapeworms in Northern Russia
    S. V. Konyaev et al.


  • Mycobacterium ulcerans DNA in Bandicoot Excreta in Buruli Ulcer–Endemic Area, Far Northern Queensland, Australia
    K. Röltgen et al.