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Volume 13, Number 7—July 2007


Antiretroviral Therapy during Tuberculosis Treatment and Marked Reduction in Death Rate of HIV-Infected Patients, Thailand1

Somsak Akksilp*, Opart Karnkawinpong*, Wanpen Wattanaamornkiat*, Daranee Viriyakitja†, Patama Monkongdee‡, Walya Sitti*, Dhanida Rienthong†, Taweesap Siraprapasiri†‡, Charles D. Wells§, Jordan W. Tappero‡§, and Jay K. Varma†§Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Ministry of Public Health, Ubon-ratchathani, Thailand; †Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand; ‡Thailand Ministry of Public Health–Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand; §Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA;

Main Article

Table 1

Characteristics of HIV-infected patients with tuberculosis (TB), Ubon-ratchathani, February 2003 through January 2004

(N = 329), no. (%)
Female112 (34)
Median age, y (range)32 (0.8–68)
Type, location of TB
Sputum smear-positive, pulmonary120 (36)
Sputum smear-negative, pulmonary107 (33)
Extrapulmonary102 (31)
Category of TB
New307 (93)
Treatment after interruption, failure,
default, or relapse11 (4)
Other11 (3)
HIV status known before TB diagnosis225 (68)
CD4 count (cells/mm3)
<5095 (29)
50–9939 (12)
100–19936 (11)
>20025 (8)
Unknown134 (41)
Received co-trimoxazole during TB treatment225 (68)
Received antiretroviral therapy (ART)
Before TB diagnosis30 (9)
During TB treatment45 (14)
Not prescribed ART254 (77)
Among patients receiving ART, regimen prescribed (n = 75)
Stavudine/Lamivudine/Nevirapine38 (51)
Stavudine/Lamivudine/Efavirenz35 (47)
Other2 (2)
Treatment outcome
Cured61 (19)
Completed126 (38)
Failure4 (1)
Default31 (9)
Transfer4 (1)
Change of diagnosis4 (1)
Died99 (30)

Main Article

Data from this manuscript have been presented in part at the 36th UNION World Conference on Lung Health, Paris, October 2005, and the 15th Annual International AIDS Conference, Bangkok, July 2004.