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Volume 11, Number 2—February 2005


Sporadic Cryptosporidiosis Decline after Membrane Filtration of Public Water Supplies, England, 1996–2002

Stella Goh*, Mark Reacher†Comments to Author , David P. Casemore‡, Neville Q. Verlander§, André Charlett§, Rachel M. Chalmers¶, Margaret Knowles#, Anthony Pennington*, Joy Williams*, Keith Osborn**, and Sarah Richards††
Author affiliations: *Carlisle and District Primary Care Trust, Carlisle, United Kingdom; †Health Protection Agency, Cambridge, United Kingdom; ‡University of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, Wales, United Kingdom; §Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, Colindale, London, United Kingdom; ¶Singleton Hospital, Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom; #Cumberland Infirmary, Carlisle, United Kingdom; **United Utilities, Great Sankey, Warrington, United Kingdom; ††West Cumberland Hospital, Whitehaven, United Kingdom

Main Article

Table 5

Poisson regression model of the incidence of sporadic cryptosporidiosis*

Predictor Category IRR 95% CI p
Membrane filtration No Reference
Yes 0.207 0.099–0.431 < 0.0001
Foot and mouth disease epidemic Pre Reference
During 0.394 0.167–0.925
Post 0.686 0.292–1.612 0.05
Water supply Crummock Reference
Ennerdale 0.907 0.620–1.329
Other 0.820 0.573–1.174 0.6

*IRR, incidence rate ratio; CI, confidence interval. Goodness-of-fit test (chi square 10.84, 9 df, p = 0.3).

Main Article