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Volume 11, Number 11—November 2005

Assays to Detect West Nile Virus in Dead Birds

Ward B. Stone*Comments to Author , Joseph E. Therrien*, Robert Benson*, Laura Kramer†, Elizabeth B. Kauffman†, Millicent Eidson†, and Scott Campbell‡
Author affiliations: *New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, New York, USA; †New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York, USA; ‡Suffolk County Department of Health, Suffolk, New York, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Oral swab RAMP and VecTest specificity for real-time RT-PCR–negative birds, New York, 2004–2005*

Species (presented in taxonomic order) N† No. negative (%)
RAMP VecTest
Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus) 12 12 12
Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura) 24 24 24
Rock Dove (Columba livia) 12 12 12
Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata) 22 20 (90.9) 22
American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) 198 195 (98.5) 198
Fish Crow (Corvus ossifragus) 2 2 2
American Robin (Turdus migratorius) 22 20 (90.9) 22
Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis) 14 13 (92.9) 14
European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) 11 11 11
Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater) 10 10 10
Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula) 19 19 19
House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) 22 22 22
Other species‡ 118 118 118
Total all species 486 478 (98.4) 486

*RAMP, Rapid Analyte Measurement Platform; RT-PCR, reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction.
†No. real-time RT-PCR–negative birds.
‡52 species, representing 14 orders.

Main Article

Page created: February 17, 2012
Page updated: February 17, 2012
Page reviewed: February 17, 2012
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