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Volume 14, Number 7—July 2008


Rickettsia felis as Emergent Global Threat for Humans

Carlos E. Pérez-Osorio*, Jorge E. Zavala-Velázquez*, Juan José Arias León*, and Jorge E. Zavala-Castro*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Mérida, México;

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Table 1

Potential vectors infected with Rickettsia felis reported worldwide, 1992–2007*

Year Source of DNA sample Animal† Country Reference
1992 Ctenocephalides felis Opossum USA (9)
2002 C. felis Cats and dogs Brazil (10)
2002 C. felis Dogs Mexico (11)
2002 C.felis Cats and dogs Spain (12)
2003 Haemophysalis flava, H. kitaokai, and Ixodes ovatus Unknown (flagging) Japan (19)
2003 C. felis Cats France (22)
2003 C. felis Cats and dogs UK (23)
2004 C. felis Dogs Peru (24)
2005 Anomiopsyllus nudata Wild rodents USA (16)
2005 C. felis Cats and dogs New Zealand (25)
2005 C. felis Monkey Gabon (26)
2006 C. felis and C. canis Dogs Brazil (13)
2006 C. felis and C. canis Cats and dogs Uruguay (14)
2006 Archaeopsylla erinacei and C. canis Hedgehog and rodents Algeria (15)
2006 Archaeopsylla erinacei and Ctenophtalmus sp. Rodents and hedgehog Portugal (17)
2006 Xenopsylla cheopis Rodents‡ Indonesia (18)
2006 C. felis, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, and Amblyommma cajennense Dogs and horse Brazil (20)
2006 Unknown flea Gerbil Afghanistan (27)
2006 C. felis Cats and dogs Australia (28)
2006 C. felis Cats Israel (29)
2006 C. felis Rodents Cyprus (30)
2007 Mites Wild rodents Korea (21)
2007 C. felis Cats USA (31)
2007 C. felis Cats Chile (32)

*PCR was used to detect R. felis infection with 1 noted exception.
†Animal host of potential vectors.
‡Quantitative PCR.

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