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Volume 14, Number 1—January 2008
International Polar Year


Dissemination of Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria into the Arctic

Maria Sjölund-Karlsson*1, Jonas Bonnedahl†, Jorge Hernandez‡, Stina Bengtsson*, Gunilla Cederbrant*, Jarone Pinhassi‡, Gunnar Kahlmeter*§, and Björn Olsen‡§Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Central Hospital, Växjö, Sweden; †Kalmar County Hospital, Kalmar, Sweden; ‡Kalmar University, Kalmar, Sweden; §Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden;

Main Article


Antimicrobial drug resistance phenotypes in 8 Escherichia coli isolates from Arctic birds

Isolate Avian host species Geographic origin PhenePlate type* Drug resistance profile†
2 Western sandpiper Lorino, Siberia Si Amp, Cpd, Cdr, Cxm
18 Vega/Glaucous gull Novo Chaplino, Siberia CT3 Amp, Cpd
26 Vega/Glaucous gull Novo Chaplino, Siberia Si Amp, Sul, Chl, Tet, Tri, Nit, Str
35 Vega/Glaucous gull Novo Chaplino, Siberia Si Fos
36 Vega/Glaucous gull Novo Chaplino, Siberia Si Fos
75 Emperor/Brent goose Kolyuchin, Siberia CT5 Tet
94 Iceland/Glaucous gull Thule, Greenland CT5 Amp, Sul, Chl,Mec, Tet, Tri, Str
97 Iceland/Glaucous gull Thule, Greenland Si Amp, Sul, Chl, Mec, Tri, Str, Nal, Cip

*Si, single type; CT, common type.
†Amp, ampicillin; Cpd, cefpodoxime; Cdr, cefadroxil; Cxm, cefuroxime; Sul, sulfamethoxazole; Chl, chloramphenicol; Tet, tetracycline; Tri, trimethoprim; Nit, nitrofurantoin; Str, streptomycin; Fos, fosfomycin; Mec, mecillinam; Nal, nalidixic acid; Cip, ciprofloxacin.

Main Article

1Current affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA