Ahead of Print / In Press
Disclaimer: Ahead of print articles are not considered as final versions. Any changes will be reflected in the online version in the month the article is officially released.
Volume 25, Number 9—September 2019
- Clinical Characteristics and Treatment Outcomes for Patients Infected with Mycobacterium haemophilum
- Genotyping Method for Potential Common Source of Enterocytozoon bieneusi Microsporidia Infection in Hematology Unit
- Epidemiology of Carbapenemase-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in a Hospital, Portugal
- Classification of Invasive Fungal Infections to Support Wound Treatment Decisions
Theileria orientalis Ikeda Genotype in Cattle, Virginia, USA
Theileria orientalis Ikeda genotype is a parasite that causes a disease in cattle that results in major economic issues in Asia, New Zealand, and Australia. The parasite is transmitted by Haemaphysalis longicornis ticks, which have recently been reported in numerous states throughout the eastern United States. Concurrently, cattle in Virginia showed clinical signs consistent with a hemoprotozoan infection. We used amplicons specific for the major piroplasm surface protein and small subunit rDNA of piroplasms to test blood samples from the cattle by PCR. Bidirectional Sanger sequencing showed sequences with 100% identity with T. orientalis Ikeda genotype 2 sequences. We detected the parasite in 3 unrelated herds and from various animals sampled at 2 time points. Although other benign T. orientalis genotypes are endemic to the United States, detection of T. orientalis Ikeda genotype might represent a risk for the cattle industry in Virginia.
- Impact of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines on Pneumococcal Meningitis in England and Wales, 2000–2016
- Epidemiologic Shift in Candidemia Driven by Candida auris, South Africa, 2016–2017
- Association of Enterovirus D68 with Acute Flaccid Myelitis, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, 2009–2018
- Risk for Clostridiodes difficile Infection among Older Adults with Cancer
- Genetic Characterization and Enhanced Surveillance of Ceftriaxone-Resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae Strain, Alberta, Canada, 2018
Delays in Coccidioidomycosis Diagnosis and Relationship to Healthcare Utilization, Arizona, USA
We developed an electronic records methodology to programmatically estimate the date of first appearance of coccidioidomycosis symptoms in patients. We compared the diagnostic delay with overall healthcare utilization charges. Many patients (46%) had delays in diagnosis of >1 month. Billed healthcare charges before diagnosis increased with length of delay.
- Cluster of Nasal Rhinosporidiosis, Eastern Province, Rwanda
- Rodent Host Abundance and Climate Variability as Predictors of Tickborne Disease Risk 1 Year in Advance
- Rickettsia japonica Infections in Humans, China, 2014–2017
- Control and Elimination of Extensively Drug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumanii in an Intensive Care Unit
Delays in Coccidioidomycosis Diagnosis and Associated Healthcare Utilization, Tucson, Arizona, USA
Tucson, Arizona, USA, is a highly coccidioidomycosis-endemic area. We conducted a retrospective review of 815 patients in Tucson over 2.7 years. Of 276 patients with coccidioidomycosis, 246 had a delay in diagnosis; median delay was 23 days. Diagnosis delay was associated with coccidioidomycosis-related costs totaling $589,053 and included extensive antibacterial drug use.
- Climate Classification System–Based Determination of Location of Cryptococcus gattii Emergence
- Use of Human Intestinal Enteroids to Detect Human Norovirus Infectivity
- Vaccine Effectiveness Against DS-1–like Rotavirus Strains in Infants with Acute Gastroenteritis, Malawi, 2013–2015
Candida auris in Germany and Previous Exposure to Foreign Healthcare
The emerging yeast Candida auris has disseminated worldwide. We report on 7 cases identified in Germany during 2015–2017. In 6 of these cases, C. auris was isolated from patients previously hospitalized abroad. Whole-genome sequencing and epidemiologic analyses revealed that all patients in Germany were infected with different strains.
- Fatal Case of Lassa Fever, Bangolo District, Côte d’Ivoire, 2015
- Disseminated Emergomycosis in a Person with HIV Infection from Uganda: Molecular Identification of Emergomyces pasteurianus or a Close Relative from a Pathology Block
- Fatal Cases of Invasive Fungal Disease after Isavuconazole Treatment Failure, France
Dengue Virus Type 1 Infection in Traveler Returning from Tanzania to Japan, 2019
The largest outbreak of dengue fever in Tanzania is ongoing. Dengue virus type 1 was diagnosed in a traveler who returned from Tanzania to Japan. In phylogenetic analysis, the detected strain was close to the Singapore 2015 strain, providing a valuable clue for investigating the dengue outbreak in Tanzania.
- Case of Plasmodium knowlesi Malaria in Poland Linked to Travel in Southeast Asia
- Whole-Genome Sequencing of Salmonella Mississippi and Typhimurium Definitive Type 160, Australia and New Zealand
- Characterization of Clinical Isolates of Talaromyces marneffei and Related Species, California, USA
- Disease Exposure and Antifungal Bacteria on Skin of Invasive Cane Toads, Australia
- Household Transmission of Human Adenovirus Type 55 in Case of Fatal Acute Respiratory Disease
Soft Tissue Infection with Diaporthe phaseolorum in Heart Transplant Recipient with End-Stage Renal Failure
Diaporthe phaseolorum is a fungal plant parasite that has rarely been described as causing invasive human disease. We report a case of human soft tissue infection with Diaporthe phaseolorum in a heart transplant patient with end-stage renal failure in New Zealand.
Bourbon Virus in Wild and Domestic Animals, Missouri, USA, 2012–2013
Since its recent discovery, Bourbon virus has been isolated from a human and ticks. To assess exposure of potential vertebrate reservoirs, we assayed banked serum and plasma samples from wildlife and domestic animals in Missouri, USA, for Bourbon virus–neutralizing antibodies. We detected high seroprevalence in raccoons (50%) and white-tailed deer (86%).
Bombali Virus in Mops condylurus Bats, Guinea
In 2018, a previously unknown Ebola virus, Bombali virus, was discovered in Sierra Leone. We describe detection of Bombali virus in Guinea. We found viral RNA in internal organs of 3 Angolan free-tailed bats (Mops condylurus) trapped in the city of N’Zerekore and in a nearby village.
Potential Fifth Clade of Candida auris, Iran, 2018
Four major clades of Candida auris have been described, and all infections have clustered in these 4 clades. We identified an isolate representative of a potential fifth clade, separated from the other clades by >200,000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms, in a patient in Iran who had never traveled outside the country.
Worldwide Reduction in MERS Cases and Deaths since 2016
Since 2012, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus has infected 2,442 persons worldwide. Case-based data analysis suggests that since 2016, as many as 1,465 cases and 293–520 deaths might have been averted. Efforts to reduce the global MERS threat are working, but countries must maintain vigilance to prevent further infections.
- Blastomycosis Misdiagnosed as Tuberculosis, India
- Parathyridaria percutanea and Subcutaneous Phaeohyphomycosis
Books and Media
- Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition
- Implementation and Evaluation of Decision Tool for Herpes B Virus Antiviral Prophylaxis after Macaque-Related Injuries in Research Laboratory Workers
Volume 25, Number 10—October 2019
- Global Epidemiology of Diphtheria, 2000–2017
- Localized Outbreaks of Epidemic Polyarthritis among Military Personnel Caused by Different Sublineages of Ross River Virus, Northeast Australia, 2016–2017
- Economic Burden of West Nile Virus Disease, Québec, Canada, 2012–2013
- Invasive Group A Streptococcus, Group B Streptococcus, and S. pneumoniae Infection among Adults Experiencing Homelessness, Alaska, 2002–2015
- Early Diagnosis of Tularemia with Flow Cytometry, Czech Republic, 2003–2015
Susceptibility of Influenza A, B, C, and D Viruses to Baloxavir
Baloxavir showed broad-spectrum in vitro replication inhibition of 4 types of influenza viruses (90% effective concentration range 1.2–98.3 nmol/L); susceptibility pattern was influenza A ˃ B ˃ C ˃ D. This drug also inhibited influenza A viruses of avian and swine origin, including viruses that have pandemic potential and those resistant to neuraminidase inhibitors.
- Powassan Virus, Increasingly Recognized Cause of Encephalitis in Northern United States
- Melioidosis after Hurricanes Irma and Maria, St. Thomas/St. John District, US Virgin Islands, October 2017
- Characterization of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus H5N6 and H5N5 Clade 22.214.171.124b Reassortants, Germany, 2017–18
Estimated Incubation Period and Serial Interval for Human-to-Human Influenza A(H7N9) Virus Transmission
We estimated the incubation period and serial interval for human-to-human–transmitted avian influenza A(H7N9) virus infection using case-patient clusters from epidemics in China during 2013–2017. The median incubation period was 4 days and serial interval 9 days. China’s 10-day monitoring period for close contacts of case-patients should detect most secondary infections.
Emergence of Influenza A(H7N4) Virus, Cambodia
Active surveillance in high-risk sites in Cambodia has identified multiple low-pathogenicity influenza A(H7) viruses, mainly in ducks. None fall within the A/Anhui/1/2013(H7N9) lineage; however, some A(H7) viruses from 2018 show temporal and phylogenetic similarity to the H7N4 virus that caused a nonfatal infection in Jiangsu Province, China, in December 2017.
- Genomic Characterization of Rift Valley Fever Virus, South Africa, 2018
- Geospatial Variation in Rotavirus Vaccination Coverage in Infants, United States, 2010–2017