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Volume 13, Number 12—December 2007

Studies of Reservoir Hosts for Marburg Virus

Robert Swanepoel*Comments to Author , Sheilagh B. Smit*, Pierre E. Rollin†, Pierre Formenty‡, Patricia A. Leman*, Alan Kemp*, Felicity J. Burt§, Antoinette A. Grobbelaar*, Janice Croft*, Daniel G. Bausch¶, Hervé Zeller#, Herwig Leirs††, L.E.O. Braack‡‡, Modeste L. Libande§§, Sherif Zaki†, Stuart T. Nichol†, Thomas G. Ksiazek†, Janusz T. Paweska*, on behalf of the International ScientificTechnical Committee for Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever Control in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Author affiliations: *National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Sandringham, Republic of South Africa; †Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; ‡World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; §University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa; ¶Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA; #Institut Pasteur, Lyon, France; **University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium; ††University of Aarhus, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark; ‡‡Conservation International, Cape Town, South Africa; §§Department of Health, Watsa, Democratic Republic of the Congo;

Main Article


Results from Marburg virus testing of specimens collected in Durba, northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, May and October 1999

Species Total no. sampled Marburg ELISA antibody, no. positive/no. tested (%) Filovirus L RT-PCR and virus isolation Marburg nested VP35 RT-PCR, no. positive/no. tested (%)
Chiroptera: Microchiroptera
Hipposideros caffer 13 0/10 0/13 0/7
H. commersoni 17 0/16 0/17 0/13
Miniopterus inflatus 38 0/34 0/38 1/33 (3.0)
Nycteris hispida 1 0/1 0/1 0/1
Rhinolophus eloquens 222 20/206 (9.7) 0/222 7/197 (3.6)
Rh. landeri


Chiroptera: Megachiroptera
Lissonycteris angolensis 3 0/3 0/3 0/3
Rousettus aegyptiacus
32/156 (20.5)
4/127 (3.1)
Lemniscomys striatus 10 0/10 0/10
Lophuromys sikapusi 2 0/2 0/2
Mastomys natalensis 4 0/4 0/4 0/1
Mus (Nannomys) minutoides 11 0/11 0/11 0/2
Praomys delectorum 14 0/14 0/14 0/4
Taterillus emini 1 0/1 0/1 0/1
Rattus norvegicus
Insectivora: Sorcidae (Crocidura spp.) 3 0/3 0/3
Amphibia: Anura (unidentified frog) 1 0/1 0/1
Arthropoda: Crustacea (unidentified crab) 4 0/4 0/4
Arthropoda: Hexapoda, Arachnida* ≈2,000 0/22†

*Cockroaches, crickets, spiders, wasps, moth flies, streblids, nycteribiids, mites.
†Pooled specimens.

Main Article

Page created: July 06, 2010
Page updated: July 06, 2010
Page reviewed: July 06, 2010
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