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Volume 10, Number 10—October 2004

Epidemiology and Cost of Nosocomial Gastroenteritis, Avon, England, 2002–2003

Ben A. Lopman*Comments to Author , Mark H. Reacher*, Ian B. Vipond†, Dawn Hill‡, Christine Perry§, Tracey Halladay¶, David W. Brown*, W. John Edmunds*, and Joyshri Sarangi†
Author affiliations: *Health Protection Agency, London, UK; †Health Protection Agency, Bristol, UK; ‡United Bristol Healthcare Trust, Bristol, UK; §North Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol, UK; ¶Royal United Hospital Bath NHS Trust, Bath, UK

Main Article

Table 1

Causative organism in hospital gastroenteritis outbreaks, Avon, England, April 2002–March 2003

Organisms Outbreaks
Combined %
n %
Norovirusa 57 46.7 63.1
Norovirusb 14 11.5
Norovirusa + Clostridium difficilec 4 3.3 13.9
Norovirusb + C. difficilea 2 1.6
C. difficileb 6 4.9
C. difficilea 5 4.1
Rotavirusa 1 0.8
Campylobacterb 1 0.8
Rotavirusb 1 0.8
Negative specimens 31 25.4
Total with sufficient samplesa 122

aConfirmed outbreaks (two or more positive specimens). Two or more samples were taken in 122 (54%) of 227 outbreaks.
bUnconfirmed outbreaks (single positive specimen).

Main Article

Page created: March 30, 2011
Page updated: March 30, 2011
Page reviewed: March 30, 2011
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