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Ahead of Print / In Press

Disclaimer: Ahead of print articles are not considered as final versions. Any changes will be reflected in the online version in the month the article is officially released.

Volume 24, Number 12—December 2018


  • Autochthonous Human Case of Seoul Virus Infection, the Netherlands
    C. Swanink et al.
        View Abstract

    Orthohantaviruses are a group of rodentborne viruses with a worldwide distribution. The orthohantavirus Seoul virus (SEOV) can cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in humans and is distributed worldwide, like its reservoir host, the rat. Cases of SEOV in wild and pet rats have been described in several countries, and human cases have been reported in the United Kingdom, France, Canada, and the United States. In the Netherlands, SEOV has previously been found in wild brown rats. We describe an autochthonous human case of SEOV infection in the Netherlands. This patient had nonspecific clinical symptoms of an orthohantavirus infection (gastrointestinal symptoms and distinct elevation of liver enzymes). Subsequent source investigation revealed 2 potential sources, the patient’s feeder rats and a feeder rat farm. At both sources, a high prevalence of SEOV was found in the rats. The virus closely resembled the Cherwell and Turckheim SEOV strains that were previously found in Europe.

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  • Outbreak of HIV Infection Linked to Nosocomial Transmission, China, 2016–2017
    X. Pan et al.
  • Reemergence of St. Louis Encephalitis Virus in the Americas
    A. Diaz et al.
  • Restaurant Inspection Letter Grades and Salmonella Infections, New York City
    M. J. Firestone and C. Hedberg


  • Substance Use and Adherence to HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis for Men who Have Sex with Men
    M. Hoenigl et al.
  • Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus, Mongolia, 2013–2014
    M. A. Voorhees et al.
  • Prevalence of Avian Influenza A H5 and H9 Viruses in Live Bird Markets, Bangladesh
    Y. Kim et al.
  • Spatial Analysis of Wildlife Tuberculosis Based on a Serologic Survey Using Dried Blood Spots, Portugal
    N. Santos et al.
  • Novel Type of Chronic Wasting Disease Detected in European Moose (Alces alces), Norway
    L. Pirisinu et al.
  • Survey of Ebola Viruses in Frugivorous and Insectivorous Bats in Guinea, Cameroon, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2015–2017
    H. M. De Nys et al.
        View Abstract

    To clarify the role of bats in the ecology of Ebola viruses, we assessed the prevalence of Ebola virus antibodies in a large-scale sample of bats collected during 2015–2017 from countries in Africa that have had previous Ebola outbreaks (Guinea, the Democratic Republic of the Congo) or are at high risk for outbreaks (Cameroon). We analyzed 4,022 blood samples of bats from >12 frugivorous and 27 insectivorous species; 2–37 (0.05%–0.92%) bats were seropositive for Zaire and 0–30 (0%–0.75%) bats for Sudan Ebola viruses. We observed Ebola virus antibodies in 1 insectivorous bat genus and 6 frugivorous bat species. Certain bat species widespread across Africa had serologic evidence of Zaire and Sudan Ebola viruses. No viral RNA was detected in the subset of samples tested (n = 665). Ongoing surveillance of bats and other potential animal reservoirs are required to predict and prepare for future outbreaks.

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  • Rat Lungworm Infection in Rodents, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, 2015–2017
    R. C. Rael et al.
  • Genomic Characterization of β-Glucuronidase-Positive Escherichia coli O157:H7 Producing Stx2a
    Y. Ogura et al.
  • Comparison of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5 ‘Guangdong’ Lineage Epizootic in Europe (2016–17) with Previous HPAI H5 Epizootics
    P. Alarcon et al.
  • Correlation between Capnocytophaga canimorsus Capsular Serovar and Disease Severity, Helsinki, Finland
    E. Hess et al.
  • Highly Pathogenic Clone of Shiga Toxin–producing Escherichia coli O157:H7
    L. Byrne et al.
  • Influences of Community Interventions on Zika Prevention Behaviors of Pregnant Women, Puerto Rico, July 2016–June 2017
    G. B. Earle-Richardson et al.
  • Emerging Multidrug-Resistant Hybrid Pathotype Shiga toxin–producing Escherichia coli O80 and Related Strains of Clonal Complex 165, Europe
    A. Cointe et al.
  • Terrestrial Bird Migration and West Nile Virus Circulation, United States
    D. Swetnam et al.
  • CTX-M-65 Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase–Producing Salmonella Serotype Infantis, United States
    A. C. Brown et al.
  • Human Exposure to Novel Bartonella Species Associated with Fruit Bats
    Y. Bai et al.

Historical Review

  • Emergent Sand Fly–Borne Phleboviruses in the Balkan Region
    N. Ayhan and R. N. Charrel


  • Isolation of Burkholderia pseudomallei from a Pet Green Iguana, Belgium
    T. Hellebuyck et al.
  • Candidatus Cryptoplasma Associated with Green Lizards and Ixodes ricinus Ticks, Slovakia
    B. Kočíková et al.
  • Excess Mortality and Causes Associated with Chikungunya, Puerto Rico, 2014–2015
    A. Freitas et al.
        View Abstract

    During 2014–2015, a total of 31 deaths were associated with the first chikungunya epidemic in Puerto Rico. We analyzed excess mortality from various causes for the same months during the previous 4 years and detected 1,310 deaths possibly attributable to chikungunya. Our findings raise important questions about increased mortality rates associated with chikungunya.

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  • In-Host Adaptation of Salmonella Dublin during Prosthetic Hip Joint Infection
    F. El Sayed et al.
  • Using PCR-Based Sequencing to Diagnose Haycocknema perplexum Infection in Human Myositis Case, Australia
    A. V. Koehler et al.
  • Borrelia miyamotoi Infections in Small Mammals, California, USA
    D. J. Salkeld et al.
  • Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus (H5N6) in Domestic Cats, South Korea
    K. Lee et al.
  • Vaccinia Virus among Domestic Dogs and Wild Coatis, Brazil, 2013–2015
    G. Costa et al.
  • Neglected Hosts of Small Ruminant Morbillivirus
    C. Schulz et al.
  • Risk Factors for Acquisition of Scrub Typhus among Children in Deoria and Gorakhpur Districts, Uttar Pradesh, India, 2017
    J. Thangaraj et al.

Research Letters

  • Conservation of Wild White Rhinoceroses Threatened by Bovine Tuberculosis, South Africa, 2016–2017
    M. A. Miller et al.
  • Locally Acquired Leptospirosis in Expedition Racer, Manitoba, Canada
    S. S. Kassim et al.
  • Chuzan Virus in Yaks, Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China
    M. Wang et al.
  • Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae in Wildlife Species beyond Subfamily Caprinae
    M. A. Highland et al.
  • Disseminated Spiroplasma apis Infection in Agammaglobulinemic Patient, France
    N. Etienne et al.
  • Belgian Patient Returning from Hungary with West Nile Virus Infection Confirmed Using Next-Generation Sequencing
    E. Wollants et al.
  • Lung Involvement in Chronic Schistosomiasis with Bladder Squamous Cell Carcinoma
    A. Saade et al.

Volume 25, Number 1—January 2019


  • Association of Increased Receptor-Binding Avidity of Influenza A(H9N2) Viruses with Escape from Antibody-Based Immunity and Enhanced Zoonotic Potential
    J. E. Sealy et al.


  • Burdens of Invasive Methicillin-Susceptible and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Disease, Minnesota, USA
    M. Koeck et al.
  • Dengue Virus IgM Serotyping by ELISA with Recombinant Mutant Envelope Proteins
    A. Rockstroh et al.
  • Lonepinella Identification in Koala Bite Wound Infections
    H. Sinclair et al.
  • Isolation and Full-Genome Characterization of Nipah Viruses from Bats, Bangladesh
    D. E. Anderson et al.

Research Letters

  • Severe Disseminated Infection Caused by an Emerging Lineage of Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus Clonal Complex 398 Lacking Classical Virulence Factors
    P. Jewell et al.
  • Severe Disease with Community-Associated MRSA Strain Chinese ST398, Australia, 2017
    G. W. Coombs et al.
  • Using the Health Belief Model to Analyze #Zika on Instagram for Public Health Communications
    J. Guidry et al.

Volume 25, Number 2—February 2019


  • Identification of Leishmania Species in Naturally Infected Sand Flies from Refugee Camps, Greece
    E. A. Fotakis et al.

Volume 25, Number 3—March 2019


  • Global Systematic Review and Patient Meta-Analysis of Encouraging Treatment Outcomes for Children with Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis
    M. Osman et al.