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Volume 12, Number 9—September 2006

Predominance of Ancestral Lineages of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in India

M. Cristina Gutierrez*1, Niyaz Ahmed†1, Eve Willery‡, Sujatha Narayanan§, Seyed E. Hasnain†, Devendra S. Chauhan¶, Vishwa M. Katoch¶, Véronique Vincent*, Camille Locht‡, and Philip Supply‡Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Institut Pasteur, Paris, France; †Center for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics, Hyderabad, India; ‡Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille, France; §Tuberculosis Research Center, Chennai, India; ¶National Jalma Institute for Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases, Agra, India

Main Article

Table 5

Major spoligotypes in India*†

Spoligotype India, no. (%) SpolDB3.0, no. (%) Geographic distribution‡
S11§ 27 (28.7) 121 (1.03) ASI, EUR, OCE, NAM, CAM, SAM
S26§ 14 (14.9) 102 (0,87) ASI, EUR, OCE, NAM, CAM
S1§ 8 (8.5) 1,282 (10.95) Ubiquitous
S52§ 4 (4.3) 163 (1.39) Ubiquitous
S288§ 4 (4.3) 6 (0.051) ASI, EUR, OCE, NAM
S138§ 2 (2.1) 23 (0.20) EUR, NAM, CAM
S342§ 2 (2.1) 3 (0.026) NAM
S357§ 2 (2.1) 8 (0.068) ASI, EUR, NAM
S361§ 2 (2.1) 3 (0.026) ASI, EUR
ICC09¶ 2 (2.1) India
ICC114¶ 2 (2.1) India

*n = 94.
†Three Indian isolates from the collection of Kremer et al. (16) were included as references. Only spoligotypes shared by >2 isolates are shown.
‡Ubiquitous, spoligotype present in all 7 geographic areas; AFR, Africa; ASI, Asia; EUR, Europe; OCE, Oceania; SAM, South America; CAM, Central America; NAM, North America.
§Designation of the spoligotype in SpolDB3.0.
¶New spoligotype not included in SpolDB3.0.

Main Article

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Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

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