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Ahead of Print / In Press

Disclaimer: Ahead of print articles are not considered as final versions. Any changes will be reflected in the online version in the month the article is officially released.

Volume 23, Number 11—November 2017


  • Pregnant Women Hospitalized with Chikungunya Virus Infection, Colombia, 2015
    M. F. Escobar et al.
    View Summary

    Chikungunya virus infection might lead to cases of sepsis with hypoperfusion and organ dysfunction during pregnancy.

  • Legionnaires’ Disease Outbreaks and Cooling Towers, New York City, New York, USA
    R. Fitzhenry et al.
    View Summary

    Ongoing surveillance will determine whether a new law regulating cooling towers is helping reduce incidence of Legionnaires’ disease.



  • Legionnaires’ Disease Outbreak Caused by Persistent Endemic Strain of Legionella sp., New York City, New York, USA, 2015
    P. Lapierre et al.
  • Antimicrobial Nonsusceptibility of Gram-Negative Bacilli in the Veterans Health Administration System, United States, 2003–2013
    M. Goto et al.
  • Mycoplasma genitalium Infection among Adults Reporting Sexual Contact with Infected Partners, Melbourne, Australia, 2008–2016
    J. B. Slifirski et al.
  • Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis among Children, China, 2006–2015
    N. Tao et al.
  • Airborne Transmission of Highly Pathogenic Influenza Virus during Processing of Infected Poultry
    K. Bertran et al.


  • High-Level Fosfomycin Resistance in Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus faecium
    Y. Guo et al.
  • Long-Term Viruria in Zika-Infected Pregnant Women
    A. B. Terzian et al.
  • Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus, Tennessee, USA, March 2017
    D. Lee et al.
        View Abstract

    In March 2017, highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H7N9) was detected at 2 poultry farms in Tennessee, USA. Surveillance data and genetic analyses indicated multiple introductions of low pathogenicity avian influenza virus before mutation to high pathogenicity and interfarm transmission. Poultry surveillance should continue because low pathogenicity viruses circulate and spill over into commercial poultry.

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  • Pulmonary versus Nonpulmonary Nontuberculous Mycobacteria,Ontario, Canada
    S. K. Brode et al.
  • Changing Demographics and Prevalence of Body Lice among Homeless Persons, Marseille, France
    T. Ly et al.
    View Summary

    Body Lice among Homeless Persons, France

  • Bartonella quintana and Typhus Group Rickettsiae Exposure among Homeless Persons, Bogotá, Colombia
    Á. A. Faccini-Martínez et al.
  • Virulence of Japanese Encephalitis Virus Genotypes I and III, Taiwan
    Y. Fan et al.
  • Polyclonal Pulmonary Tuberculosis Infections and Risk for Multidrug Resistance, Lima, Peru
    R. R. Nathavitharana et al.
  • Increased Detection of Emergent Recombinant Norovirus GII.P16-GII.2 Strains in Young Adults, Hong Kong, China, 2016–2017
    K. Kwok et al.
  • Emergence of Bordetella holmesii as a Causative Agent of Whooping Cough, Barcelona, Spain
    A. Mir-Cros et al.
  • Mycobacterium lepromatosis Lepromatous Leprosy in a US Citizen who Traveled to Disease-Endemic Areas
    A. Virk et al.
  • Lineage-Specific Real-Time RT-PCR for Yellow Fever Virus Outbreak Surveillance, Brazil
    C. Fischer et al.


  • Prevention of Legionnaires’ Disease in the 21st Century by Advancing Science and Public Health Practice
    R. L. Berkelman and A. Pruden

Research Letters

  • Paracoccidioidomycosis after Highway Construction, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    A. C. do Valle et al.
  • Detection of Spotted Fever Group Rickettsia DNA by Deep Sequencing
    R. Graham et al.
  • The Breadth of Viruses in Human Semen
    A. P. Salam and P. W. Horby
        View Abstract

    Zika virus RNA is frequently detected in the semen of men after Zika virus infection. To learn more about persistence of viruses in genital fluids, we searched PubMed for relevant articles. We found evidence that 27 viruses, across a broad range of virus families, can be found in human semen.

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  • Dengue Virus Type 2 in Travelers Returning to Japan from Sri Lanka, 2017
    M. Tsuboi et al.
        View Abstract

    In June 2017, dengue virus type 2 infection was diagnosed in 2 travelers returned to Japan from Sri Lanka, where the country’s largest dengue fever outbreak is ongoing. Travelers, especially those previously affected by dengue fever, should take measures to avoid mosquito bites.

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  • Autochthonous Leprosy without Armadillo Exposure, Eastern United States
    T. Rendini and W. Levis
  • Zika Virus Outbreak, Dominica, 2016
    S. J. Ryan et al.
  • Blood Culture-Negative Endocarditis, Morocco
    N. Boudebouch et al.
  • Zika Virus Persistence and Higher Viral Loads in Cutaneous Capillaries Than in Venous Blood
    S. Matheus et al.
        View Abstract

    We collected venous and capillary serum samples from 21 Zika virus‒infected patients on multiple days after symptom onset and found RNA load was higher and median duration of virus detection significantly longer in capillary than in venous blood. These findings raise questions about the role of the capillary compartment in virus transmission dynamics.

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  • Legionella pneumophila Serogroup 1 in the Water Facilities of a Tertiary Healthcare Center, India
    C. Rama et al.
  • Diffuse Multibacillary Leprosy of Lucio and Latapí plus Lucio’s Phenomenon, Peru, Central America
    C. Ramal et al.
  • Chlamydia trachomatis Biovar L2 Infection in Women in South Africa
  • Unrecognized Dengue Virus Infections in Children, Western Kenya, 2014–2015
    D. M. Vu et al.

Books and Media

  • The Politics of Fear: Médecins Sans Frontières and the West African Ebola Epidemic
    K. Hamilton
  • Ebola: Profile of a Killer Virus

Volume 23, Number 12—December 2017


  • Fatal Outbreak in Tonkean Macaques Caused by Possibly Novel Orthopoxvirus, January 2015
    G. Cardeti et al.
  • Spread of Canine Influenza A(H3N2) Virus, United States
    I. Voorhees et al.
        View Abstract

    A canine influenza A(H3N2) virus emerged in the United States in February–March 2015, causing respiratory disease in dogs. The virus had previously been circulating among dogs in Asia, where it originated through the transfer of an avian-origin influenza virus around 2005 and continues to circulate. Sequence analysis suggests the US outbreak was initiated by a single introduction, in Chicago, of an H3N2 canine influenza virus circulating among dogs in South Korea in 2015. Despite local control measures, the virus has continued circulating among dogs in and around Chicago and has spread to several other areas of the country, particularly Georgia and North Carolina, although these secondary outbreaks appear to have ended within a few months. Some genetic variation has accumulated among the US viruses, with the appearance of regional-temporal lineages. The potential for interspecies transmission and zoonotic events involving this newly emerged influenza A virus is currently unknown.

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  • Group B Streptococcus Infections Caused by Handling and Consumption of Raw Fish, Singapore, 2015–2016
    M. L. Chau et al.
  • Experimental Infection of Common Eider Ducklings with Wellfleet Bay Virus, a Newly Characterized Orthomyxovirus
    V. Shearn-Bochsler et al.
        View Abstract

    Wellfleet Bay virus (WFBV), a novel orthomyxovirus in the genus Quaranjavirus, was first isolated in 2006 from carcasses of common eider (Somateria mollissima) during a mortality event in Wellfleet Bay (Barnstable County, Massachusetts, USA) and has since been repeatedly isolated during recurrent mortality events in this location. Hepatic, pancreatic, splenic, and intestinal necrosis were observed in dead eiders. We inoculated 6-week-old common eider ducklings with WFBV in an attempt to recreate the naturally occurring disease. Approximately 25% of inoculated eiders had onset of clinical disease and required euthanasia; an additional 18.75% were adversely affected based on net weight loss during the trial. Control ducklings did not become infected and did not have clinical disease. Infected ducklings with clinical disease had pathologic lesions consistent with those observed during natural mortality events. WFBV was re-isolated from 37.5% of the inoculated ducklings. Ducklings surviving to 5 days postinoculation developed serum antibody titers to WFBV.

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Historical Review

  • History of Taenia saginata Tapeworms in Northern Russia
    S. V. Konyaev et al.


  • Mycobacterium ulcerans DNA in Bandicoot Excreta in Buruli Ulcer–Endemic Area, Far Northern Queensland, Australia
    K. Röltgen et al.
  • Tick-borne encephalitis in sheep, Romania
    J. Salat et al.
  • West Nile Virus Lineage 2 in Horses and Other Animals with Neurologic Disease, South Africa, 2008–2015
    M. Venter et al.
  • Lack of Secondary Transmission of Ebola Virus Disease from Healthcare Worker to 238 Contacts, United Kingdom, December 2014
    P. Crook et al.

Research Letters

  • O80:H2 Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli in Young Diarrheic Calves, Belgium
    D. Thiry et al.
  • Patients with Zika Virus, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, April 2013
    S. Passos et al.

Global Health Security Supplement


  • US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Its Partners’ Contributions to Global Health Security
    J. W. Tappero et al.
        View Abstract

    To achieve compliance with the revised World Health Organization International Health Regulations (IHR 2005), countries must be able to rapidly prevent, detect, and respond to public health threats. Most nations, however, remain unprepared to manage and control complex health emergencies, whether due to natural disasters, emerging infectious disease outbreaks, or the inadvertent or intentional release of highly pathogenic organisms. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) works with countries and partners to build and strengthen global health security preparedness so they can quickly respond to public health crises. This report highlights selected CDC global health protection platform accomplishments that help mitigate global health threats and build core, cross-cutting capacity to identify and contain disease outbreaks at their source. CDC contributions support country efforts to achieve IHR 2005 compliance, contribute to the international framework for countering infectious disease crises, and enhance health security for Americans and populations around the world.

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Volume 24, Number 1—January 2018


  • Increased Severity and Spread of Mycobacterium ulcerans Disease, Southeastern Australia

Research Letter

  • Dengue Fever in Burkina Faso, 2016
    Z. Tarnagda et al.

Books and Media

  • Deadliest Enemy: Our War against Germs
    A. A. Adalja